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Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Issue 2 • Date June 1993

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Displaying Results 1 - 15 of 15
  • Biomedical engineers and scientists: our own worst enemies

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 26 - 29
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    It is argued that opportunities to influence public policy affecting the availability of resources for research are being missed every day and will continue to be missed until the members of the research community learn how to influence public decision-making by exploiting political opportunities. Put another way, only when the members of the research community become involved routinely in the political process at all levels will their endeavors become the top national priority. The ways in which researchers can become involved in advocacy processes and concrete measures they can take to become politically active without neglecting their primary responsibilities are discussed.<> View full abstract»

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  • Medical technology and advocacy in Washington

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 30 - 31
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    A historical perspective on advocacy groups that influence US government actions is presented. The targets of these groups in the executive branch, legislative branch, and outside agencies and advisory groups are discussed. These targets include the Department of Health and Human Services, which includes the Health Care Financing Administration and the Public Health Service; the Office of the Secretary, which encompasses the Secretary's immediate staff, the General Counsel, and the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation; and the Office of Technology Assessment, which assists the Congress by providing it with objective analysis of major policy issues related to scientific and technological change. Six major keys to achieving effective advocacy are listed.<> View full abstract»

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  • Lobbying for IEEE issues

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 32 - 33
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Measuring the cost of health care technologies

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 34 - 37
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    Currently used methods for estimating the contribution of technical innovations to health care costs are discussed. It is argued that these methods are unhelpful and imprecise in developing disaggregated estimates of the costs of different types of technologies. What is required is a careful attempt to measure the effects of innovations in hardware and software technology on health care costs.<> View full abstract»

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  • The European scene of medical technology

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 44 - 48
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    The development of medical technology in Europe is discussed with respect to the cultural differences between the European countries. It is argued that these differences are real and deserve to be accounted for in designing and developing activities at the European scale. It is noted that the Commission of the European Community has contributed considerably to the development of European research and development. The changes in the procedures for evaluating new proposals reflect the maturing of cooperative research efforts. The recent political changes in the eastern and central parts of Europe provide opportunities to extend existing networks for scientific research and development. Medical technology needs special funding opportunities to guarantee that health care benefits adequately from its findings. Technology transfer requires special attention also from the funding agencies. It is believed that the new European Society for Engineering and Medicine (ESEM) could be instrumental in creating and maintaining such networks.<> View full abstract»

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  • BME research in Europe: a view from the industrial standpoint

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 49 - 53
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    The socioeconomic significance of research and development in the field of biomedical engineering in Europe is discussed. The types of research being done and the industries undertaking this research are outlined. The major areas for research on diseases as identified by the Industrial R&D Advisory Committee of the Commission of the European Communities (IRDAC) are: AIDS, diabetes, cancer, mental health brain research, cardiovascular diseases, and economically and socially significant diseases, including osteoporosis, cataracts, and benign prostrate hyperplasia. Examples of research projects are described. The role of the European Community in supporting biomedical research is also discussed.<> View full abstract»

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  • Biomedical engineering research strategies in the US

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 54 - 59
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    The socioeconomic and political climates influencing biomechanical engineering research in the United States are discussed. The many factors that influence the research environment, strategies, and directions in the United States are also discussed. The roles of the National Institutes of Health (NIM) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) in supporting biomedical engineering are reviewed. Since the strategies of such agencies have an impact on the directions individual investigators take in their own research programs, some of the specific areas identified as priorities by NIH and NSF are examined.<> View full abstract»

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  • Research strategies in Japan

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 60 - 63
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The membership and working groups of the Japanese Society of Medical Electronics and Biomedical Engineering (USMEBE) are described. The output of medical engineering equipment since the JSMEBE was founded in 1962 and legislation regarding clinical engineering technicians are discussed. Important future issues for biomedical engineering are outlined.<> View full abstract»

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  • EC research: biomedical and health (BIOMED) (1991-4)

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 65 - 69
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    The main objectives of the European Community's Biomedical and Health Research Program (BIOMED) are reviewed. The four different areas of research in the program are development of coordinated research on prevention care and health systems, major health problems and diseases of great socio-economic impact, human genome analysis, and research on biomedical ethics.<> View full abstract»

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  • EC research: a view of relevant BME programmes

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 75 - 78
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    The Third European Community Framework Program in the field of technological development and research is discussed. Several of the programs it encompasses are examined, in particular, industrial and materials technologies including biomaterials (Birte-EuEuram II), human capital and mobility, and dissemination and exploitation of knowledge (VALUE II). Activity outside of the framework program, including the European Community Program on Cooperation between Universities and Industry Regarding Training in the Field of Technology (COMETT) and the Strategic Programme for Innovation and Technological Transfer (SPRINT), is also discussed.<> View full abstract»

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  • The EC medical devices directives

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 79 - 80
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    The reasons why directives in the field of medical devices are required are outlined. It is argued that if one market is to be created in Europe in which medical devices from one country are to be acceptable for use in the other member states, the basic safety and performance requirements must be met. The ways in which the medical device directives address this problem and the forms this legislation takes are reviewed.<> View full abstract»

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  • An implementation of the IEEE Medical Information Bus Standard

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 81 - 88
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    The IEEE P1073 family of documents defines the Medical Information Bus (MIB), which is a local area network for the bidirectional interconnection of medical devices and computers. This network is intended to aid in the registering of information such as alarms from medical instruments, the storage of data gathered by these devices, and their control from a central computer. A technical description of the MIB is presented. The implementation of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) software and of the interbed network, which links existing bedside communications controllers to a central station, are described. A test designed to assess the performance of an implemented MIB and the first real application of the MIB implementation, consisting of its inclusion in a unit for the acquisition and processing of physiological signals from patients with intracranial hypertension are discussed. The authors suggest eliminating the network and transport layers of the intrabed network, since they are inactive.<> View full abstract»

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  • Engineering and the law-products liability for medical devices: federal preemption of state lawsuits

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 97 - 100
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (460 KB)  

    The basis of product liability lawsuits and a trend in the law that can protect medical device manufacturers from these lawsuits are discussed. Section 402(A) of the Restatement of Torts, the basis for liability laws in most states, is reviewed. The King vs. Collagen Corp. case, in which King, diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, claimed that the disease was caused by Zyderm, a modified cow protein that is injected under the skin to correct wrinkles, is also reviewed. King sued Collagen Corp. for selling a defective product and for failure to properly warn her and her physician of the risks of using the product and lost the suit View full abstract»

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  • Engineering in genomics-combinatorial optimization in biology

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 91 - 92
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    The author suggests that the confidence which many biologists have in problem-solving methods is unwarranted and that there are very important limitations in almost all current methods for solving biological problems. The standard problem solving approach that computer scientists use is outlined. An example of an error in an evolutionary tree problem-the case of the African Eve-is discussed View full abstract»

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  • EC research: telematics for health care and standardization

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 70 - 74
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    Advanced Informatics in Medicine (AIM), a research and development program undertaken by the European Community to apply information and communication technologies to medicine and health care, is described. The objectives of the program are to increase harmony and cohesion in this area across Europe, to improve the quality and cost effectiveness of medicine, and to strengthen the competitiveness of the European telematics industry by demanding innovative services. The exploratory and development phases of AIM are discussed. The strategies, content, goals, and scope of the projects in AIM are outlined View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine contains articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering.

 

This Magazine ceased publication in 2010. The current retitled publication is IEEE Pulse.

Full Aims & Scope