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Computer

Issue 5 • Date May 1994

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Displaying Results 1 - 10 of 10
  • Public Windows Interface supporters aim to standardize leading desktop API

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):92 - 93
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Public Windows Interface (PWI) is an effort by several computer industry leaders to ensure that the Microsoft Windows application programming interface (API) moves into the world of open systems. By formalizing the existing API as a standard, PWI will provide a snapshot to which developers can refer and upon which they can build their applications. By making PWI an open standard, all parties will ... View full abstract»

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  • When client/server isn't enough: coordinating multiple distributed tasks

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):73 - 79
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (799 KB)

    Computing in a distributed environment for multitasked cooperative work is a promising area that presents many coordination issues. Our prototype system implements a three-layer architecture to provide greater control and flexibility in the distributed multitasking environment. The architecture includes a groupware server, application servers, and clients. The architecture can be further refined t... View full abstract»

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  • Multigroup decision-support systems in CSCW

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):67 - 72
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (609 KB)

    Research in computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) has concentrated on developing techniques and support systems for groups of tightly coupled individuals focused on activities such as group writing and design development. A natural extension involves group decision-support systems (GDSS) that can assist multiple groups working in different places at different times. Our work extends the GDSS ... View full abstract»

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  • Collaborative systems: solving the vocabulary problem

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):58 - 66
    Cited by:  Papers (22)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (990 KB)

    Vocabulary differences have created difficulties for on-line information retrieval systems and are even more of a problem in computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW), where collaborators with different backgrounds engage in the exchange of ideas and information. We have investigated two questions related to the vocabulary problem in CSCW. First, what are the nature and characteristics of the voc... View full abstract»

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  • Prototyping synchronous group applications

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):48 - 56
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (930 KB)

    Cooperative team-based activities are changing the nature of work. Current frameworks provide the necessary base communication and coordination tools but require application designers to handle low-level details such as defining a communication protocol. They also provide limited support for prototyping such applications and experimenting with alternative designs. We introduce a sharing style call... View full abstract»

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  • Architectural support for cooperative multiuser interfaces

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):37 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1130 KB)

    Computer support for cooperative work requires the construction of applications that support interaction by multiple users. The highly dynamic and flexible nature of cooperative work makes the need for rapid user-interface prototyping a central concern. We have designed and developed a software architecture that provides mechanisms to support rapid multiuser-interface construction and distributed ... View full abstract»

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  • CSCW tools: concepts and architectures

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):28 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (63)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1006 KB)

    Building efficient frameworks for computer-supported cooperative work requires different approaches. The combination of CSCW transparency and awareness produces an advanced environment adaptable to specific applications. The authors provide a CSCW taxonomy that defines and describes criteria for identifying CSCW systems and serves as a basis for defining CSCW system requirements. They consider how... View full abstract»

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  • Computer-supported cooperative work: history and focus

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):19 - 26
    Cited by:  Papers (235)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (987 KB)

    CSCW and groupware emerged in the 1980s from shared interests among product developers and researchers in diverse fields. Today, it must overcome the difficulties of multidisciplinary interaction. This article describes the people and the work found under the CSCW umbrella. Issues considered include: research and design areas, software development, office automation, small-group versus systems app... View full abstract»

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  • Computer supported cooperative work

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):15 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (21)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (317 KB)

    As the information highway becomes a reality and appropriate hardware and software become readily available, anyone using a computer will be able to engage in some form of computer-supported cooperative work within the next few years. However, much work remains to be done to bring computer supported cooperative work (CSCW) into everyday use, including: developing user-friendly software; addressing... View full abstract»

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  • Software challenges: the weakest link in the software engineering chain

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):10 - 11
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (315 KB)

    The author compares the performance of software project managers and software technical personnel for five basic activities. Automation does not guarantee success in performing project management functions, but the absence of any automation often correlates with missed or delayed schedules, poor or marginal quality, cost overruns, cancelled projects and the other classical trauma situations of the... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed articles written for and by computer researchers and practitioners representing the full spectrum of computing and information technology, from hardware to software and from emerging research to new applications. 

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Sumi Helal
University of Florida
sumi.helal@gmail.com