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Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 1 • Date Jan. 2012

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Displaying Results 1 - 16 of 16
  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): C1
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  • IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics—Part C: Applications and Reviews publication information

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): C2
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  • Guest Editorial Foreword to the Special Issue on Semantics-Enabled Software Engineering

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 2
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (167 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The six papers in this special issue depict the state of the art and practice of the impact of semantic technologies in the field of Software Engineering. View full abstract»

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  • Incorporating the Ontology Paradigm Into Software Engineering: Enhancing Domain-Driven Programming in Clojure/Java

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 3 - 14
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1055 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    There is a notable overlap of the challenges with which the semantic technologies and software engineering deal. They can also complement and mutually improve each other. Current efforts mostly focus on improving software tools around the resource description framework (RDF) and Web Ontology Language (OWL) Web-oriented ecosystem that helps ontology engineers but is alien to software engineers. This paper presents an opposite approach taken from the software developer's viewpoint - an incorporation of the ontology paradigm into a general-purpose programming language, in a simple and agile way, on a small scale, and in an unpretentious manner. The objective is to help programmers write simple domain-driven code with richer semantics. The means to achieve this objective relies on metaprogramming to internalize the ontology modeling paradigm into a mainstream programming environment based on the Java ecosystem, in a lightweight manner suitable for small teams. An embedded meta domain-specific language (DSL), which is called Magic Potion, is implemented in Clojure and blends ontology, functional, object-oriented, and concurrent paradigms. An example from the technology enhanced learning (TEL) domain is used to illustrate Magic Potion in action. View full abstract»

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  • Supporting Object-Oriented Programming of Semantic-Web Software

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 15 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper presents the state of the art in the development of Semantic-Web-enabled software using object-oriented programming languages. Object triple mapping (OTM) is a frequently used method to simplify the development of such software. A case study that is based on interviews with developers of OTM frameworks is presented at the core of this paper. Following the results of the case study, the formalization of OTM is kept separate from optional but desirable extensions of OTM with regard to metadata, schema matching, and integration into the Semantic-Web infrastructure. The material that is presented is expected to not only explain the development of Semantic-Web software by the usage of OTM, but also explain what properties of Semantic-Web software made developers come up with OTM. Understanding the latter will be essential to get nonexpert software developers to use Semantic-Web technologies in their software. View full abstract»

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  • Semantics-Based Aspect-Oriented Management of Exceptional Flows in Business Processes

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 25 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (639 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Enriching business process models with semantic annotations that are taken from an ontology has become a crucial need in service provisioning, integration and composition, and business processes management. We represent semantically annotated business processes as part of an Web ontology lanuage knowledge base that formalizes the business process structure, the business domain, a set of criteria that describe correct semantic annotations, and a set of constraints that describe requirements on the business process itself. In this paper, we show how the Semantic Web representation and reasoning techniques can be 1) exploited by our aspect-oriented approach to modularize exception-handling (as well as other crosscutting) mechanisms and 2) effectively applied to formalize and automatically verify constraints on the management of exceptional flows (as well as other relevant flows) in business processes. The benefits of the Semantic Web and the aspect-oriented technologies are illustrated in a case study, where exceptional flows are modularized separately and managed at the semantic level due to the proposed approach. View full abstract»

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  • Semantic Integration of Software and Systems Engineering Environments

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 38 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (735 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Software-intensive systems in business information technology (IT) and industrial automation have become increasingly complex due to the need for more flexible system reconfiguration and business and engineering processes. Systems and software-engineering projects depend on the cooperation of experts from heterogeneous engineering domains using tools that were not designed to cooperate seamlessly. Current semantic-engineering-environment integration is often ad hoc and fragile, thereby making the evolution of tools and the reuse of integration solutions across projects unnecessarily inefficient and risky. This paper describes the engineering-knowledge-base (EKB) framework for engineering-environment integration in multidisciplinary engineering projects. The EKB stores explicit engineering knowledge to support access to and management of engineering models across tools and disciplines by providing 1) data integration based on mappings between local and domain-level engineering concepts; 2) transformations between local engineering concepts; and 3) advanced applications built on these foundations, e.g., end-to-end analyses. As a result, experts from different organizations may use their well-known tools and data models and can access data from other tools in their syntax. The research results have been evaluated in the industrial-application domain of software-intensive production-automation systems. The evaluation results indicate an effort-reduction for reuse in new engineering projects and finding defects earlier in the engineering process. View full abstract»

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  • An Empirically Grounded Conceptual Architecture for Applications on the Web of Data

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 51 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (397 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    We present a component-based, conceptual architecture for Semantic Web applications. It describes the high-level functionality that substantially differentiates Resource Description Framework (RDF)-supported applications from database-driven applications. We provide a strong empirical grounding for this architecture through a survey of Semantic Web applications over most of the past decade. Our empirical approach allows us to describe the current state of the art for the development and deployment of applications on the Web of Data. In addition, we determine how far the adoption of signature research topics of the Semantic Web, such as, data reuse, data integration, and reasoning, has progressed. We, then, discuss the main implementation challenges that developers using Semantic technologies are facing, as observed in the survey. We build on this in order to suggest future approaches to facilitate the standardization of components and the development of software engineering tools to increase the uptake of the Web of Data. View full abstract»

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  • Applying Ontology-Based Models for Supporting Integrated Software Development and IT Service Management Processes

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 61 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1465 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Ontologies have been applied in previous research in an attempt to improve software engineering (SE) tools with computational semantics. In addition, ontology models have been applied to model and build supporting tools for IT service management (ITSM) processes, including the formal modeling of service-level agreements. Both the areas of concern share a common upper layer of concepts, as certain software development activities in some cases start from ITSM design needs or tasks. This suggests that existing ontologies in both domains can be integrated, thus resulting in enhanced semantic-aware process support tools, which crosscut the two concern areas. This paper reviews existing ontology-based models in the SE and ITSM domains and describes the main elements of a mapping that enables their integration. Several concrete cases in which that integration results in adding value to the processes are reported. A case study that adopts the approach is also described. View full abstract»

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  • On the Voice-Activated Question Answering

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 75 - 85
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (508 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Question answering (QA) is probably one of the most challenging tasks in the field of natural language processing. It requires search engines that are capable of extracting concise, precise fragments of text that contain an answer to a question posed by the user. The incorporation of voice interfaces to the QA systems adds a more natural and very appealing perspective for these systems. This paper provides a comprehensive description of current state-of-the-art voice-activated QA systems. Finally, the scenarios that will emerge from the introduction of speech recognition in QA will be discussed. View full abstract»

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  • A Taxonomy and Experimental Study on Prototype Generation for Nearest Neighbor Classification

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 86 - 100
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1253 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The nearest neighbor (NN) rule is one of the most successfully used techniques to resolve classification and pattern recognition tasks. Despite its high classification accuracy, this rule suffers from several shortcomings in time response, noise sensitivity, and high storage requirements. These weaknesses have been tackled by many different approaches, including a good and well-known solution that we can find in the literature, which consists of the reduction of the data used for the classification rule (training data). Prototype reduction techniques can be divided into two different approaches, which are known as prototype selection and prototype generation (PG) or abstraction. The former process consists of choosing a subset of the original training data, whereas PG builds new artificial prototypes to increase the accuracy of the NN classification. In this paper, we provide a survey of PG methods specifically designed for the NN rule. From a theoretical point of view, we propose a taxonomy based on the main characteristics presented in them. Furthermore, from an empirical point of view, we conduct a wide experimental study that involves small and large datasets to measure their performance in terms of accuracy and reduction capabilities. The results are contrasted through nonparametrical statistical tests. Several remarks are made to understand which PG models are appropriate for application to different datasets. View full abstract»

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  • Model-Based Systems Engineering: An Emerging Approach for Modern Systems

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 101 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (375 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    To engineer the modern large, complex, interdisciplinary systems-of-systems (SoS), the collaborative world teams must “speak” the same language and must work on the same “matter.” The “matter” is the system model and the communication mechanisms must be supported by standard, flexible, and friendly modeling languages. The evolving model-based systems engineering (MBSE) approach is leading the way and is expected to become a standard practice in the field of systems engineering (SE) in the next decade. As an emerging paradigm for the systems of the 21st century, it seems useful to overview its current state of the art concerning the developing standards, the embryonic formalisms, the available modeling languages, the methodologies, and the major applications. View full abstract»

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  • Smartphone-Based Collaborative and Autonomous Radio Fingerprinting

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 112 - 122
    Cited by:  Papers (13)  |  Patents (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (797 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Although active research has recently been conducted on received signal strength (RSS) fingerprint-based indoor localization, most of the current systems hardly overcome the costly and time-consuming offline training phase. In this paper, we propose an autonomous and collaborative RSS fingerprint collection and localization system. Mobile users track their position with inertial sensors and measure RSS from the surrounding access points. In this scenario, anonymous mobile users automatically collect data in daily life without purposefully surveying an entire building. The server progressively builds up a precise radio map as more users interact with their fingerprint data. The time drift error of inertial sensors is also compromised at run-time with the fingerprint-based localization, which runs with the collective fingerprints being currently built by the server. The proposed system has been implemented on a recent Android smartphone. The experiment results show that reasonable location accuracy is obtained with automatic fingerprinting in indoor environments. View full abstract»

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  • A Meta-Analysis of Vibrotactile and Visual Information Displays for Improving Task Performance

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 123 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (242 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Many studies have investigated the effect of vibrotactile cues on task performance, but a wide range of cue and task types have made findings difficult to interpret without a quantitative synthesis. This report addresses that need by reviewing the effectiveness of vibrotactile cues in a meta-analysis of 45 studies. When added to a baseline task or to existing visual cues, vibrotactile cues enhanced task performance. When vibrotactile cues replaced visual cues; however, some effects were attenuated and others moderated by cue information complexity. To summarize such moderating effects, vibrotactile alerts are an effective replacement for visual alerts, but vibrotactile direction cues are not effective when replacing visual direction cues. This meta-analysis of vibrotactile applications underscores the benefits of vibrotactile and multimodal displays, highlights conditions in which vibrotactile cues are particularly effective, and identifies areas in need of further investigation. View full abstract»

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  • IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society Information

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): C3
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  • IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics—Part C: Applications and Reviews information for authors

    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): C4
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Aims & Scope

Overview, tutorial and application papers concerning all areas of interest to the SMC Society: systems engineering, human factors and human machine systems, and cybernetics and computational intelligence. 

Authors should submit human-machine systems papers to the IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems.

Authors should submit systems engineering papers to the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics: Systems.

Authors should submit cybernetics papers to the IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

Authors should submit social system papers to the IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems.

 

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Dr. Vladimir Marik
(until 31 December 2012)