By Topic

Popular Articles (December 2015)

Includes the top 50 most frequently downloaded documents for this publication according to the most recent monthly usage statistics.
  • 1. Machine vision reaches top gear

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):265 - 267
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    The power and simplicity of a new generation of machine vision systems have done much to overcome the automotive industry's reluctance to invest in this technology. Most vision applications in the automotive industry are for machine guidance or quality inspections. In quality control inspections, the vision system determines whether parts or sub-assemblies are acceptable or defective and then dire... View full abstract»

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  • 2. The connected car

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):42 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    Engineers are working to create ad hoc networks based on assemblies of communicating vehicles. The theoretical and practical challenges are considerable. View full abstract»

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  • 3. Putting the pleasure into products

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):249 - 252
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1068 KB)

    Now that consumers expect everything they buy to be both functional and easy to use, designers need to think seriously about the pleasure their products bring to users. The artefacts and products with which we surround ourselves are potential sources of pleasure. They should be designed with a view to how they can provide pleasure to those who use and experience them. This requires a rich understa... View full abstract»

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  • 4. Three of a kind [UPS topologies, IEC standard]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):27 - 31
    Cited by:  Papers (47)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1156 KB)

    With uninterruptible power supplies now used in critical applications across every industrial sector, a standard terminology to describe types and performance measures has become essential. The author outlines how the international standards community has responded to this need by introducing IEC 62040-3 which distinguishes three types of UPS topology: passive standby, line interactive, and double... View full abstract»

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  • 5. Pushy motors [piezoelectric motors]

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):105 - 108
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    A motor using a piezoelectric instead of electromagnetic driving mechanism gives very high torque at low speeds and allows very precise positioning. The author describes the operating principles of piezoelectric motors using PZT ceramics. The design of the motors is then described. The design of the travelling wave motor to overcome the unidirectional problem of piezoelectric motors is described. ... View full abstract»

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  • 6. The all-electric aircraft

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):309 - 311
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (293 KB)

    The author discusses the use of electric power in both civil and military aircraft. In particular the author discusses engine starting using electrically driven compressors using squirrel cage motors. The advantages over other methods are discussed. The use of electric motor driven pumps for the hydraulic system is also discussed. The author then gives a brief history of the development of electri... View full abstract»

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  • 7. Bzzzz zzz [ZigBee wireless standard]

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):28 - 31
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (310 KB)

    The author discusses the question of whether the ZigBee wireless standard, promoted by an alliance of 25 firms, a big threat to Bluetooth? ZigBee, developed for the 2.4 GHz band, looks rather like Bluetooth but is simpler, has a lower data rate and spends most of its time snoozing. This characteristic means that a node on a ZigBee network should be able to run for six months to two years on just t... View full abstract»

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  • 8. Windows of opportunity [smart windows for light/heat blocking]

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):40 - 43
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (107 KB)

    Though the technology is still far from commonplace, the glass and window industry has steadily been introducing smart product lines because the market is, potentially, enormous. This article presents the different technologies being developed for smart windows. It details polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal privacy glass, suspended particle display (SPD) technology using electrophoresis, electrochro... View full abstract»

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  • 9. EMC analysis methods and computational models

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): 174
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (736 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • 10. Rebuilding the Bombe [Enigma code breaking machine]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):7 - 10
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (591 KB)

    Film makers who wanted to recreate the machines that played a vital part in breaking the German Enigma code were able to turn for advice to a group of engineers who are building their own working replica. Both film and book take their name from the coding device used by the German military to communicate battle plans. The machine was almost unbreakable in its sophistication, but procedural flaws s... View full abstract»

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  • 11. Embedding Linux

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):33 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1056 KB)

    The author explains the whys and hows of fitting a software quart into a pint pot-with room to spare. Linux is an open-source Unix-like kernel, that can be freely distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Right from the beginning, as is the case today, distributions of the Linux kernel have been accompanied by GNU-developed utility programs to form a complete operating system.... View full abstract»

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  • 12. A new era in HVDC?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):33 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (28)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (952 KB)

    The authors review the advantages of high-voltage DC transmission, and discuss the benefits that the use of voltage-sourced converters could bring. They start by giving a simple representation of an HVDC interconnection and then discuss the use and benefits of HVDC for bulk power transmission, power transmission via cables, termination between unsynchronised AC systems, parallel AC/DC transmission... View full abstract»

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  • 13. The father of LabView

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):30 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (395 KB)

    National Instruments (NI) prides itself on the way it changed the measurement and automation world for engineers. But, it took a lot of guts and brainpower according to the founder, Jeff Kodosky. LabView is a graphical control, test and measurement environment development package. It is one of the most widely used software packages for test, measurement and control in a variety of industries. LabV... View full abstract»

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  • 14. Robotics in surgery

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):193 - 196
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (12)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    The application of robotics to health care has been underway for about 10 years. The first area that received and is still receiving great attention is the area of rehabilitation robotics. The lessons learned in this field provide a number of signals for surgical robotics. The state of the art in robotic technology for the operating theatre can be summarised by giving some examples. These are desc... View full abstract»

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  • 15. The synchronous digital hierarchy. II. Survival of the fittest

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):229 - 233
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (440 KB)

    For pt.I see ibid., vol.37, no.5, p.185-9, 1991. The authors explain how the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) offers a solution the problems caused by the digitalisation of the world's telecommunications networks. The principles and the pros and cons of SDH are also outlined.<> View full abstract»

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  • 16. The synchronous digital hierarchy. I. The origin of the species

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):185 - 189
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    Throughout the world, public network operators are set to begin trials of what are known as synchronous transmission systems. The authors look at plesiochronous digital hierarchy, its successor, and describe the nature of the new transmission systems, indicate why they are needed, and identify some of the benefits they will bring to operators and users alike.<> View full abstract»

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  • 17. Lithium batteries

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):65 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    Developments in lithium battery technology are being driven by the demands of consumer electronics products, although the emphasis will soon change to larger battery systems for electric vehicles and dispersed energy storage. The author discusses primary and secondary batteries, lithium cells, lithium polymer batteries, and lithium-ion cells View full abstract»

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  • 18. Beyond the harbour wall [offshore wind farm]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):13 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1588 KB)

    The Northumbrian port of Blyth is becoming established as a leading centre for wind energy development. During 1992, nine 300 kW wind turbines were installed along the harbour's east pier, to create the UK's first semi-offshore wind farm. This pioneering scheme has now been followed by the commissioning of the Blyth Offshore wind farm-a joint venture between Shell, Powergen Renewables, Nuon and Am... View full abstract»

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  • 19. The cost of computer crime

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):29 - 32
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    Computer-related crime cost UK businesses an estimated £473 million in 1993-94. How do these losses occur, and how can they be prevented? The author describes the different types of security breach (both accidental and deliberate) which fall into two main categories, physical and logical, quoting real life examples. The damage caused and the cost of these security breaches are discussed View full abstract»

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  • 20. A ray of light [free space optical transmission]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):32 - 33
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (264 KB)

    The author looks at the role of free-space optical transmission as a solution to the problem of broadband access. The last few years have seen a dramatic resurgence of interest in nonmilitary uses of free-space optical transmission, driven by the pressing demand for high-bandwidth connections to business and commercial premises. To date, development activity has been concentrated in the US, with S... View full abstract»

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  • 21. RFID sees all

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):22 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (521 KB)

    Civil groups are getting uneasy over RFID as the technology, used in tracking products in manufacturing, crosses over to tracking shoppers in retail. View full abstract»

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  • 22. Electric Vehicle Technology Explained [Book Review]

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):54 - 55
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (278 KB)

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  • 23. Sensorless vector and direct torque control

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 40
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (120 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • 24. Going for gold [gold in electronics industry]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):15 - 19
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (457 KB)

    Gold is the pre-eminent noble metal, prized throughout history for its beauty, permanence and rarity-an enduring store of wealth and the basis for countless decorative, ceremonial and religious artefacts. In the modern world, gold's unique chemical and physical properties mean that it is now finding increasing use in a wide range of industrial applications. Gold has outstanding resistance to corro... View full abstract»

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  • 25. The millennium bug [computer systems]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):140 - 142
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    There is a time bomb ticking away within the world's computers. Come the next millennium and many computer systems will, quite literally, not know what year it is. Here, the author describes the origins of this problem and suggests some solutions View full abstract»

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  • 26. Talk about a change [VoIP replacing PSTN]

    Publication Year: 2004
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (457 KB)

    The rapid rise of Internet telephony services means that existing telecoms networks could soon be redundant. This paper examines the technological and financial issues concerning voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) and the probability of it substantially replacing existing public switched telephone networks (PSTN) within the next few years. View full abstract»

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  • 27. Silicon takes the strain

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):46 - 49
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (419 KB)

    Some people work better under stress: major players in the semiconductor industry are betting on the same being true for silicon. The semiconductor industry is investigating a new way of making the transistors that are the basic building blocks for almost all integrated circuits (ICs). It promises to squeeze more device performance out of current manufacturing processes, or to get the same device ... View full abstract»

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  • 28. Keeping information safe (computer fraud)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):120 - 121
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (159 KB)

    Computer-based fraud is an increasing crime with only one in twenty frauds resulting in a successful prosecution. In order to make systems secure the use of the public key cipher (PKC) system is being introduced. PKC has the advantage that the secret aspect of the process is wholly under the control of the person receiving the information. The use of PKC with a digital signature is discussed.< View full abstract»

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  • 29. Power for development-electricity in the Third World

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):101 - 105
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (446 KB)

    Electrical power is a vital prerequisite for any modern economy. Even in the least developed countries, the availability of a reliable power supply at reasonable cost is important for economic growth and development. The critical issue is that the demand for electrical power in developing countries keeps expanding faster than the growth of supply, which is constrained by financial, technical and m... View full abstract»

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  • 30. Software agents

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):17 - 20
    Cited by:  Papers (24)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (448 KB)

    The authors describe software agents which are probably the fastest growing area of information technology. They detail how they are being used for applications as diverse as personalised information management, electronic commerce, interface design, computer games and the management of complex commercial and industrial processes View full abstract»

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  • 31. Functional electrical stimulation (bioengineering)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):443 - 445
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (280 KB)

    Functional electrical stimulation (FES) or functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) is the name that has been given to the controlled stimulation of muscles in order to return some function. After a spinal injury, muscle wastes very rapidly, particularly in the large muscles of the thigh. The author shows that routine stimulation of muscles with an exercise stimulator over many weeks or months, ... View full abstract»

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  • 32. Close encounters of the magnetic kind [near field communications]

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):38 - 42
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (566 KB)

    This article discusses electromagnetic induction used for near field communications. It begins by outlining magnetic fields, and the difference between near field and far field propagation. It then describes various applications which could make use of near field propagation. These include: short range data communications; medical implants; and human interfaces requiring position sensing. View full abstract»

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  • 33. Phased-array radars

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):363 - 367
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (280 KB)

    Phased-array radars have advantages over conventional radars in that they can support flexible processing and waveforms, support multiple functions in a single system and achieve optimal control and usage of radar energy. The author describes the principles of operation and looks at various phased-array radars including the Cobra Dane and the EMPAR View full abstract»

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  • 34. R&D Efficiency - Free trade

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s): 53
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (238 KB)

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  • 35. Creativity and discipline-quality management in software

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):263 - 265
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (263 KB)

    Like most products, software is occasionally produced by the people who need it, but more often it is bought in from a specialist supplier. In this case, quality is of vital importance to the customer. Here, the author describes how software development, which is essentially a creative engineering process based on an unrestrained flow of ideas, can be controlled, captured and reproduced.<> View full abstract»

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  • 36. 'Robodoc' arrives on UK wards

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): 16
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (85 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • 37. User-programmable logic-chasing the gate array

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):181 - 184
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (349 KB)

    Integrated circuits (ICs) come in a wide range of technologies, and can implement a bewildering variety of functions. For the systems builder, however, there is one aspect of an IC that, irrespective of technology or function, is likely to be of overriding importance: whether it can be bought as a standard 'off-the-shelf' component, or whether it must be implemented as some form of ASIC (applicati... View full abstract»

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  • 38. A neat idea [photonic crystal fibre]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):19 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (803 KB)

    Photonic crystal fibre could mark the start of a new era in optical communications. The author describes the work of Philip Russell in the development of this technology which is based on the photonic bandgap of crystals. The physics involved is explained and the development and manufacture of the photonic crystal fibre is described. The need to reduce losses is mentioned. The advantages of photon... View full abstract»

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  • 39. The heart of a new machine [Powerformer, cable-wound stator machine]

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):255 - 258
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    Powerformer (an amalgam of power generator and transformer) is a radically new generator design that could herald a new era in high-voltage generation. The new machine from ABB is a 100 RPM, 11 MVA, 45 kV machine, installed as unit 9 (U9) of the Porjus Hydropower Centre, on the Lule river in northern Sweden. The Powerformer uses a cable-wound stator using XLPE insulated cable. The cable's circular... View full abstract»

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  • 40. Meter power (electricity metering)

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):237 - 240
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (406 KB)

    The author discusses the problems caused by the privatisation of the UK electricity supply industry in the area of metering. The minimum requirements for changes in metering suggested by Offer (Office of Electricity Regulation) to improve demand side management, are discussed. The author then discusses communication techniques for improved metering. The author describes mains signalling and radio ... View full abstract»

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  • 41. The phantom tollbooth charging for road use

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):31 - 34
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    For 2000 years, road travellers have been charged to use roads, bridges and tunnels and they have been required to pay to enter some cities. Originally this was to raise money for building and maintaining roads and for profit. Nowadays there are other reasons, such as the control of congestion and pollution. Charging for road use includes onroad parking, transit along roads and, potentially chargi... View full abstract»

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  • 42. New lamps for old: the story of electric lighting

    Publication Year: 1995
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB)

    Of all the products of electrical technology, none has made a more profound difference to our way of life than the humble light bulb. The author describes the history of the light bulb from the time it was introduced and started to replace gas lamps to the present day. In particular the author discusses the early developments in arc lighting and incandescent filament lamps. The author also discuss... View full abstract»

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  • 43. NI LabVIEW - from interactive measurements to graphical system design

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): 17
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (57 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • 44. Watts in space [spacecraft power supply]

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):19 - 23
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (960 KB)

    The relative autonomy of spacecraft, a function of their distance from Earth, requires a novel approach to the supply of electrical power. In this paper, the author reviews the current space power options View full abstract»

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  • 45. Doctor volts [electrotherapy]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):23 - 28
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1496 KB)

    The author reviews the history of electrotherapy. Electricity can cure- or at least ameliorate some maladies-as well as kill if overdosed. It has long been used to treat the agonies of gout, with the biological batteries of electric eels and rays providing the electrical stimulus. Early electrostatic generators were quickly put to use treating patients. By the end of the 19th century electrical en... View full abstract»

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  • 46. Research comes in from the cold

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):231 - 232
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Political and economic upheavals have forced researchers in eastern Europe to take a fresh look at how they collaborate with other countries. The author reports from Belarus on how they are coming to terms with the new situation. At least five different types of collaboration now exist: agreements between academies and other state-funded structures; bilateral agreements between research organisati... View full abstract»

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  • 47. News - Power-hungry mobiles drive fuel cell progress

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): 16
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (43 KB)

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  • 48. Making software safer

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):321 - 324
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (472 KB)

    Computer-based control systems represent both a major advance and a potential threat. The great advantage of the computer lies in its inherent speed, making possible the management of systems with a level of complexity far exceeding the capabilities of the human operator. The threat lies in the behaviour of the system in the event of a malfunction. Under these circumstances control will be lost; t... View full abstract»

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  • 49. Spinning the Web [World Wide Web standardisation]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):28 - 29
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB)

    The World Wide Web may not be owned, controlled or regulated, but it still needs standards. Like the Internet, which underpins it, the Web has been developed by, and for the needs of, the international research community. The issues and features important to researchers will not always match the requirements of business. Witness the issue of security. Academic researchers have a natural bias towar... View full abstract»

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  • 50. Asdics at war [underwater acoustics]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):15 - 19
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)

    The U-boat provided the cornerstone of German naval strategy in the two world wars of the 20th century. The author recounts the role of underwater acoustics in defeating this “terrible instrument of war”. The author describes the development of underwater acoustic techniques (known as asdics and based on hydrophones and later, acoustic ultrasonic echo-ranging) during the first world wa... View full abstract»

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