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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 9 • Date Sept. 1993

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Displaying Results 1 - 21 of 21
  • Display terminals as you like them FMS

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):35 - 37
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (622 KB)

    The outcome of a decision by Applied Digital Data Systems Inc. (ADDS), a terminal manufacturer, to relocate to the US is discussed. A key aspect of ADDS strategy was the development of a flexible, just-in-time (JIT) system with built-in quality assurance. Also crucial was the understanding that quality assurance required the best efforts possible from ADDS employees and suppliers. ADDS focuses squ... View full abstract»

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  • 200 years to CIM

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):26 - 27
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (282 KB)

    The evolution of manufacturing technology over the last 200 years is described. The stages identified in this evolution are the English system of manufacture, the American system of manufacture, scientific management, process improvement, numerical control, and computer integrated manufacture (CIM).<> View full abstract»

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  • A quick look at rapid prototyping

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):28 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (298 KB)

    A recent experience with rapid prototyping at Sandia National Laboratories, using stereolithography and selective laser sintering equipment, as part of a technology transfer program to produce a bicycle crank arm for a local bike shop is described. A process for creating a wax model in only five days, versus several months by traditional methods, is sketched. An experience at Sundstrand Aerospace'... View full abstract»

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  • Beyond lean: an essay (mass production)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):67 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (335 KB)

    The authors take issue with the belief that traditional mass production has been superseded by a single new kind of 'lean' organization invented in Japan and now diffusing throughout the advanced countries. They maintain that national differences in corporate strategy and organization will necessarily extend right through production. They look at the ways in which US and European firms are reorgan... View full abstract»

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  • Bicycles on a personalized basis FMS

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):32 - 35
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (658 KB)

    The use of a flexible manufacturing system by Japan's National Bicycle Industrial Co. to build semicustom bicycles to customer specifications is described. The diamond-shaped frame is built to the purchaser's individual measurements and style of riding and fitted with the purchaser's choice of components (gears, pedals, brakes, handlebars) and accessories. A computer generates a CAD/CAM mechanical... View full abstract»

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  • Concurrent engineering

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):56 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1016 KB)

    The conceptual modeling of whole enterprises in enough detail to distinguish among subtle differences in products, processes, and organizations is discussed. Two case studies in which enterprise modeling was combined with a redesign of a process or product to shrink the time to market are presented. One involved miniature circuit breakers, and the other involved medium-voltage switchgear.<> View full abstract»

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  • Design for assembly

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):53 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (458 KB)

    The development and use of a software program that not only predicts a board's cost but also provides indices of its manufacturability, called PCB Design for Assembly (PCB/DFA), are described. The software is intended to reduce design cycle time and manufacturing cost. Well before placement and routing, it quickly generates 'on paper' alternative board designs that would be economical to manufactu... View full abstract»

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  • Design for manufacture

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):51 - 53
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (457 KB)

    The application of the design for manufacture (DFM) approach to the design of printed circuit boards is discussed. A system of design rules is used to ensure that designs meet manufacturing-related needs. The rules capture the requirements of factory processes, so that the needs of manufacturing are considered automatically in the design process. Further, they are flexible, and can be easily adapt... View full abstract»

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  • Extension programs help small US firms

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):73 - 75
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (487 KB)

    Manufacturing assistance programs at the state and federal levels are examined. The US government has in the past year earmarked some US $350 million for programs intended to improve manufacturing. These funds have generally been targeted at small and mid-sized manufacturing enterprises with less than 500 employees. State programs are of three types: active programs, which include services from te... View full abstract»

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  • Hitting the road with manufacturing know-how (education)

    Publication Year: 1993
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (181 KB)

    The mobile Manufacturing Technologies Laboratory (MTL), a program that takes technology education to students, is described. The program was introduced by the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS) consortium, a public and private partnership whose goal is to improve US competitiveness through collaborative R&D, in 1992. Twelve modules have been developed: CAD, CAM, computerized numeric... View full abstract»

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  • Intelligent manufacturing

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):82 - 84
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (483 KB)

    A description is given of a feasibility study launched by the international manufacturing community to establish a framework for an international, collaborative program focusing on such developments as an intelligent manufacturing system (IMS) or next-generation advanced manufacturing technologies. A second goal is to determine whether an international collaborative program in this area can be cre... View full abstract»

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  • International actions (manufacturing practices)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):63 - 66
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (727 KB)

    Environmentally oriented manufacturing practices are examined. The efforts of the electronics industry in Europe, Japan, and the US to establish an exemplary leadership position in environmental protection compliance and progress are described. Design-for-environment (DFE) programs, which call for the careful inclusion of environmentally safe attributes in the early design stages of new products, ... View full abstract»

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  • Japan looks after the little guys (manufacturing industries)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):70 - 73
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (623 KB)

    The aid and support given to small manufacturers in Japan is described. It ranges from government-sponsored technology centers with large engineering staffs, which serve as free or almost free resources from companies with 300 workers or less, to favorable loans, credit guarantees, equipment leasing assistance, and tax incentives for new technology investments. These hundreds of thousands of small... View full abstract»

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  • Manufacturing systems simulated

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):60 - 62
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (469 KB)

    Manufacturing system simulations performed at the IBM Electronic Card Assembly and Test (ECAT) facility are examined to show how this approach works to improve cycle time and customer service. Simulation was used to determine what could be done in the short run to improve the throughput of a line for manufacturing high-volume token ring adaptor cards used in PCs and workstations. Sophisticated sim... View full abstract»

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  • Master's programs and more (manufacturing education)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):76 - 81
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1094 KB)

    The growth in the number of educational programs in manufacturing in the US, Japan, and Europe is examined. Undergraduate programs are described, and differences are noted. Master's programs in the US are then discussed.<> View full abstract»

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  • Pocket pagers in lots of one CIM

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):29 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (583 KB)

    The Fusion program, a method for agile, flexible computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) at Motorola's Paging Products Group, is discussed. Fusion's CIM and automated assembly system can manufacture a wide variety of different products on the same production line. The development of the Fusion program and how it differs from its predecessor, the Bandit program, are described.<> View full abstract»

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  • Six-sigma design (quality control)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):43 - 47
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (731 KB)

    The approach to customer satisfaction taken at Motorola is described. It is based on two conclusions derived from various studies: A product is built in the shortest time and at the lowest cost if no mistake is made in the process; and if no defect can be found anywhere in the process of building a product for the customer, then the customer probably will not find one either. Beginning in 1987, Mo... View full abstract»

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  • Technology, people, and management

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):68 - 69
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (367 KB)

    The roles played by advanced technology, personnel, and management in fostering success in manufacturing are examined. Evidence indicating that technology is a proven source of productivity growth in manufacturing is cited. However, it is argued that the flexibility embedded in new manufacturing technologies is worthless unless it can be exploited by the organization, in other words, by the people... View full abstract»

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  • Total quality management

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):47 - 50
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (602 KB)

    The use of total quality management (TQM), which creates a system of management procedures that focuses on customer satisfaction and transforms the corporate culture so as to guarantee continual improvement, is discussed. The team approach essential to its implementation is described. Two case studies of applying TQM at AT&T are presented.<> View full abstract»

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  • When people are too large and dirty (manufacturing computer control)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):39 - 42
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (627 KB)

    The manufacture of items with such stringent precision and cleanliness requirements that they cannot be assembled by human beings is addressed. The development of highly engineered compliant (springy) robot wrists, called remote center compliances (RCCs), that permit close clearance parts to be assembled with almost no contact force is described. An assembly system for inertial instruments that au... View full abstract»

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  • Growing an automated production line

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):37 - 39
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (483 KB)

    The operation of the line on which Allen-Bradley Co. manufactures its World Contract products is described. The design development of this flexible computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) facility are examined. The system control architecture is discussed. Several system upgrades are also described.<> View full abstract»

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