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# IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

## Issue 6  Part 2 • June 2017

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 19 of 19

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):C1 - 1505
| PDF (324 KB)
• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): C2
| PDF (147 KB)
• ### Low Dose CT Filtering in the Image Domain Using MAP Algorithms

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1506 - 1517
| | PDF (2845 KB) | HTML

The purpose of this paper is to present two new noise reduction filters techniques in the CT image space, in order to provide a better quality to the images acquired with low radiation exposure. For the noise reduction, a new denoising technique is presented based on a pointwise Maximum a Posteriori (MAP). The noise is considered Gaussian with zero mean, as observed experimentally, and the varianc... View full abstract»

• ### Particle Filter-Based Recursive Data Fusion With Sensor Indexing for Large Core Neutron Flux Estimation

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1518 - 1525
| | PDF (826 KB) | HTML

We introduce a sequential importance sampling particle filter (PF)-based multisensor multivariate nonlinear estimator for estimating the in-core neutron flux distribution for pressurized heavy water reactor core. Many critical applications such as reactor protection and control rely upon neutron flux information, and thus their reliability is of utmost importance. The point kinetic model based on ... View full abstract»

• ### Nuclear Power Plant Thermocouple Sensor-Fault Detection and Classification Using Deep Learning and Generalized Likelihood Ratio Test

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1526 - 1534
| | PDF (1100 KB) | HTML

In this paper, an online fault detection and classification method is proposed for thermocouples used in nuclear power plants. In the proposed method, the fault data are detected by the classification method, which classifies the fault data from the normal data. Deep belief network (DBN), a technique for deep learning, is applied to classify the fault data. The DBN has a multilayer feature extract... View full abstract»

• ### Total Ionizing Dose Effects of Gamma-Ray Radiation on NbOx-Based Selector Devices for Crossbar Array Memory

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1535 - 1539
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (660 KB) | HTML

The transition metal oxide NbO2 is regarded as a promising selector device to be integrated with resistive random access memory for the high-density crossbar array architecture. Understanding its total ionizing dose (TID) response would help assess the reliability of using this selector device in radiation environments. In this paper, we investigate the TID effect of gamma-ray (γ... View full abstract»

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1540 - 1548
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1733 KB) | HTML

We explore how radiation-resistant broadband erbium-doped fibers (EDFs) can be achieved by using a carefully selected chemical composition, without specific coating or specific packaging. In this framework, we define a factor of merit, an appropriate and effective tool to design a radiation-hardened EDF amplifier (EDFA) based on a mature technology. We focus on specialty fibers, with a finely tune... View full abstract»

• ### Dependence of Ideality Factor in Lateral PNP Transistors on Surface Carrier Concentration

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1549 - 1553
| | PDF (912 KB) | HTML

The influence of surface carrier concentration on the ideality factor of excess base current (ΔIB) in gated lateral PNP (GLPNP) bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) induced by 1-MeV electrons is investigated. ΔIB in LPNP BJTs is impacted by the surface carrier density and radiation-induced interface traps. In GLPNP BJTs, the surface carrier concentration can be c... View full abstract»

• ### A Quatro-Based 65-nm Flip-Flop Circuit for Soft-Error Resilience

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1554 - 1561
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1315 KB) | HTML

A flip-flop circuit hardened against soft errors is presented in this paper. This design is an improved version of Quatro for further enhanced soft-error resilience by integrating the guard-gate technique. The proposed design, as well as reference Quatro and regular flip-flops, was implemented and manufactured in a 65-nm CMOS bulk technology. Experimental characterization results of their alpha an... View full abstract»

• ### Using Backscattering to Enhance Efficiency in Neutron Detectors

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1562 - 1573
| | PDF (5057 KB) | HTML

The principle of using strongly scattering materials to recover efficiency in detectors for neutron instruments, via backscattering of unconverted thermal neutrons, is discussed in general. The feasibility of the method is illustrated through Geant4-based simulations involving thermal neutrons impinging on a specific setup with a layer of polyethylene placed behind a single-layered boron-10 thin-f... View full abstract»

• ### $\beta$ -Ga2O3 Solid-State Devices for Fast Neutron Detection

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1574 - 1579
| | PDF (2264 KB) | HTML

Examination of Ga2O3 as solid-state nuclear detector was carried out. Ga2O3 is a wide bandgap material with beneficial physical properties that enable its application in harsh environmental conditions, such as elevated temperature or strong electromagnetic field; therefore, Ga2O3 could become a competitor of diamond and 4H silicon-c... View full abstract»

• ### Nonproportional Response of Scintillators to Alpha Particle Excitation

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1580 - 1591
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1564 KB) | HTML

In this paper, we investigated the relation between gamma nonproportionality and alpha particle nonproportionality. First, we collected literature data on the α/β ratio of almost all commonly used scintillators. Second, we extended the literature review with our own measurements of LaBr3:Ce α/β ratio in function of Ce3+ concentration. A strong infl... View full abstract»

• ### Study of 222Rn Absorption and Detection Properties of EJ-212 and BC-400 Plastic Scintillators

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1592 - 1598
| | PDF (1396 KB) | HTML

This paper presents a study of the 222Rn absorption properties of EJ-212 and BC-400 plastic scintillators (PSs). The diffusion length and the partition coefficient of 222Rn from air are determined at T = 21°C, which fully characterize the radon absorption properties of these PS at this temperature. The pulseshape discrimination (PSD) properties of the PS and their ener... View full abstract»

• ### A Compact Low-Power Driver Array for VCSELs in 65-nm CMOS Technology

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1599 - 1604
| | PDF (1702 KB) | HTML

This paper presents a compact low-power 4 × 10 Gb/s quad-driver module for vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays in a 65-nm CMOS technology. The side-by-side drivers can be directly wire bonded to the VCSEL diode array, supporting up to four channels. To increase the bandwidth of the driver, an internal feed-forward path is added for pole-zero cancellation, without increasin... View full abstract»

• ### A Bulk Control Circuit for Open-Loop Front-Ends for X-Ray Pixel Detectors

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1605 - 1610
| | PDF (1139 KB) | HTML

In this paper, we present a bulk control circuit to correct the chip-to-chip process variations of an open-loop nonlinear front-end (FE) for X-ray pixel detectors. Our study was carried out in the framework of the Depfet sensor with signal compression detector development for the European X-ray free electron laser. The presented circuit is capable to stabilize the FE response in presence of thresh... View full abstract»

• ### New Position Algorithms for the 3-D CZT Drift Detector

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1611 - 1618
| | PDF (2202 KB) | HTML

The 3-D position sensitive CZT detector for high-energy astrophysics developed at DTU has been investigated with a digitizer readout system. The 3-D CZT detector is based on the CZT drift-strip detector principle and was fabricated using a REDLEN CZT crystal (20 mm × 20 mm × 5 mm). The detector contains 12 drift cells, each comprising one collecting anode strip with four drift strips... View full abstract»

• ### Modeling and Characterization of SiPM Parameters at Temperatures Between 95 K and 300 K

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):1619 - 1624
| | PDF (945 KB) | HTML

The modeling and characterization of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) in a wide temperature range from 95 K to 300 K is presented. The devices under study had the distinctive feature of forward-biased p-n junctions situated under each pixel as active quenching resistors making them particularly appropriate to be operated at cryogenic temperatures. The voltage drop across the diode in a forward dir... View full abstract»

• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science information for authors

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): C3
| PDF (109 KB)
• ### Affiliate Plan of the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): C4
| PDF (214 KB)

## Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

Full Aims & Scope

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