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Spectrum, IEEE

Issue 12 • Date Dec. 1986

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 27
  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 1 - 2
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 1 - 2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 4 - 7
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 8 - 9
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  • Book reviews

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 10 - 15
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  • Speakout

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 16 - 16H
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  • The engineer at large

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 17
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  • Innovations

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 18 - 19
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  • Program notes [reports of new computer programs]

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 20 - 21
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  • Video

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 22 - 24
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  • Spectral lines: One world

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 25
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (310 KB)  

    The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is unique. All other electrical engineering professional societies are nationalistic. The only other organization that could lay claim to the internationalism of the IEEE was one of its predecessors, the Institute of Radio Engineers. View full abstract»

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  • Can power engineering education be reenergized?: Enrollments are down, leading some educators to cry `crisis,¿ while the industry itself skims the cream of a smaller crop

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 26 - 31
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2318 KB)  

    The decline in power engineering education, as evidenced by shrinking funds for power education, a drying up of basic research at many schools, and warning student interest in the field, is examined. It is argued that this could lead to a critical shortage when the utility industry in the US emerges from its downturn, even though there is no serious shortage of power engineers at this time. Cooperative ventures in education by the industrial and academic sectors are described. View full abstract»

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  • Discrete-event simulation: When prototyping of large, complex systems is impossible, this technique, based on known behaviors of interacting elements, is useful

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 32 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1833 KB)  

    The authors describe how discrete-event simulation is used. The development of an abstract model of how the system to be simulated works, which is the first step in discrete-event simulation, is described. The system model itself can range from a basic conceptual type, such as a paper study of how the parts of a system are put together, to a precise set of mathematical relationships describing the system's behavior. Once the model has been specified and validated, a language-specific model and a corresponding simulation program are developed. The utilization of artificial intelligence techniques is examined, and the outlook for discrete-event simulation is considered. View full abstract»

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  • Recipe for reliability: Shake and bake: Environmental stress screening (ESS), a military convention, is moving into other markets as an inexpensive way to improve product reliability and identify design flaws

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 37 - 42
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2178 KB)  

    The migration of environmental stress screening (ESS), a military convention, into other markets is discussed. ESS provides an inexpensive way to improve product reliability and identify flaws. A well-designed ESS program, applied to both prototype designs and actual production units, adds little time to the production process, although time will be needed to rework items with defects. The use of ESS in the development of IBM's 4234 printer is examined. The differences between qualification testing and ESS for screening during production are discussed, as well as alternatives to ESS. The controversy in the ESS field over tight tolerances is described. To illustrate the value of ESS, its use at Lockheed-California Company in 1981, to screen switching logic units used in US Navy S-3A antisubmarine aircraft, is examined. View full abstract»

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  • Helping engineers help themselves: Although largely an individual responsibility, professional development affects a company's ability to retain top-notch professionals

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 43 - 47
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1925 KB)  

    The case for companies to assist their professional personnel in advancing their skills and knowledge is argued. The steps to be taken by management in implementing a professional development program are discussed. They are: diagnosing company need; interpreting the findings; matching job assignments; and transferring responsibilities. The reasons why managers are reluctant to discuss these issues are examined. View full abstract»

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  • How the promising PCC car was prematurely derailed: The U.S. electric streetcar industry failed to reap the rewards of its 1930s research, aimed at producing a revolutionary trolley car

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 48 - 51
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1587 KB)  

    This retrospective on transportation examines the case of the PCC (electric railway Presidents Conference Committee) streetcar of the 1930s, which was the world's first trolley designed under the system known as the scientific method and took five years to develop. A historical account of the design effort is given, and the factors that lead to the demise of the street car are examined. View full abstract»

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  • Subzero engineering: At ¿40°F, with the wind howling at 60 miles per hour over permanently frozen ground, unconventional engineering techniques were required

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 52 - 56
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    The author discusses his experiences while he was helping to build a radio station in Nome, Alaska. He describes the environmental factors that made the job difficult, and discusses the steps that were taken to contend with them. View full abstract»

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  • EEs' tools & toys

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 57 - 59
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 60 - 65
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  • IEEE tables of contents

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 66 - 68
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  • New and recent IEEE publications

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 69 - 70
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  • Papers are invited

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 71
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  • Scanning the Institute

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 72
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  • Coming in Spectrum

    Publication Year: 1986 , Page(s): 72 - 88
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