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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 5 • Date May 1981

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 26
  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s): 1
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s): 1
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):2 - 3
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):4 - 7
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):8 - 13
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  • The engineer at large

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):14 - 15
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  • Best bits: Applications of microprocessors

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):16 - 17
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3052 KB)

    Leading the blind: A miniature TV camera and a stimulator belt are part of a ¿talking¿ experimental microprocessor-based system that is being tested as a walking aid for blind persons. The prototype apparatus, being developed at the Smith-Kettlewell Institute of Visual Sciences in San Francisco, recognizes obstacles, describes them in synthesized speech, and indicates their direction and distanc... View full abstract»

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  • News from Washington

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s): 18
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  • Energy report

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):18 - 19
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  • Scanning the Institute

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s): 20
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  • Coming in Spectrum

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):20 - 21
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  • IEEE publications paper calls

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):22 - 24
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  • Spectral lines: Getting the story straight

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s): 25
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (210 KB)

    The challenge of unambiguous communication on technical matters between one engineer and another is difficult enough. Put a layman into the loop as a receiver, and the problems are magnified. View full abstract»

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  • Solid state: X-ray lithography breaks the submicrometer barrier; A new X-ray lithography system allowed Bell Labs engineers to make the smallest, fastest MOSFETs yet reported

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):26 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
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    Describes an X-ray lithography system which allowed Bell Labs. engineers to make MOSFETs with channel lengths of 0.3 to 0.4 micrometers, switching speeds of 30 to 75 picoseconds, and speed-power products of 5 femtojoules (5×10-15 Ws) to 50 femtojoules. The X-ray system is smaller, less expensive, and more reliable than previous X-ray systems, and it also has a higher throughput-p... View full abstract»

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  • Automotive electronics; Electronic fuel injection: Diesels are next: Auto producers turn to electronics to meet emission standards for diesel engines. It's tougher going compared with gasoline engines

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):30 - 34
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1087 KB)

    Mechanical and electronic controls for timing of injection relative to pistion position and the start of combustion are compared with regard to accuracy, resolution, control parameters and interactive capability. Microprocessor controlled systems for diesel engines are illustrated which control both fueling and injection timing and can provide additional functions such as cruise control, diagnosti... View full abstract»

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  • Aerospace: Navstar: The all-purpose satellite: The military sees Navstar as a way of keeping wide-ranging forces on target, and potential civilian users are showing interest too

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):35 - 40
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1703 KB)

    Discusses the developments and applications of the Navstar system, particularly in the fields of global navigation and position determination. The Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) is basically a military system but its potential for civilian use includes maritime, aviation and space applications. The function of the Navstar system and its main parts (satellites, ground stations and users' f... View full abstract»

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  • Military electronics: Electromagnetic pulses: Potential crippler: Three bombs, exploded in space over the U.S., could black out the nation, wipe out communications, and make computers useless

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):41 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1491 KB)

    Discusses the vulnerability of the United States to the effects of electromagnetic pulses (EMP) which will result from a nuclear attack. It is required that such EMP would destroy the entire electrical power grid, wipe out communications and make computers useless in the first minutes of an attack. The problems of EMP protection are discussed with regard to the United States nuclear policy. View full abstract»

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  • Computers: Microcomputer standards: Weighing the pros and cons: Standardization of microcomputer hardware and software has been slowed by manufacturers' vested interests

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):47 - 50
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (964 KB)

    Discusses problems encountered in the definition and publication of hardware and software standards, mainly due to the conflict of interests between users and producers of computing equipment and also due to institutional conflicts. The 1981 status of representative microcomputer standards is illustrated and standards under discussion are outlined. View full abstract»

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  • Technology transfer: Technology: Dichotomous tool: It can foster trade, but threaten security. Current U.S. policy has tightened controls on exports to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):51 - 55
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1434 KB)

    The Kama River truck factory in the Soviet Union is one of the World's largest industrial complexes. The United States and Western Europe contributed to its design, construction, and operations with shipments of equipment and transfer of technology from 1971 through 1975. The value of shipments from the U.S. alone, including an IBM computer to control the factory's foundry operations, totaled $355... View full abstract»

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  • New and recent IEEE publications

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):56 - 57
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  • IEEE tables of contents for current and future publications

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):58 - 63
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  • New product applications: Three-chip, 32-bit mainframe has 1 terabyte virtual memory address space

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):64 - 65
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  • Meeting previews

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):66 - 70
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  • Book reviews

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):71 - 77
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  • News from Industry

    Publication Year: 1981, Page(s):78 - 80
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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Susan Hassler
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