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Issue 7 • July 1976

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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):1 - 2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s): 1
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):2 - 7
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  • Meetings

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):5 - 7
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):8 - 11
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  • Focal points: A review of current developments

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):12 - 13
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  • Inside IEEE

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):14 - 16
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  • News from Washington

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s): 17
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  • Energy report

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s): 18
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):19 - 26
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  • Spectral lines: The cities' dark side

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s): 27
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    Would it were that Spectrum's Bicentennial look at the next century U.S. cities might suggest a fulfillment of the idyllic line sung perennially, if unthinkingly, by thousands of school children ¿from sea to shining sea.¿ Unfortunately, A. P. Adamson's thought is far more realistic. And yet it is precisely this dualism ¿ the ideal vs. the real ¿ that best characterizes both this issue of Spect... View full abstract»

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  • Circa 2000: A Spectrum bicentennial report on cities of the future

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):28 - 30
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    Not a single human achievement was conceived or realized in the bracing atmosphere of steppes, forests or mountain tops. Everything was conceived and realized in the crowded, stinking little cities of Jerusalem, Athens, Florence, Shakespere's London, Rembrandt's Amsterdam. The villages, the suburbs, are for the dropouts ¿ we will decay, we will decline if we can't make our cities viable. That's w... View full abstract»

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  • Circa I: What is a city? Each one is a mongrel, bred off unique circumstances, diverse human needs, and burgeoning technologies

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):31 - 35
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    It is quite clear that we have come to, or are rapidly approaching, the end of a special epoch in the industrial West ¿ characterized by sprawling urban-suburban complexes, massive interlinked highway systems, rich high-technology industries, and profligate consumerism, and fostered by an economic structure that favors an energy-extravagant society. It has been an epoch in which the individual au... View full abstract»

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  • Cities II: In support of megastructures: A scheme to bring people and their jobs back together again by constructing a multipurpose metropolis-under-one-roof

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):37 - 42
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    Scratch an architect or a city planner of note and he'll be glad to give you his philosophy for the ideal city of the third century of the U.S., complete with all of its ramifications: fuel and energy conservation; optimum mass-transit systems; ideal communications; and a milieu in which human needs, aspirations, creature comforts, leisure, and convenience are paramount considerations. View full abstract»

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  • Circa III: Soleri's arcologies: In Arizona, a visionary architect has decreed a stately pleasure-dome ¿¿ The concept is a metropolis in miniature

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):43 - 46
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    Best-known, most publicized, and least built of radical new city concepts are the ¿¿arcologies¿¿ of Paolo Soleri, an Italian-born and -trained architect who has made his home for many years outside Scottsdale, Ariz. An arcology ¿¿ a word coined by Soleri, connoting architecture plus ecology ¿¿ is a self-contained, morphologically various, three-dimensional structure that constitutes a whole living... View full abstract»

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  • Cities IV: Supurbia: The compact city: Layer upon layer, the wedding cake metropolis marries systems design and city planning

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):47 - 50
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    Two principles guided George Dantzig and Thomas Saaty in their design research for the compact city: conservation of space ¿ namely, an effective use of vertical space; and conservation of time ¿ namely, a set of urban facilities that would be utilized 24 hours a day. They started unabashedly and squarely with systems science and operations research, aiming at a city design that would maximize e... View full abstract»

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  • Cities V: The people `doughnut¿¿: A ring off urban centers and suburbs is linked in the time domain by high-speed ground transport

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):51 - 56
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    Ideally, Toroid as planned, would be a city of approximately a million people. Its population would be limited so as to permit optimum design of the physical infrastructure with minimum cost to the citizens. Some 300000 jobs would be needed here, divided approximately evenly between the service sector and primary industrial jobs. At least ten major industries would be sought in diversified sectors... View full abstract»

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  • Cities VI: Dispos-a-city: Unchecked abandonment off our older cities for sprawling Sunbelt suburb-cities will have a major impact on the urban future

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):57 - 64
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    Something of major import is happening to cities in the United States ¿ something that overrides strictly technological considerations and makes a mockery of the best-intentioned plans of urbanologists and systems experts. No consideration of the city of the future can be meaningful without a hard look at what amounts to an urban revolution: the movement of people away from the old and toward the... View full abstract»

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  • Cities VII: The citizen-city interface: Hardware and software are at the heart of easing future shock as the public copes with technological complexities

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):65 - 72
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    Every day the city dweller encounters a growing number of urban systems that can make life convenient or frustratingly irritating. Much of the impact of these systems on the individual depends on the sensors, terminals, message panels, displays, and other input-output devices that form the interface between systems and citizens. View full abstract»

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  • Cities VIII: Cities: Energy gluttons: A review of the energy demands and constraints that will be impressed upon our cities in future decades

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):73 - 74
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    Where will our future cities find the energy to keep industry going, to transport goods and people, to keep our homes and offices adequately lighted and comfortable all year round, and to operate such vital equipment as communication systems, computers, refrigerators, and other apparatus without which our everyday life would seem intolerable? In the United States, the energy for these many end use... View full abstract»

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  • Feeding the glutton

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):74 - 83
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    The Nuclear Energy Center Site Survey (NECSS) was a study of a potential alternative siting approach for nuclear power and fuel-cycle facilities-an approach that would cluster sizeable groups of such facilities on a relatively small number of sites, as contrasted with current `dispersed' siting practices. View full abstract»

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  • Cities X: People movers: The object is to make `easy riders¿¿ of the majority of citizens as they pursue their daily chores and pleasures

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):85 - 90
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    Since prehistory, the growth and maximum size (in square kilometers) of cities has been largely determined by the quality of local transportation. Ideally, urban transport should be frequent, dependable, fast, convenient, safe, and inexpensive. In developed nations, the private automobile has met these goals so well that once secondary questions of land use (roads, parking), energy supply, polluti... View full abstract»

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  • Cities XI: Talk is cheaper: And so may be other forms of telecommuting, weighed against the time, energy, and expense of moving oneself

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):91 - 94
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    The telecommuting research project to be described here was partially funded by the National Science Foundation and was concerned with the locations of businesses within cities with particular emphasis on the phenomenon of commutation to work. The major questions addressed by the project are: How easily and how effectively and under what circumstances can we substitute a computer terminal or simil... View full abstract»

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  • Treasurer Schneider on the budget: A tale of continuing reductions in IEEE's 1976 operating budget and some dour implications for 1977

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):95 - 99
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    In an interview published in the March issue of Spectrum, IEEE President Dillard advised a dues increase in 1977. At the time of that interview, it was not known what the effect of the 1976 dues increase would be. Nevertheless, President Dillard felt that under the most optimistic circumstances, another dues hike would be necessary in 1977, if only to maintain the 1976 level of member services in ... View full abstract»

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  • IEEE annual reports

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):100 - 106
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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Editor-in-Chief
Susan Hassler
IEEE Spectrum Magazine