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# IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

## Issue 3  Part 3 • June 2011

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1  | Part 2

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 41

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):C1 - 1134
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• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s): C2
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• ### Radiation Hard Silicon Strips Detectors for the SLHC

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1135 - 1140
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (1038 KB) | HTML

While the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) began taking data in 2009, scenarios for a machine upgrade to achieve a much higher luminosity are being developed. In the current planning, it is foreseen to increase the luminosity of the LHC at CERN around 2018. As radiation damage scales with integrated luminosity, the particle physics experiments will need to be equipped with a new generation of radiation... View full abstract»

• ### Development of On-Line Tritium Monitor Based Upon Artificial Diamond for Fusion Applications

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1141 - 1144
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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In this paper a novel on-line tritium monitor is presented. It is made with a single crystal diamond detector (SCD) covered with a thin layer of LiF 95% enriched in 6Li. Thermal neutrons impinging on the LiF layer produce α and T ions which are detected by the active diamond. The pulse height spectrum shows two separated peaks due to α and T ions respectively. By a proper ... View full abstract»

• ### Extension of the Linear Depth Attenuation Method for the Radioactivity Depth Analysis Tool (RADPAT)

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1145 - 1150
Cited by:  Papers (1)
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This paper relates to the determination of contamination depth in concrete media via the attenuation of radiation being emitted by the contamination. Previous research has shown that contamination depth can be derived by comparing the relative attenuation of the x-to- γ-ray photo-peak intensities of a given caesium-137 spectrum to that suggested by a derived attenuation model. Once given so... View full abstract»

• ### Status of Development on $^{99}$Mo Production Technologies in JMTR

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1151 - 1158
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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The Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) is now under refurbishment, and the operation of the new JMTR will start in FY 2011. The new JMTR has a plan to produce 99Mo, which is the parent nuclide of 99mTc, and two 99Mo production technologies have been developed: one is a solid irradiation method, and the other is a solution irradiation method. In the solid irradi... View full abstract»

• ### sIGAle, a New Code for Automatically Determining Radionuclide Activities Using CdZnTe Spectrometry

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1159 - 1165
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The sIGAle code is developed by CEA LIST at the request of CEA DEN to analyse spectra measured with CdZnTe detectors. sIGAle is a specific automatic analysis software which allows a complete analysis of the spectrum, with automatic calibration, identification of radionuclides present in the spectrum, determination of fluence rates for each significant peak and, if the transfer function is known, c... View full abstract»

• ### Application of the Modified Source Multiplication (MSM) Technique to Subcritical Reactivity Worth Measurements in Thermal and Fast Reactor Systems

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1166 - 1176
Cited by:  Papers (6)
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The Amplified Source Multiplication (ASM) method and its improved Modified Source Multiplication (MSM) method have been widely used in the CEA's EOLE and MASURCA critical facilities over the past decades for the determination of reactivity worths by using fission chambers in subcritical configurations. The ASM methodology uses relatively simple relationships between count rates of efficient miniat... View full abstract»

• ### Development and Studies of Novel Microfabricated Radiation Hard Scintillation Detectors With High Spatial Resolution

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1177 - 1180
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A new type of scintillation detector is being developed with standard microfabrication techniques. It consists of a dense array of scintillating waveguides obtained by coupling microfluidic channels filled with a liquid scintillator to photodetectors. Easy manipulation of liquid scintillators inside microfluidic devices allow their flushing, renewal, and exchange making the active medium intrinsic... View full abstract»

• ### Computation of Cyclotron Electromagnetic Fields

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1181 - 1187
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A highly advanced upgrade plan of the RIKEN AVF cyclotron is under way. The computation of the AVF electromagnetic fields was performed and successfully checked against the measurements. The following structural elements comprise the computer model of the machine: a beam buncher and two glazer lenses in the injection line, a magnet yoke, spiral sectors, central plugs, trim and harmonic coils, an i... View full abstract»

• ### Influence of Cyclotron Magnet Gap Size on Stripping Extraction

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1188 - 1195
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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The stripping extraction system of a cyclotron is prized by the range and quality of beams it delivers. The gap size of a cyclotron magnet is one of the parameters which significantly influence the design as well as the output characteristics of the stripping extraction system. The vertical dimension of the beam as well as of the extraction system elements placed inside a vacuum chamber is limited... View full abstract»

• ### A Time-Pickoff Method Using Automatic Gain Control to Reduce Time Walk

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1196 - 1200
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (936 KB) | HTML

The response time of a comparator in a time-pickoff circuit used for time measurement depends on the slope and the overdrive of its input signal. Thus, the generation time of the timing pulse in a time-pickoff circuit is dependent on the amplitude of the input signal, which is the main cause of a timing error. In this study, a time-pickoff method, which employs an automatic gain control (AGC) circ... View full abstract»

• ### Cross-Talk Limits of Highly Segmented Semiconductor Detectors

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1201 - 1205
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (1022 KB) | HTML

Cross-talk limits of monolithic highly-segmented semiconductor detectors for high-resolution X-gamma spectrometry are investigated. Cross-talk causes false signal components yielding amplitude losses and fold-dependent shifts of the spectral lines, which partially spoil the spectroscopic performance of the detector. Two complementary electrical models are developed, which describe quantitatively t... View full abstract»

• ### Development and Characterization of New 256$,times,$256 Pixel DEPFET Detectors for X-Ray Astronomy

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1206 - 1211
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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DEPFET detectors are silicon (Si) active pixel sensors designed and manufactured in the Max-Planck-Institut semiconductor lab. Their high spatial resolution and high energy resolution in X-rays make them attractive for particle tracking in colliders and for X-ray astronomy. This technology is foreseen for the Wide Field Imager of the International X-ray Observatory currently in study with ESA, NAS... View full abstract»

• ### MaGe-a Geant4-Based Monte Carlo Application Framework for Low-Background Germanium Experiments

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1212 - 1220
Cited by:  Papers (46)
| | PDF (497 KB) | HTML

We describe a physics simulation software framework, MaGe, that is based on the Geant4 simulation toolkit. MaGe is used to simulate the response of ultra-low radioactive background detectors to ionizing radiation, specifically the Majorana and Gerda neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. Majorana and Gerda use high-purity germanium detectors to search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of... View full abstract»

• ### CMS Workflow Execution Using Intelligent Job Scheduling and Data Access Strategies

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1221 - 1232
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (1138 KB) | HTML

Complex scientific workflows can process large amounts of data using thousands of tasks. The turnaround times of these workflows are often affected by various latencies such as the resource discovery, scheduling and data access latencies for the individual workflow processes or actors. Minimizing these latencies will improve the overall execution time of a workflow and thus lead to a more efficien... View full abstract»

• ### Experimental and TCAD Study of Breakdown Voltage Temperature Behavior in $n^{+}/p$ SiPMs

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1233 - 1240
Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (1)
| | PDF (411 KB) | HTML

In this paper, the breakdown voltage in avalanche photodiodes operating in Geiger mode is investigated. In particular, the breakdown voltage dependence on the structural characteristics of n+/p avalanche diodes, such as implant dose and epitaxial layer thickness and doping concentration, as well as the temperature behavior are analyzed. The study includes both experimental... View full abstract»

• ### Development of a High-Sensitivity Radiation Detector for Chromatography

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1241 - 1248
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1108 KB) | HTML

We describe a radiotracer imaging system for measuring the biochemical production rates of organic compounds from animals or plants. It uses a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) column to separate the compounds and a parallel-plane radiation detector to measure the disintegrations from each compound over a period of time. Because the measurement time is much longer than conventional tec... View full abstract»

• ### Fast Neutron Induced Nuclear Counter Effect in Hamamatsu Silicon PIN Diodes and APDs

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1249 - 1256
Cited by:  Papers (7)
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Neutron induced nuclear counter effect in Hamamatsu silicon PIN diodes and APDs was measured by irradiating fast neutrons from a pair of 252Cf sources directly to these devices. It was found that the entire kinetic energy of these neutrons may be converted into electron signals in these devices, leading to anomalous signals of up to a few million electrons in a single isolated calorimet... View full abstract»

• ### Extending Area Monitoring Networks Capabilities for Tracking a Mobile Radiation Source

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1257 - 1263
| | PDF (190 KB) | HTML

In this paper we present a new technique to extend the future capabilities of Area Monitoring Networks to be used inside nuclear facilities. This technique extends the speed of response of individual area monitors by using non uniform sampling (NUS) in order to recognize the passage of a gamma radiation source through its sensing zone. This enables these networks to have the capability of monitori... View full abstract»

• ### A Three-Time-Scale Approach for Design of Linear State Regulator for Spatial Control of Advanced Heavy Water Reactor

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1264 - 1276
Cited by:  Papers (15)
| | PDF (646 KB) | HTML

This paper introduces a technique for simultaneous decomposition of a non-autonomous singularly perturbed system into three subsystems namely “slow”, “fast 1” and “fast 2” respectively. Design of a composite controller in terms of the individual subsystem controllers is derived and the decomposition of the optimal control problem of the original high order... View full abstract»

• ### Saturated Output Feedback Dissipation Steam Temperature Control for the OTSG of MHTGRs

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1277 - 1289
Cited by:  Papers (6)
| | PDF (921 KB) | HTML

The modular high-temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactor (MHTGR) is seen as one of the best candidates for the next generation of nuclear power plants. The once through steam generator (OTSG) is a crucial element for any MHTGR power plants with steam cycle. In order to guarantee the efficient and safe operation of the power plant, the outlet steam temperature of the OTSG should be well controlled. ... View full abstract»

• ### Methods for Accurate Measurement of the Response of Photomultiplier Tubes and Intensity of Light Pulses

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1290 - 1296
Cited by:  Papers (10)
| | PDF (537 KB) | HTML

Three different methods to determine accurately the intensity of weak light pulses measured with various photomultiplier tubes are presented. The methods rely on a precise determination of the response of the PMTs to the detection of a single photon. 10 kHz LED pulses attenuated to a level where on average μ = 0.02 to 30 photons are detected per pulse were used. For weak intensity light pul... View full abstract»

• ### Silicon Photomultipliers as a Readout System for a Scintillator-Lead Shashlik Calorimeter

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1297 - 1307
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (892 KB) | HTML

Silicon photomultipliers are silicon devices that in recent times have been proposed as candidates for the replacement of photomultiplier tubes in many experimental situations. In this article we describe the performance of SiPMs as a readout system of a shashlik calorimeter composed of 41 8×8 cm2, 3.27-mm-thick tiles of scintillator and 40 8×8 cm2, 3.27-mm-thic... View full abstract»

• ### Beam Test Measurements With Planar and 3D Silicon Strip Detectors Irradiated to sLHC Fluences

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):1308 - 1314
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| | PDF (322 KB) | HTML

The planned luminosity upgrade of the CERN LHC to the super LHC (sLHC) requires investigation of new radiation hard tracking detectors. Compared to the LHC, tracking detectors must withstand a 5-10 times higher radiation fluence. Promising radiation hard options are planar silicon detectors with n-side readout and silicon detectors in 3D technology, where columnar electrodes are etched into the si... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

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## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Paul Dressendorfer
11509 Paseo del Oso NE
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