# IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology

## Issue 5 • May 2017

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## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 92

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):C1 - C4
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• ### IEEE Vehicular Technology Society Information

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): C2
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• ### Determination of Cell Coverage Area and its Applications in High-Speed Railway Environments

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3515 - 3525
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| |PDF (937 KB) | HTML

In this paper, a determination method of the cell coverage area for the narrow-strip-shaped cells in high-speed railways (HSRs) is proposed, which is of great importance to HSR dedicated communication network planning. A closed-form expression for the cell coverage area is first derived on the basis of the edge outage probability and the propagation channel parameters, and it is found that the lin... View full abstract»

• ### In-Vehicle Channel Measurement, Characterization, and Spatial Consistency Comparison of $\text{30}\hbox{--}\text{11 GHz}$ and $\text{55}\hbox{--}\text{65 GHz}$ Frequency Bands

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3526 - 3537
Cited by:  Papers (1)
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The paper provides real-word wireless measurement data of the intravehicular channel for both the 3-11 GHz and the 55-65 GHz frequency bands under similar conditions. By spatially averaging channel impulse response realizations within a 10 × 10 grid, we obtain the power-delay profile (PDP). The data measured at 3-11 GHz and 55-65 GHz exhibit significant differences in terms of root mean squ... View full abstract»

• ### 5-GHz V2V Channel Characteristics for Parking Garages

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3538 - 3547
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Aiming for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure applications, we provide radio propagation channel characterization results for parking garage channels in the 5 GHz, based on experimental data collected in four typical above-ground parking garages. As a common scenario in urban or suburban settings, such garages provide an indoor propagation environment for vehicular communicatio... View full abstract»

• ### Higher Order Modes: A Solution for High Gain, Wide Band Patch Antennas for Different Vehicular Applications

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3548 - 3554
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Low-gain and narrow bandwidth problems are associated with patch antennas, and due to their inverse relation with each other, these problems cannot be improved simultaneously. It is well understood that the patch antenna excited at the higher order modes (HOMs) can overcome the problems of low gain and narrow bandwidth, provided that the modes are excited properly. For a given geometry, all the re... View full abstract»

• ### Measurement and Modeling of Angular Spreads of Three-Dimensional Urban Street Radio Channels

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3555 - 3570
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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By utilizing planar antenna arrays, a base station (BS) by the roadside can exploit two-dimensional (2-D) sectorization and beamforming to connect dense pedestrians and vehicles in a street. The azimuth and elevation angular spreads of the street radio channels are critical for the spatial multiplexing performance. In this paper, by utilizing a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) channel sounder... View full abstract»

• ### A Real-Time Markov Chain Driver Model for Tracked Vehicles and Its Validation: Its Adaptability via Stochastic Dynamic Programming

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3571 - 3582
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The design of an energy management strategy for a hybrid electric vehicle typically requires an estimate of requested power from the driver. If the driving cycle is not known a priori, stochastic methods, such as a Markov chain driver model (MCDM), must be employed. For tracked vehicles, the steering power, which is related to vehicle angular velocity, is a significant component of the driver dema... View full abstract»

• ### A Framework of Vehicle Trajectory Replanning in Lane Exchanging With Considerations of Driver Characteristics

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3583 - 3596
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This paper presents a control framework to address a typical vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) encountering scenario of lane exchanging with two vehicles traveling on contiguous lanes in the same direction and are maneuvered to exchange lanes. A trajectory generating model for lane-changing maneuver is integrated into the driver-vehicle system. Based on this system, both the risk of collision and the lane-... View full abstract»

• ### Design of Pedestrian Target Selection With Funnel Map for Pedestrian AEB System

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3597 - 3609
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Recently, numerous vehicles have been installed with an autonomous emergency braking (AEB) system for protecting pedestrians. This system helps in avoiding or reducing accidents by alerting the driver and controlling the automatic brake actuator before an accident. Moreover, the European New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) has stipulated AEB pedestrian systems as a standard requirement since 2016. T... View full abstract»

• ### Edge Position Detection of On-line Charged Vehicles With Segmental Wireless Power Supply

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3610 - 3621
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| |PDF (1857 KB)

Online charged electrical vehicles (EVs) with segmental wireless power supply obtain energy from power tracks without a physical cable contact while traveling. When a vehicle moves from one segmental track to another, the power supply coils should switch accordingly to provide energy continually at various positions. As the secondary coil fixed in the vehicle moves along the primary coil mounted i... View full abstract»

• ### Fuzzy Load Modeling of Plug-in Electric Vehicles for Optimal Storage and DG Planning in Active Distribution Network

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3622 - 3631
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| |PDF (911 KB) | HTML

Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charge challenges can be addressed by including their effects on the planning of distribution network components. The planning problem becomes more combinatorial when the uncertainty of PEVs is considered as well. In this paper, storage and distributed generation (DG) planning is considered as an option to deal with the problems arising from PEV uncertainty. The opti... View full abstract»

• ### Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for Thermal Management in Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3632 - 3644
Cited by:  Papers (1)
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A nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) for the thermal management (TM) of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is presented. TM in PHEVs is crucial to ensure high components' performance and durability in all possible climate scenarios. A drawback of accurate TM solutions is the higher electrical consumption due to the increasing number of low-voltage actuators used in the cooling circuit... View full abstract»

• ### Voltage Control for Enhanced Power Electronic Efficiency in Series Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3645 - 3658
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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The paper presents a dc-link voltage control scheme by which the power losses associated with the power electronic converters of a series hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) powertrain are reduced substantially. A dc-link commonly connects the three powertrain branches associated with series HEVs, presently interfaced by a three-phase rectifier, a three-phase inverter, and a dual-active bridge (DAB) dc-... View full abstract»

• ### Measuring Vehicle Velocity in Real Time Using Modulated Motion Blur of Camera Image Data

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3659 - 3673
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In this paper, a novel sensor system is presented for estimating the velocity using a modulated motion blur. By moving a camera mounted on the vehicle body with a specific pattern when the vehicle is moving, the blurred image includes the information of the vehicle velocity of the camera itself. It will be shown that the inclinations of motion blur in a scene are directly related to the velocity v... View full abstract»

• ### Reinforcement Learning-Based Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging With Forecasted Price

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3674 - 3684
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This paper proposes a novel demand response method that aims at reducing the long-term cost of charging the battery of an individual plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). The problem is cast as a daily decision-making problem for choosing the amount of energy to be charged in the PEV battery within a day. We model the problem as a Markov decision process (MDP) with unknown transition probabilities. A ba... View full abstract»

• ### Active Steering Actuator Fault Detection for an Automatically-Steered Electric Ground Vehicle

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3685 - 3702
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| |PDF (997 KB) | HTML

In this paper, we investigate the actuator fault detector design problem for an electric ground vehicle (EGV) that is equipped with an active front-wheel steering system. Since the EGV can be steered by a motor automatically, it is desired to design a fault detector for the steering actuator for safety reasons. A two degree of freedom lateral nonlinear vehicle model is established. The nonlinear v... View full abstract»

• ### Analysis, Prototyping, and Experimental Characterization of an Adaptive Hybrid Electromagnetic Damper for Automotive Suspension Systems

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3703 - 3713
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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In this paper, the concept of hybrid electromagnetic damping is explored and experimentally evaluated. The aim of the hybrid electromagnetic damping concept is to address the adaptive damping problem in vehicle suspension systems. In order to reach optimal performance, the damping characteristics of the vehicle suspension system must be capable of adaptively increasing or decreasing the amount of ... View full abstract»

• ### Active Vehicle Battery Equalization Scheme in the Condition of Constant-Voltage/Current Charging and Discharging

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3714 - 3723
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This paper presents a battery-equalization circuit and its control strategy. Energy storage inductors are applied in the circuit and their number is less than that of the switches. The topology is simple and easy to control. The antiparallel diode of the power switches can provide freewheeling path of the inductance current, and the energy can be transferred by switching. Battery charging and disc... View full abstract»

• ### An Efficient Regenerative Braking System Based on Battery/Supercapacitor for Electric, Hybrid, and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles With BLDC Motor

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3724 - 3738
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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Complementary features of batteries and supercapacitors can be effectively used in a hybrid energy storage system (HESS). The utilization of the HESS in electric vehicles (EVs) offers many advantages, such as efficient regenerative braking, battery safety, and improved vehicle acceleration. In this paper, a new regenerative braking system (RBS) is proposed for EVs with HESS and driven by brushless... View full abstract»

• ### Calibration of Nonlinear Crosstalk in MIMO Transmitter

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3739 - 3748
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Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques have been extensively used in modern wireless communications. The front-end nonlinearity coupled with crosstalk in a MIMO transmitter is much more complex than that in a single-input single-output (SISO) system. In this paper, we propose a nonlinear crosstalk calibration algorithm with the corresponding reference signal design. We start with the non... View full abstract»

• ### Optimization of Scalable Broadcast for a Large Number of Antennas

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3749 - 3764
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In this paper, for a system incorporating a large number of antennas, we address the optimal space-time coding of multimedia scalable sources, which require unequal target error rates in their bitstream. First, in terms of the number of antennas, we analyze the behavior of the crossover point of the outage probability curves for the vertical Bell Laboratories space-time (V-BLAST) architecture with... View full abstract»

• ### Low-Complexity OSIC Equalization for OFDM-Based Vehicular Communications

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3765 - 3776
| |PDF (1401 KB) | HTML

Vehicular communication systems are usually equipped with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transceivers that operate on rapidly changing radio propagation environments, which results in high Doppler and delay spreads. More specifically, in these environments, the experienced channels are doubly selective and introduce severe intercarrier interference (ICI) at the receiver. An effe... View full abstract»

• ### On Joint Pareto Frontier in Multiple Access and Relay Rate Regions With Rayleigh Fading

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3777 - 3786
| |PDF (511 KB) | HTML

To meet the growing demand for wireless traffic, various types of relay and heterogeneous networks have received attention in the recent literature. This paper focuses on novel norm balancing algorithms based on cost-reward formulations on multiple access channels (MACs), and the results are extended to decode-and-forward (DF) relay systems. The achievable rates by different users in multiuser sys... View full abstract»

• ### Channel Correlation Modeling and its Application to Massive MIMO Channel Feedback Reduction

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):3787 - 3797
Cited by:  Papers (1)
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In this paper, we propose a feedback information reduction technique for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. To this end, we analytically derive a covariance matrix of spatially correlated Rayleigh fading channels in closed form. The covariance matrix is expressed based on its statistics, including transmit and receive antennas' correlation factors, channel variance, and channel... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

The IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology is dedicated to the publication of peer-reviewed original contributions of research regarding the theory and practice of electrical and electronics technology in vehicles and vehicular systems.

Full Aims & Scope

## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nei Kato, Professor
Graduate School of Information Sciences (GSIS)
Tohoku University
Aramaki-Aoba 6-3-09, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8579, JAPAN
Email: kato@it.is.tohoku.ac.jp