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Spectrum, IEEE

Issue 8 • Date Aug. 1975

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 37
  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 1 - 2
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 1
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 2 - 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 4 - 7
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  • Meetings

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 8 - 16
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  • News from Washington

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 17
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  • Energy report

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 18 - 19
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 20 - 23
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  • Focal points: A review of current developments

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 24
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  • Inside IEEE

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 25
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 26 - 32
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  • Spectral lines: Education, registration, certification, validation

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 33
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    In the July issue we opened the question of the role of government in regulating the practice of engineering. Some states in the U.S., we noted, are going so far as to restrict the use of the title ¿engineer¿ to those who are registered in the state. Others are pressing in the direction of doing away with the ¿industrial exemption,¿ which could require that EEs working for private industry would have to be registered. We concluded on the note that more and more informed observers believe that registration for all engineers, without exception, may be inevitable. View full abstract»

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  • Consumer electronics: Television on a silver platter: A proliferation of options may spawn some orphans in the contest among developers of video disks

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 34 - 39
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    Examines the proliferation of options in the contest among developers of video disks. View full abstract»

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  • Components review: Semiconductor memories: More users are opting for RAMs, ROMs, and PROMs as chip function densities increase and price per bit drops

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 40 - 45
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    More users are opting for RAMs, ROMs and PROMs as chip function densities increase and price per bit drops. View full abstract»

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  • Nuclear power: Rasmussen on reactor safety: How nuclear power reactor risks are quantified; and nuclear sabotage, theft, shipping, and waste disposal risks put in perspective

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 46 - 57
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    Describes how nuclear power reactor risks are quantified; and nuclear sabotage, theft, shipping, and waste disposal risks put in perspective. View full abstract»

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  • Careers: Q&A on pensions: Institute experts answer members' questions concerning the new U.S. pension law and its effect on engineers

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 58 - 61
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    On September 1, 1974, President Ford signed into law a bill called the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA '74), popularly known as the Pension Reform Bill. IEEE vigorously supported this bill and took an active role in furthering various amendments specifically tailored to assist the employed engineer. Many members of the Institute are wondering what they should and can do to take full advantage of ERISA '74, and what IEEE is doing to solve their pension problems. Some of the questions asked by IEEE members about the current situation are covered in this article. View full abstract»

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  • Careers: Age and inflation are conspiring against the EE: Further results from the 1975 IEEE U.S. Membership Survey permit the reader to place himself in terms of salary

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 62 - 66
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    IEEE's average U.S. member is making considerably more than he was two and three years ago. Nevertheless, as was shown in last month's Spectrum (July, pp. 46¿49), he is not quite keeping up with inflation. This observation is supported by Fig. 1, which shows mean salaries by engineering experience for the years 1972 and 1975 as they deviate from the overall mean salaries for each year. While the overall mean has risen from $19 106 in 1972 to $23 883 in 1975 ¿ a 25-percent increase ¿ the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has measured, through its Consumer Price Index (see July, p. 46, for a discussion of the limitations of the CPI), a 26.1-percent rise in the cost of living. As a result, it can be said that, to keep up with the CPI, the U.S. member's mean salary should have been several hundred dollars higher than it is. View full abstract»

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  • Avionics I: Air safety as seen from the tower: A veteran of more than 33 years in air traffic control says hazards lurk in proposed FAA procedures

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 67 - 71
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    In 1975, air travel is still a pretty safe way of quickly getting from one place to another; but there are ominous influences at work that are chipping away at the safety factor. Even in the vaunted air traffic control (ATC) system there are conditions in ferment that presage an erosion of the safety record to which the aviation community has always pointed with pride. View full abstract»

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  • Avionics II: Air safety: The view from the cockpit: An experienced airline pilot appraises the past, present, and future of air safety and air traffic control trends

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 71 - 74
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    A veritable revolution in air safety systems is in the offing ¿ a revolution that will drastically alter the face of U.S. air traffic control as we now know it. At present, this revolution is in what might be called its ¿manifesto stage.¿ By this I mean that a raft of proposals have been offered by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) under the umbrella acronym UG3RD, or Upgraded Third Generation Air Traffic Control System. These proposals, if implemented, would mark the greatest change in air-to-air separation since the original establishment of separation standards in the 1930s. Further, navigation, surveillance, and communications would all be affected in a major way. The question devolves: What, exactly, would be the effect of this proposed automation program known as UG3RD? View full abstract»

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  • Retrospective: Ampÿre: Father of electrodynamics: The master mathematician, teacher, and practitioner of electrical science is celebrated on the 200th anniversary of his birth

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 75 - 78
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    In 1789, at the age of 14, André-Marie Ampere witnessed the murder of his father, the mayor of Lyon, by a mob during the ¿Reign of Terror,¿ following the French Revolution, when every titled person or official of the overthrown regime was subject to execution or imprisonment without trial. The trauma of this experience, plus the death of his wife in 1803, made him an embittered and reclusive person for most of his life. But it was, perhaps, this introversion that spurred him to the single-minded pursuit of the hallmark discoveries and experimentation in electrical science that have earned him a special niche in the gallery of modern scientific history. View full abstract»

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  • Institute report: Statements from IEEE candidates: Those running for IEEE office this fall give brief indications of their positions on vital issues

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 79 - 85
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    Ten IEEE offices, including those of the President and Vice President, must be filled this fall in the Institute's annual election. This means, of course, that the postman will shortly be delivering the ballots upon which IEEE voting members can indicate their preferences. To facilitate the process, IEEE Spectrum is publishing, as it does each year, brief statements by the candidates. For those who are unfamiliar with IEEE procedures, we shall review the Institute's election process: The IEEE Constitution provides that the President, as well as one of the three Vice Presidents, of IEEE be directly elected by voting members. The names of candidates for these offices, unless the result of petition, are selected and submitted by the Nominations and Appointments Committee. Those elected will serve for one year. Also appearing on the ballot are nominees for Regional Delegate/Director, as submitted by the Regional Committees, and for Divisional Delegate/Director. Directors are elected for two-year terms, with elections occurring in alternate years for even- and odd-numbered Divisions and Regions. View full abstract»

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  • New product applications: Low-cost, 4-bit microprocessor replaces any PC board containing 30 to 90 packages of TTL

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 86 - 90
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    This 4-bit integrated processor system (FIPS), designed as a pin-for-pin replacement for the manufacturer's MCS-4 microprocessor, features a CPU that is priced at less than $10. Power dissipation is 20 percent lower than the MCS-4's. View full abstract»

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  • Spectrum's hardware review

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 90
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  • Applications literature: Preemphasis and other amplitude adjustment techniques

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 91
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    This 12-page note discusses preemphasis and deemphasis considerations in RF links, telephone lines, cable transmission, and tape recording. There is a theoretical discussion of FM subcarrier multiplexing, since the emphasis in the note is on amplitude adjustment of FM subcarriers. View full abstract»

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  • Scanning the issues

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 92 - 93
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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Susan Hassler
IEEE Spectrum Magazine