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# IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

## Issue 2  Part 2 • April 2013

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 36

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):C1 - 1254
| PDF (166 KB)
• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s): C2
| PDF (137 KB)
• ### Design of the Front-End Readout Electronics for ATLAS Tile Calorimeter at the sLHC

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1255 - 1259
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (1096 KB) | HTML

We present a detailed upgrade design of the analog front-end electronics for the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter (TileCal) at the sLHC. Here we use the latest commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. We believe that with the latest technology based COTS devices, significant improvements in radiation tolerance are possible. The front-end analog electronics provides 17-bit dynamic range for readout of the... View full abstract»

• ### CMS Silicon Strip Tracker Monitoring

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1260 - 1264
| | PDF (536 KB) | HTML

The CMS Silicon Strip Tracker is the largest detector of its kind ever operated, with a silicon surface area of about 200 m2. The Silicon Strip Tracker is the sub-detector with the highest number of detector modules within the CMS experiment. Given the complexity of the device, a variety of tools were developed and are used to determine the status of the detector in real time and allow ... View full abstract»

• ### Pixel Advisor: An Expert System for the ATLAS Pixel Detector Control System

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1265 - 1271
| | PDF (1173 KB) | HTML

Since December 2009, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and its four main experiments are taking physics data. Each of those four experiments consists of sub-detectors, which are responsible for energy, momentum and particle trajectory measurements. As the innermost sub-detector of the ATLAS experiment, the Pixel detector provides precise measurements of momenta and trajectories of charged particles,... View full abstract»

• ### Ion Beam Acceleration With Radio Frequency Powered Rainbow Lens

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1272 - 1279
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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The electrostatic quadrupole lens, quadrupole accelerator and square rainbow lens as well as radio frequency quadrupole accelerator all have similar structure with four rod-like electrodes. Unlike the last one, which is powered by the alternating voltage, the first three are electrostatic devices. Each two adjacent electrodes of a common electrostatic lens have equal magnitude and opposite signs o... View full abstract»

• ### ISHN Ion Source Control System. First Steps Toward an EPICS Based ESS-Bilbao Accelerator Control System

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1280 - 1288
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (1177 KB) | HTML

ISHN (Ion Source Hydrogen Negative) consists of a Penning type ion source in operation at ESS-Bilbao facilities. From the control point of view, this source is representative of the first steps and decisions taken towards the general control architecture of the whole accelerator to be built. The ISHN main control system is based on a PXI architecture, under a real-time controller which is programm... View full abstract»

• ### Super-Altro 16: A Front-End System on Chip for DSP Based Readout of Gaseous Detectors

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1289 - 1295
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (835 KB) | HTML

This paper presents the architecture, design and test results of an ASIC specifically designed for the readout of gaseous detectors. The primary application is the readout of the Linear Collider Time Projection Chamber. The small area available (4 mm2 /channel) requires an innovative design, where sensitive analog components and massive digital functionalities are integrated on the same... View full abstract»

• ### Analog Circuit for Timing Measurements With Large Area SiPMs Coupled to LYSO Crystals

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1296 - 1302
Cited by:  Papers (24)
| | PDF (888 KB) | HTML

The most common method for time pick-off from signals coming from SiPMs coupled to scintillator crystals in PET applications is the Leading Edge Triggering. In this work we propose a new filtering scheme to be applied before the discriminator. It implements a type of baseline compensation aimed at the reduction of the time jitter due to the dark counts of the detector and is based on a simple anal... View full abstract»

• ### Radiation-Tolerant Code-Density Calibration of Nyquist-Rate Analog-to-Digital Converters

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1303 - 1310
| | PDF (602 KB) | HTML

A radiation-tolerant analog-to-digital converter (ADC) calibration algorithm based on measuring and correcting the code-density histogram of the converter under calibration is presented. The algorithm constructs a histogram of the ADC response to a linear ramp and stores the calculated correction coefficients in a lookup table. The algorithm uses techniques to increase tolerance to soft errors bot... View full abstract»

• ### Ultra-Thin Silicon Nitride X-Ray Windows

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1311 - 1314
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (870 KB) | HTML

We have demonstrated the fabrication of ultra-thin Si fine grid supported silicon nitride X-ray windows. These X-ray windows exhibit unequaled transmission of soft X-rays, high strength and excellent thermal stability. Measured soft X-ray transmission performance is significantly enhanced compared to typical polymer or beryllium based X-ray window structures. A double sided grid structure is used ... View full abstract»

• ### Iterative Estimation of Location and Trajectory of Radioactive Sources With a Networked System of Detectors

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1315 - 1326
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (2572 KB) | HTML

We consider the problem of estimating the parameters (location and intensity) of multiple radioactive sources using a system of radiation detectors. The problem formulated as maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) requires the optimization of a high-dimensional objective function and presents significant computational challenges. We propose Fisher's scoring iterations approach (a special case of Newt... View full abstract»

• ### SPRINTER: A New Detector System for the INTER Neutron Reflectometer

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1327 - 1331
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (877 KB) | HTML

The development and testing of the SuPerior Rate for INTER (SPRINTER) detector is described. Based on a microstrip gas chamber (MSGC), the aim of the project was to produce a matched pair of high-counting-rate detectors capable of replacing the existing 3He tubes currently used on the INTER reflectometer of the ISIS spallation neutron source. The detector system is described, and the re... View full abstract»

• ### Nonlinear Adaptive Power-Level Control for Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1332 - 1345
Cited by:  Papers (18)
| | PDF (3815 KB) | HTML

After the Fukushima nuclear accident, much more attention has to be drawn on the safety issues. The improvement of safety has already become the focus of the developing trend of the nuclear energy systems. Due to the inherent safety feature and the potential economic competitiveness, the modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (MHTGR) has been seen as the central part of the next generation of... View full abstract»

• ### An Innovative Acoustic Sensor for In-Pile Fission Gas Composition Measurements

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1346 - 1353
| | PDF (1277 KB) | HTML

In this article we propose a new method able to determine the fission gas composition using in situ ultrasonic waves measurements. To do so an acoustic resonator was connected to a fuel rodlet, in order to perform speed of sound measurements of gas mixture (Helium and fission gases) inside the plenum. By using a dedicated signal processing the peaks due to resonant frequencies inside the gas mixtu... View full abstract»

• ### Total Dose Irradiation-Induced Degradation of Hysteresis Effect in Partially Depleted Silicon-on-Insulator NMOSFETs

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1354 - 1360
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (1445 KB) | HTML

In this work, we present a study of hysteresis effect degradation induced by total dose irradiation in partially depleted SOI nMOSFETs with floating bodies. In addition to traditional linear kink effect, evidence is provided for a new hysteresis effect which occurs in output characteristics during the forward and reverse sweeps. For the first time, it is shown that at a sufficiently high irradiati... View full abstract»

• ### Circuit and Measurement Technique for Radiation Induced Drift in Precision Capacitance Matching

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1361 - 1367
| | PDF (1287 KB) | HTML

In the design of radiation tolerant precision ADCs targeted for space market, a matched capacitor array is crucial. The drift of capacitance ratios due to radiation should be small enough not to cause linearity errors. Conventional methods for measuring capacitor matching may not achieve the desired level of accuracy due to radiation induced gain errors in the measurement circuits. In this work, w... View full abstract»

• ### Stimulation of Radiation Damage Recovery of Lead Tungstate Scintillation Crystals Operating in a High Dose-Rate Radiation Environment

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1368 - 1372
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| | PDF (774 KB) | HTML

Scintillation crystals of the lead tungstate family - PWO, PWO-II - became widely used in electromagnetic calorimeters in high energy physics experiments at high-luminosity accelerator facilities. During the operation of electromagnetic calorimeters a degradation of the optical transmission of these crystals occurs due to creation of color centers. In addition to the recharge by γ-radiation... View full abstract»

• ### Total-Dose Radiation Response of HfLaO Films Prepared by Plasma Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1373 - 1378
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1109 KB) | HTML

HfLaO and HfO2 films were deposited by plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD). PEALD makes in-situ plasma treatment possible, and the film growth temperature can be reduced. The films were characterized. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) indicated both films were amorphous. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) suggested that the interface layer was most... View full abstract»

• ### Displacement Damage in TiO $_{2}$ Memristor Devices

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1379 - 1383
Cited by:  Papers (13)
| | PDF (766 KB) | HTML

TiO2 memristor devices may be a promising candidate for radiation hardened next-generation memories. They have been shown to be tolerant to both gamma radiation and alpha particles. In this work, we expand on the radiation studies previously done and measure the response of a large number of TiO2 memristor test devices to both neutrons and protons. We also use simulations to ... View full abstract»

• ### Memory Reliability Analysis for Multiple Block Effect of Soft Errors

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1384 - 1389
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (674 KB) | HTML

Multiple bit upsets (MBU) are analyzed from the perspective of the number of accessed blocks (NAB) in multiple memory block structures. The NAB represents the number of accessed blocks for a single memory operation. Statistical model of the MBU with regards to the NAB is developed, and its correlation to the test results presented. The tests were performed with neutron irradiation facility at The ... View full abstract»

• ### 3D Millimeter Event Localization in Bulk Scintillator Crystals

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1390 - 1399
Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
| | PDF (1187 KB) | HTML

One of the primary goals of scintillator-based gamma-ray detector development is to obtain spatial resolutions in bulk crystals at the millimeter level in all three spatial dimensions. An even more challenging goal is to disentangle multiple simultaneous energy depositions with comparable spatial resolutions. We are exploring a new technique to achieve this level of performance through the use of ... View full abstract»

• ### Design and Implementation of a Mobile Radiological Emergency Unit Integrated in a Radiation Monitoring Network

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1400 - 1407
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (1811 KB) | HTML

The first hours elapsed after a radiological incident are critical to take appropriate actions to protect the population and to assess its impact on the environment. The development of mobile laboratories equipped with different radiation detectors, with robust communication systems, and with a highly autonomous uninterruptible power supply constitutes the spearhead of modern radiological warning ... View full abstract»

• ### High Resolution Gamma Ray Spectroscopy at MHz Counting Rates With LaBr$_{3}$ Scintillators for Fusion Plasma Applications

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1408 - 1415
Cited by:  Papers (31)
| | PDF (1097 KB) | HTML

High resolution γ-ray spectroscopy measurements at MHz counting rates were carried out at nuclear accelerators, combining a LaBr 3(Ce) detector with dedicated hardware and software solutions based on digitization and off-line analysis. Spectra were measured at counting rates up to 4 MHz, with little or no degradation of the energy resolution, adopting a pile up rejection algorith... View full abstract»

• ### Comparison of Lithium Gadolinium Borate Crystal Grains in Scintillating and Nonscintillating Plastic Matrices

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):1416 - 1426
Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
| | PDF (1904 KB) | HTML

We present a method for detecting neutrons using scintillating lithium gadolinium borate crystal grains in a plastic matrix while maintaining high gamma rejection. We have procured two cylindrical detectors, 5" × 5", containing 1% crystal by mass and with the crystal grains having a typical dimension of 1 mm. One detector was made with scintillating plastic, and one with nonscintillating pl... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

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## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Paul Dressendorfer
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