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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 4 • Date Winter 1994

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Displaying Results 1 - 5 of 5
  • The origins of computer programming

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):6 - 14
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1410 KB)

    This article describes some of the early developments that can now be viewed as steps toward the development of program control and the modern concept of a stored program. In particular, it discusses early automatic devices, Babbage's contributions set against a background of the technology of his day, the contributions of some of his direct successors, and the genesis of the stored-program idea.<... View full abstract»

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  • The early history of REXX

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):15 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1041 KB)

    REXX is a procedural language with many novel features. Its goal was to make programming easier in the belief that getting the design right for people to use is more important than providing for easy implementation. REXX development depended on the use of electronic mail. As a result, and perhaps uniquely for a programming language, there is an essentially complete historical record of the design ... View full abstract»

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  • Compiling SIMULA: a historical study of technological genesis

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):25 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1442 KB)

    This article traces the history of the programming language SIMULA from the 1950s into the 1970s, focusing in particular on the formative years between 1962 and 1967. It offers no technical appraisal of the language per se. Rather, it is a sociotechnical analysis aimed at exploring the broader history of the SIMULA project. The article asserts that technological change should be studied in a conte... View full abstract»

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  • A history of data-flow languages

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):38 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (48)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2314 KB)

    Data-flow refers both to a language-level paradigm of computation and to a family of processor architectures based on this paradigm. This article elaborates data-flow language issues and the evolution of data-flow languages. In considering limits to the expressive power of these languages, underlying architectural issues are discussed. Although the article attempts to present a complete history of... View full abstract»

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  • Arming American scientists: NSF and the provision of scientific computing facilities for universities, 1950-1973

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):60 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1670 KB)

    This article discusses the role of the US National Science Foundation in the provision of scientific computing facilities for colleges and universities in the period 1950 to 1973. In this period, the NSF played a major role in establishing computing facilities on American campuses for the purposes of scientific research and science education. By the end of this period, most of these programs at NS... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu