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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 9 • Sept. 1986

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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):1 - 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):4 - 7
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  • Reflections

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):8 - 11
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):12 - 15
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  • Book reviews

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):16 - 19
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  • Technically speaking

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):20 - 23
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  • Whatever happened to

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):24 - 25
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  • Spinoffs

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):26 - 27
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  • Managing technology

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):28 - 30
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  • Spectral lines: On good bosses

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 31
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    How often have you been exposed to conversations that suggest employees are unhappy with or displeased about their bosses? If you're a city dweller, you need only listen to exchanges between strangers as they commute to work on public transportation. Another good place to overhear complaints is the elevator. In urban areas, the car pool is an ideal spot to learn about the shortcomings of managers. View full abstract»

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  • Dubrovnik impasse puts high-definition TV on hold: A report on the turmoil in setting program standards concludes with a scenario for future developments

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):32 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
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    A report is presented on the turmoil in setting high-definition television (HDTV) program standards at the 16th Plenary Session of the Comite Consultatif International de Radiodiffusion (CCIR) in May 1986 at Dubrovnic, Yugoslavia. The HDTV system at issue was developed by NHK Research Laboratories in Tokyo, Japan, with a 5.3 aspect ratio that was later changed to 16.9 by the CCIR. It uses 1125 lin... View full abstract»

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  • Amorphous silicon: from promise to practice

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):38 - 43
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Extensive research in solar cells has provided the basic understanding of amorphous silicon that is enabling a variety of companies to utilize this material in a host of new products. A major advantage of amorphous over crystalline technology is the significantly reduced cost. The low cost of amorphous technology is such that some applications would not be economically feasible without it, such as... View full abstract»

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  • Optical-fiber sensors challenge the competition: Resistance to corrosion and immunity to interference head the list of benefits in detecting stimuli ranging from pressure to magnetism

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):44 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2971 KB)

    Optical-fiber sensors are reviewed for the measurement of temperature, pressure, acceleration, flow of liquids and gases, and the level of a liquid in a container. Optical-fiber sensors are making their first commercial appearance in measuring instruments and controls where such attributes as sensitivity, resistance to hostile environments, and compactness are essential. Through alteration of ligh... View full abstract»

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  • All-digital jets are taking off: Aboard developmental commercial and military aircraft, digital electronics score high in compactness, control flexibility, and reliability

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):51 - 56
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2413 KB)

    The key attributes of second-generation digital avionics systems are discussed. These are: increased integration, allowing more functions in less space; increased reliability through redundancy of components and systems and augmented fault-tolerance capabilities; and an improved man-machine interface, including such features as flat panels and voice controls. Examples of increased integration incl... View full abstract»

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  • JIT is made to order: Beginning with the obvious goal of cutting costs by reducing inventories, just-in-time production now embraces an assortment of sound industrial practices

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):57 - 62
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2089 KB)

    Just-in-time manufacturing (JIT), a technique that calls for the reduction of inventory by having materials ready at each point in the manufacturing process, is described. Viewed back-to-front, this translates into production and delivery of finished goods just in time to be sold, subassemblies just in time to be assembled into finished goods, fabricated parts just in time to go into subassemblies... View full abstract»

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  • The shrinking U.S. electric equipment market: What is eating away at U.S. manufacturers' share of the world market? An alleged European-Japanese cartel may be compounding the slowdown in U.S. growth

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):63 - 65
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    An analysis is presented of the shrinking US heavy electric-power equipment industry's share of world markets. The sectors most affected are those that make power generating equipment and power transformers with ratings higher than 10000 kilovolt-amperes. In the last several years, the combined markets were still more than $1 billion a year in the United States, according to the US Census Bureau. ... View full abstract»

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  • Awards/86: Prize papers and service awards

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 66
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):69 - 70
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  • New and recent IEEE publications

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):71 - 72
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  • IEEE tables of contents

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):73 - 76
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  • Papers are invited

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):77 - 83
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  • Scanning the Institute

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 84
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  • Coming in Spectrum

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 84
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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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