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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 3 • March 1986

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 27
  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):1 - 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):4 - 7
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  • Reflections

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 8
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):9 - 11
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  • Book reviews

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):12 - 15
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  • Technically speaking

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 16
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  • Spin-offs

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 17
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  • Best bits: Applications of microprocessors

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):18 - 21
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  • Managing technology

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):22 - 23
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  • Whatever happened to

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):24 - 30
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  • Spectral lines: In the line of duty

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 31
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (302 KB)

    Many of us did not know Judith Resnik or Gregory Jarvis personally. Yet there is pride for us in hearing the words ¿Judith Resnik, electrical engineer¿¿ and ¿Gregory Jarvis, electrical engineer¿.¿ View full abstract»

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  • How NASA prepared to cope with disaster: Extensive plans were in place to mitigate the effects of a shuttle failure, whether on the launch pad or aloft

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):32 - 36
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    In early February, in the wake of the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger a minute and a half after liftoff on the morning of Jan. 28, President Ronald Reagan appointed a commission to investigate the causes of the disaster. He has given the commission four months to analyze photographs of the scene, telemetry, debris, safety procedures, historical information, and other data to try to deter... View full abstract»

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  • Eyes for automatons: Faster, more accurate, and more consistent than humans can hope to be, machine vision systems are on their way to broad application

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):37 - 47
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4286 KB)

    The authors describe how machine vision adds a high level of flexibility to automation. They point out that only a few years ago, as robots begin replacing hard-automation machines-designed to carry out a specific task, many designers argued that robots did not need highly advanced `senses'. Once the position and orientation of parts as well as the timing of manufacturing steps had been determined... View full abstract»

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  • Zero-defect software: The elusive goal: It is theoretically possible but difficult to achieve; logic and interface errors are most common, but errors in user intent may also occur

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):47 - 53
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1956 KB)

    After briefly describing how software errors occur, the author surveys the methods and tools currently in use for improving software reliability. The steps required in developing zero-defect software are then outlined. The way in which formal definitions can improve productivity is discussed, as is the problem still posed by user intent. View full abstract»

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  • Fiber-optic gyroscopes: In harsh, confining environments this advanced gyroscope, a close cousin to the ring laser gyro, offers great advantages

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):54 - 60
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    After discussing the many advantages of fiber-optic gyroscopes, the authors survey the work being done on their development. This work involves countering errors in rotation rate, obtaining sensitivity and linear output, and searching for wide dynamic range. View full abstract»

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  • Helping computers communicate: The Open Systems Interconnection model promises compatibility for a variety of computer systems, although not all its functions are yet defined

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):61 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4326 KB)

    The possibilities opened up by the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model are discussed. It is noted that many of the protocols to implement OSI are now complete, and manufacturers offer products to implement some of the standards. The International Organization for Standardization will continue to expand the functions covered by OSI as new communications network architectures and technologies e... View full abstract»

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  • Robots for fun and profit: A new breed of experimenter is more artist than scientist, yet this work sometimes pays off handsomely

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):71 - 75
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1578 KB)

    The hobbyists' art of making robots has turned into serious fun. Many of the robots are not fully autonomous machines, and hence are not true robots by some definitions; they are mechanical contraptions operated by remote control. Sometimes esthetics is the primary ingredient: some roboticists see themselves more as artists than engineers, and their creations are to them electrified sculptures. So... View full abstract»

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  • A review of progress at MCC: Although its current objectives do not include 'beating Japan,' this U.S. organization is positioned to help industry do so

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):76 - 82
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2947 KB)

    The drums of publicity reverberated loudly when the Microelectronics & Computer Technology Corp. was formed - but not for long. After being set up in 1983 by 10 otherwise competing U.S. computer and semiconductor companies to upstage Japanese computer advances, MCC remained silent about its work. After declaring its goal - making the founding shareholders able to introduce 'fifth-generation' compu... View full abstract»

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  • EEs' tools & toys

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):83 - 86
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):87 - 92
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  • Papers are invited

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 93
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  • IEEE tables of contents

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s):94 - 102
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  • Scanning the Institute

    Publication Year: 1986, Page(s): 103
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