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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 4 • Date April 2011

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Displaying Results 1 - 19 of 19
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): c1
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  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): c2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): 1
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  • From the Editor's Desk

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):2 - 4
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  • Cybernetics, Automata Studies, and the Dartmouth Conference on Artificial Intelligence

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):5 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (656 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, held at Datrmouth College in 1956, is regarded as the official "birthplace" of Al. This article draws on unpublished archives to shed new light on the origins of the conference and the complex relationships between cybernetics, automata studies, and Al in the 1950s. View full abstract»

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  • The Distinctiveness of a Unifying Science: Cybernetics' Way to West Germany

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):17 - 27
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As it spread into different countries, cybernetics was shaped by the tensions between international networks of scientists and national restrictions set by political, social, and cultural influences. Such extra-scientific factors caused a huge variability in cybernetic applications. This article examines the evolution of cybernetics in West Germany as both a cultural and scientific-technological p... View full abstract»

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  • An Inconspicuous Giant: NTT's Role in the Development of Software Engineering in Japan

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):28 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (558 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Although the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry's investments in computer technology development are well known, the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation (NTT) also played an important role. A study of the development of NTT's information system called DIPS reveals NTT's influence on the Japanese computer industry and its early effort to promote software engineering... View full abstract»

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  • Vladimír Vand (1911–1968): Pioneer of Computational Methods in Crystallography

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):38 - 44
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1941 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Czech scholar Vladimír Vand (1911-1968) substantially enriched many areas of science, from crystallography and astrogeology to computing. His most notable contribution to computing is the invention of a mechanical computer containing approximately 1 million little steel balls rolling through many guide bars. Using this research, Vand collaborated with William Cochran and Francis Crick ... View full abstract»

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  • Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):45 - 55
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (259 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The retail industry in Finland was at the national forefront in terms of computer adoption shortly after the Second World War. Analyzing the societal, organizational, and industry-specific preconditions and the drivers for this early adoption, both at industrial and organizational levels, helps illustrate how this development unfolded inside the four major retailing organizations in Finland from t... View full abstract»

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  • Computers and Thought—The Back Story

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):56 - 61
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  • Ward Cunningham

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):62 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Vancouver

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):68 - 69
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  • Charles W. Bachman: Database Software Pioneer

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):70 - 80
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  • Reviews

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):81 - 83
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  • Events and Sightings

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):84 - 85
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  • From Computer Celebrities to Historical Biography

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):88 - 87
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • [Advertisement - Back cover]

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): c3
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  • [Advertisement - Back cover]

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): c4
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  • Annual Index

    Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): i
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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu