# IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

## Issue 1  Part 3 • Feb. 2014

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1  | Part 2

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 30

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):C1 - 510
| PDF (168 KB)
• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s): C2
| PDF (137 KB)
• ### Online Software Time Calibration for a Continuous Air Shower Array

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):511 - 517
| | PDF (963 KB) | HTML

Time calibration is a crucial item for a shower array performance as it uses the time of flight method to reconstruct the arrival direction of the primary particle. This paper presents a software time calibration algorithm exploiting the continuous detector feature and based on the assumption of locally flat shower front; accordingly, taken a small portion of the detector (tens of m2), ... View full abstract»

• ### Energy and DOI Calibrations for High Spatial Resolution CZT Detectors

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):518 - 527
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In this paper we investigate the energy calibration methods of a high spatial resolution CdZnTe pixel detector, across a wide energy range, along with a fine estimation of the depth of interaction (DOI). A 24 × 24 CdZnTe detector (160 μm pixel size, 300 μm pitch) is successfully calibrated in energy, from 32 keV to 662 keV, dealing with three effects, which have a strong impac... View full abstract»

• ### A Spin-Light Polarimeter for Multi-GeV Longitudinally Polarized Electron Beams

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):528 - 537
| | PDF (1913 KB) | HTML

The physics program at the upgraded Jefferson Lab (JLab) and the physics program envisioned for the proposed electron-ion collider (EIC) include large efforts to search for interactions beyond the Standard Model (SM) using parity violation in electroweak interactions. These experiments require precision electron polarimetry with an uncertainty of <; 0.5%. The spin dependent Synchrotron radiatio... View full abstract»

• ### Beam Position and Phase Measurement System for the Proton Accelerator in ADS

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):538 - 545
Cited by:  Papers (1)
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A prototype of a beam position and phase measurement system is designed for the proton accelerator in the China Accelerator Driven Sub-critical system (ADS). The signals from the Beam Position Monitor (BPM) detector are narrow pulses with a repetition frequency of 162.5 MHz and the input amplitude would vary for more than 40 dB. By applying the high-speed high-resolution analog-to-digital conversi... View full abstract»

• ### Precise Current Control in Accelerator Magnets with a Digital Feedback System

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):546 - 552
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (1286 KB) | HTML

It is important to control the magnet current for a high-intensity proton beam because the magnetic field error displaces the beam parameters (i.e., center of orbit, transverse tune, etc.) from the ideal values and such displacements cause severe beam loss. This issue is much more severe for synchrotrons because the magnetic field must be changed for acceleration. For more precise control of the p... View full abstract»

• ### Assessment of a Low-Power 65 nm CMOS Technology for Analog Front-End Design

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):553 - 560
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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This work is concerned with the study of the analog properties of MOSFET devices belonging to a 65 nm CMOS technology with emphasis on intrinsic voltage gain and noise performance. This node appears to be a robust and promising solution to cope with the unprecedented requirements set by silicon vertex trackers in experiments upgrades and future colliders as well as by imaging detectors at light so... View full abstract»

• ### Design and FPGA Implementation of High-Speed, Fixed-Latency Serial Transceivers

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):561 - 567
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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Fixed-latency serial links are important components of the distributed measurement and control systems. However, most high-speed Serializer-Deserializer (SerDes) chips do not keep the same link latency after each power-up or reset. In this paper, we propose a fixed-latency serial transceiver based on dynamic clock phase shifting and changeable delay tuning technologies. Our solution can process al... View full abstract»

• ### A 10-b 50-MSPS Low Power Pipeline ADC for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays Detection

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):568 - 573
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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The upgrade of the Pierre Auger Observatory required a larger number of detectors that implies a dramatic increase of the power consumption. As the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is the most critical circuit block, an integrated solution is here proposed. A 10 b 50-MSps 5-stage pipeline ADC is implemented in 65 nm digital CMOS. It achieves 50.3 dB signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SNDR), 52... View full abstract»

• ### Monte Carlo Interpretation of the Photon Heating Measurements in the Integral AMMON/REF Experiment in the EOLE Facility

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):574 - 583
Cited by:  Papers (9)
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An experiment named AMMON is dedicated to the analysis of the neutron and photon physics of the Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR). AMMON, performed in the EOLE zero-power experimental reactor at CEA Cadarache, is finished since April 2013. Photon heating measurements were performed with both Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (TLD-400s) and Optically-Stimulated Dosimeters (OSLDs) in three AMMON configuration... View full abstract»

• ### Efficient Reduction of Piled-Up Events in Gamma-Ray Spectrometry at High Count Rates

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):584 - 589
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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When dealing with high count rate γ-ray spectrometry, the pile-up phenomenon is an important obstacle to high detection efficiency and good energy resolution. In traditional pulse processing piled-up events are rejected to preserve good energy resolution at the expense of detection efficiency. This is especially problematic in in-beam γ-ray spectrometry, where searching for coinciden... View full abstract»

• ### FPGA Implementation of an Efficient Algorithm for the Calculation of Charged Particle Trajectories in Cosmic Ray Detectors

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):590 - 595
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This paper presents an FPGA implementation of an algorithm, previously published, for the the reconstruction of cosmic rays' trajectories and the determination of the time of arrival and velocity of the particles. The accuracy and precision issues of the algorithm have been analyzed to propose a suitable implementation. Thus, a 32-bit fixed-point format has been used for the representation of the ... View full abstract»

• ### A New Uniform Calibration Method for Double-Sided Silicon Strip Detectors

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):596 - 601
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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We proposed and implemented a new uniform calibration approach for double-sided silicon strip detector, named the self-calibration method (SCM). This method uses the strips on one side of the detector as references, to calibrate the strips on the other side, and vice versa. This calibration method has the inherent advantages that it can be run during the experiment corresponding exactly to the req... View full abstract»

• ### Development of an Efficient Identifier for Nuclear Power Plant Transients Based on Latest Advances of Error Back-Propagation Learning Algorithm

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):602 - 610
Cited by:  Papers (8)
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This study aims to improve the performance of nuclear power plants (NPPs) transients training and identification using the latest advances of error back-propagation (EBP) learning algorithm. To this end, elements of EBP, including input data, initial weights, learning rate, cost function, activation function, and weights updating procedure are investigated and an efficient neural network is develo... View full abstract»

• ### Strip Detectors Processed on High-Resistivity 6-inch Diameter Magnetic Czochralski Silicon (MCz-Si) Substrates

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):611 - 618
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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Tracking detectors for future high-luminosity particle physics experiments have to be simultaneously radiation hard and cost efficient. This paper describes processing and characterization of p+ /n-/n+ (n-type silicon bulk) detectors made of high-resistivity Magnetic Czochralski silicon (MCz-Si) substrates with 6-inch wafer diameter. The processing was carried out ... View full abstract»

• ### System Design Framework and Methodology for Xilinx Virtex FPGA Configuration Scrubbers

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):619 - 629
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (1963 KB) | HTML

SRAM-based FPGAs, like Xilinx Virtex series, are susceptible to ionizing radiation and require configuration memory scrubbing in order to be used in harsh radiation environments. The scrubbing is typically performed by a scrubber device external to the FPGA (via configuration ports). A design framework and methodology for such scrubbers is described in this paper. The framework is based on SystemC... View full abstract»

• ### Evolution of Deep Level Centers in NPN Transistors Following 35 MeV Si Ion Irradiations With High Fluence

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):630 - 635
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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The properties of deep level centers have been researched on the base-collector junctions of 3DG110 silicon NPN bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) irradiated by 35 MeV silicon (Si) ions with different fluence. The Gummel curve is utilized to characterize the degradation of current gain at a given fluence. 35 MeV Si ions with high fluence can induce high levels of damage on current gain of 3DG110 ... View full abstract»

• ### Gamma and Proton-Induced Dark Current Degradation of 5T CMOS Pinned Photodiode $0.18~muhbox{m}$ CMOS Image Sensors

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):636 - 645
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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The radiation tolerance of a 0.18 μm technology CMOS commercial image sensor has been evaluated with Co60 and proton irradiations. The effects of protons on the hot pixels and dynamic bias and duty cycle conditions during gamma irradiations are studied. View full abstract»

• ### Calculating the Soft Error Vulnerabilities of Combinational Circuits by Re-Considering the Sensitive Area

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):646 - 653
Cited by:  Papers (12)
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Concepts of effective sensitive area and effective SET pulse width are proposed to model the actual sensitive area. Simulation results present that the soft error vulnerabilities got by using the effective sensitive area can be almost an order larger than the ones got by using the normal approach when the ion LET is 30 MeV ·cm2/mg. And heavy-ion experiments are conducted to demon... View full abstract»

• ### Portable Active Collimation Imager Using URA Patterned Scintillator

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):654 - 662
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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A portable active collimator using systematically patterned scintillators was constructed and its performance evaluated. In the conventional passive radiation collimation method, single or multiple holes are used to limit radiation reaching a detector while radiation scattered in the collimator is not used. However in active collimation where one replaces the passive collimator with a radiation de... View full abstract»

• ### Design and Tests of the Vertically Integrated Photon Imaging Chip

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):663 - 674
Cited by:  Papers (16)  |  Patents (1)
| | PDF (2043 KB) | HTML

The Vertically Integrated Photon Imaging Chip (VIPIC) project explores opportunities of the three-dimensional integration for imaging of X-rays. The design details of the VIPIC1 chip are presented and are followed by results of testing of the chip. The VIPIC1 chip was designed in a 130 nm process, in which through silicon vias are embedded right after the front-end-of-line processing. The integrat... View full abstract»

• ### A Versatile Readout System for Small to Medium Scale Gaseous and Silicon Detectors

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):675 - 682
Cited by:  Papers (9)
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This paper presents the design and performance of a readout system for gaseous and silicon detectors built for the Minos nuclear physics experiment. A major constraint was to provide a multi-thousand channel, high performance readout system with low manpower effort and tight cost. This was achieved by the re-use of some earlier ASIC and front-end card (FEC) developments, the design of a new digita... View full abstract»

• ### The Effect of Self-Absorption on the Scintillation Properties of ${\rm Ce}^{3+}$ Activated ${\rm LaBr}_{3}$ and ${\rm CeBr}_{3}$

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):683 - 688
Cited by:  Papers (7)
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Experimental studies of LaBr3 doped with 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% Ce3+ and CeBr3 are performed for application in TOF-PET. X-ray excited emission spectra, decay time constants, photoelectron yields and energy resolutions are measured from 100 K to 600 K. The results show a strong temperature and Ce3+ concentration dependence, which is mostly explained by Ce<... View full abstract»

• ### Electrical and Optical Studies of Deep Levels in Nominally Undoped Thallium Bromide

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):689 - 694
| | PDF (720 KB) | HTML

Photo-induced conductivity transient spectroscopy (PICTS) and cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements were performed on nominally undoped detector grade samples of TlBr. In PICTS measurements, nine traps were detected in the temperature range 80-250 K using four-gate analysis. Five of the traps are tentatively identified as electron traps, and four as hole traps. CL measurements yielded two broad pe... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

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## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Paul Dressendorfer
11509 Paseo del Oso NE
Albuquerque, NM  87111  USA