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Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE

Issue 1 • Date Jan.-Mar. 2014

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Displaying Results 1 - 15 of 15
  • Table of contents

    Page(s): c2 - 1
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  • From the Editor's Desk

    Page(s): 2 - 3
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  • Reconsidering the Stored-Program Concept

    Page(s): 4 - 17
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    The first in a three-part series in IEEE Annals, this article gives a historical explanation of the endemic confusion surrounding the stored-program concept. The authors suggest the adoption of more precisely defined alternatives to capture specific aspects of the new approach to computing associated with the 1945 work of von Neumann and his collaborators. The second article, "Engineering--The Miracle of the ENIAC: Implementing the Modern Code Paradigm,"' examines the conversion of ENIAC to use the modern code paradigm identified in this article. The third, "Los Alamos Bets on ENIAC: Nuclear Monte Carlo Simulations, 1947-1948,"' examines in detail the first program written in the new paradigm to be executed. View full abstract»

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  • Computing in Transition: The Origins of Barcelona's School of Informatics, 1976-1984

    Page(s): 18 - 29
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    This article analyses the establishment of the first computer science university degrees in Catalonia in 1976 in a context of political transition to democracy in Spain. Based on an oral history project and the examination of the school's archives, the authors show that the development of Barcelona' School of Informatics was the result of policymaking a powerful association of informatics technicians that pushed the government and academy for formal studies inside the university. View full abstract»

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  • The History of NOMAD: A Fourth Generation Language

    Page(s): 30 - 38
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    Nomad, a major 4th generation language, was designed and implemented by National CSS, a principal time-sharing company in the 1970s. The author, one of the team members who developed Nomad, provides the background of the company and describes their use of Ramis as a significant contributor to the company's revenue. After Mathematica's decision to change the price of Ramis, the decision was made to set up "skunk works" to build not just a replacement, but a far better product. The author then describes the Nomad development process, the contributions made by the team members, how the product was named, how it was used, and its history up to the present. View full abstract»

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  • Early Commercial Electronic Distribution of Software

    Page(s): 39 - 51
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    Commercial electronic distribution of software (EDS) originated in the second half of the 1970s. By the early 1980s, several North American and European companies were already distributing software using common communications networks. However, it would take two more decades before EDS would become the foremost software delivery model. This article charts the development of the early commercial EDS industry in North America, focusing on cable television-based, direct-to-home services. View full abstract»

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  • Messaging in the Early SDC Time-Sharing System

    Page(s): 52 - 57
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    In the early 1960s, the time-sharing computer at the System Development Corporation had several messaging commands through which remotely logged in users communicated with one another and with the system operator. These commands were used for system operation and for sending information to remote users. They also permitted collaborative work such as joint debugging of multi-author programs, an activity now associated with the Internet. These capabilities appear to be the earliest documented implementation of text messaging and were in use before electronic mail was developed for time-sharing systems. View full abstract»

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  • Steve Furber [Interviews]

    Page(s): 58 - 68
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    Steve Furber has made major contributions to both the processor architecture and neural networks fields. He was one of the developers of the Acorn RISC Machine microprocessor, which was the basis for the ARM processors that are now so common in cell phones. He also developed the SpiNNaker system that greatly expanded the power of neural networks. For these contributions, he received the 2013 IEEE Computer Society Pioneer Award. In this interview, David Alan Grier and Furber talk about his early interests, his industry and academic careers, the SpiNNaker project, and developments in the microarchitecture and neural networks fields. View full abstract»

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  • Reviews [5 books reviewed]

    Page(s): 69 - 73
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  • War Stories of an IBM Salesman, 1974-1981

    Page(s): 74 - 78
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  • Times Have Changed

    Page(s): 79 - 81
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  • Events and Sightings

    Page(s): 82 - 84
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  • Simple Problems

    Page(s): 88
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  • Membership Matters [Advertisement]

    Page(s): c3
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  • IEEE Computer Society - Rock stars of mobile cloud [future event]

    Page(s): c4
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Aims & Scope

From the analytical engine to the supercomputer, from Pascal to von Neumann, from punched cards to CD-ROMs -- theIEEE Annals of the History of Computing covers the breadth of computer history.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Lars Heide
Copenhagen Business School
Centre for Business History