# Electronics Letters

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 44
• ### In brief

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): 666
| | PDF (156 KB)

First Page of the Article
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• ### Interview

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): 666
| | PDF (118 KB)

Dr Xiaobin Yuan from the Microelectronics Division of IBM and author of the Letter 'Transistor mismatch in 32 nm high-k metal-gate process' on page 708 tells us more about his research into advanced process technologies. View full abstract»

• ### Strength in numbers

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): 667
| | PDF (174 KB)

The first coherent vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) array with the in-phase mode using a simple fabrication process has been demonstrated at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in the USA. The 2 Ã 2 VCSEL array was made using conventional fabrication processes that are already in use to manufacture millions of VCSELs, and photonic crystal coupling was used to control the ... View full abstract»

• ### A fluid approach to microwaves

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): 668
| | PDF (492 KB)

Collaborative researchers from the University of Cambridge in the UK and Technische UniversitÃ¿t Darmstadt (TUD) in Germany have signifi cantly increased the dielectric anisotropy of liquid crystals in the microwave range by adding minute amounts of carbon nanotubes. This result is a signifi cant step for the use of liquid crystals as a tunable material in a wide range of microwave devices at freq... View full abstract»

• ### Planar multi-band monopole antenna with L-shaped parasitic strip for WiMAX application

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):671 - 672
Cited by:  Papers (15)
| | PDF (291 KB)

A multi-band design of a planar inverted L-shaped monopole antenna with an L-shaped parasitic strip for the WiMAX system is proposed. With the use of L-shaped monopole and parasitic strips, multi-resonant modes close to the 2.6/3.5/5.5 GHz bands are excited to meet the specifications of the WiMAX system (IEEE 802.16e). Also, obtained impedance bandwidth across the operating bands can reach about 2... View full abstract»

• ### Small square slot antenna with circular polarisation characteristics for WLAN/WiMAX applications

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):672 - 673
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| | PDF (338 KB)

A small square slot antenna with circular polarisation characteristics for WLAN/WiMAX applications is presented. The proposed antenna consists of a microstrip feed line and a ground plane with a novel slot configuration which provides usable circular polarisation characteristics on the WLAN/WiMAX frequency bands. By optimising the length of the feed line, the total bandwidth of the antenna is grea... View full abstract»

• ### Spiraphase-type element with optimal transformation of switch impedances

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):673 - 675
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (264 KB)

An electronically-reconfigurable spiraphase-type element based on a ring slot resonator is analysed. It is demonstrated with numerical simulation and experimental measurements that optimal transformation of the switch impedances is possible in this element. As a result, low loss of 0.38 dB is obtained for the one-bit element at the frequency of 11.55 GHz. View full abstract»

• ### Wideband cavity backed slot antenna for automotive monopulse radars

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):675 - 677
| | PDF (195 KB)

A wideband cavity backed slot antenna is designed for automotive-borne monopulse radar applications. A rectangular slot is used to realise broad bandwidth; the slot is backed by a cavity, and the vertical walls of the cavity are implemented by discrete vias; and the slot is fed by a microstrip line. The proposed antenna is compact, robust, fully planar and easy to integrate. A two-element array is... View full abstract»

• ### Cognitive memory network

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):677 - 678
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| | PDF (237 KB)

A resistive memory network that has no crossover wiring is proposed to overcome the hardware limitations to size and functional complexity that is associated with conventional analogue neural networks. The proposed memory network is based on simple network cells that are arranged in a hierarchical modular architecture. Cognitive functionality of this network is demonstrated by an example of charac... View full abstract»

• ### Development of capacitance measurement system for human serum albumin detection

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):678 - 680
| | PDF (257 KB)

The use of interdigitated electrodes and binding with Cibacron blue F3GA by self-assembly technology, which has high affinity for human serum albumin (HSA), and serves as a receptor for HSA detection, is reported. In preliminary tests, the interdigitated chip measured the impedance of HSA by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and this result indicated the characteristic frequency of impedance ... View full abstract»

• ### Multiscale principal contour direction for varying lighting face recognition

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):680 - 682
| | PDF (236 KB)

Proposed is a new type of image feature for varying lighting face recognition, namely, multiscale principal contour direction (MPCD). It can capture true neighbourhood contour direction information and is robust to different illumination conditions. In addition, MPCD is constructed for extracting illumination invariant by applying the non-subsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) to multiscale cont... View full abstract»

• ### Regularisation of eigenfeatures by extrapolation of scatter-matrix in face-recognition problem

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):682 - 683
| | PDF (91 KB)

The proposed face recognition algorithm regularises the within-class scatter matrix by extrapolating its eigenvalues. This way both the range space and the null space information of the within-class scatter matrix is utilised. The results are promising when the algorithm is experimented on face recognition datasets and compared with several other methods. View full abstract»

• ### Detector for signals in generalised normal-Laplace distributed noise

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):683 - 684
| | PDF (211 KB)

A novel near-optimal receiver is introduced for the detection of signals in noise modelled with a new probability distribution called a generalised normal-Laplace (GNL) distribution. The near-optimal detector is based on the approximation of GNL probability density function (PDF) while the optimum detector uses the PDF obtained by the Fourier inversion of the characteristic function. The performan... View full abstract»

• ### Load balancing for two-tier Chord system

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):685 - 686
| | PDF (301 KB)

Compared to flat distributed hash table (DHT) systems, hierarchical DHT systems can use some powerful and stable peers (called superpeers) to achieve efficient look-up under churn. Several hierarchical DHT systems have been proposed so far. However, a crucial problem faced by all these systems is the load imbalance among superpeers. Proposed is a novel load balancing algorithm to efficiently solve... View full abstract»

• ### Frequency stability measurements of ultrastable BVA resonators and oscillators

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):686 - 688
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (239 KB)

The performances of instruments developed for the measurement of 5 MHz ultra-stable resonators, before and after being integrated in an oscillator, are presented. The chosen resonator has an estimated stability of several 10-14. The intrinsic noise floor of these benches are about 7 to 9.5 10-15. View full abstract»

• ### Compact dual-band power divider with single allpass coupled lines sections

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):688 - 689
Cited by:  Papers (12)
| | PDF (271 KB)

A compact dual-band power divider is presented. An allpass coupled lines section is used to realise the necessary impedance transformation at two selected frequencies. The design procedure, limitations and examples are provided first. To implement the design in microstrip, stepped-impedance coupled lines are used without changing the circuit size to compensate for the different even- and odd-mode ... View full abstract»

• ### Compact microstrip lowpass filter with ultra-wide stopband

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):689 - 691
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (244 KB)

A compact microstrip lowpass filter with an ultra-wide stopband is proposed. To achieve wide stopband suppression and compact size, both symmetrically loaded resonant patches and meander transmission line are adopted. A demonstration filter with 3 dB cutoff frequency at 1.3 GHz has been designed, fabricated and measured. The proposed filter also exhibits a very wide stopband of 152 , and is able t... View full abstract»

• ### Quad-band bandpass filter based on dual-plane microstrip/DGS slot structure

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):691 - 692
Cited by:  Papers (17)
| | PDF (416 KB)

An approach for designing a quad-band bandpass filter is presented. The dual-plane structure composed of both a microstrip and a defected ground structure (DGS) slot is employed to obtain quad-frequency responses. The slot, with interdigital shape in the DGS, is designed to obtain dual-frequency responses and transmission zeros are introduced to split both passbands into two. The equivalent-circui... View full abstract»

• ### UWB bandpass filter with notched band using DSRR

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):692 - 693
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (358 KB)

A topology of a compact planar microstrip filter with a notched band is introduced, which employs a split-ring resonator defected ground structure (DSRR). Folded short-circuited stubs are used to realise the bandpass filter with good selectivity and out-of-band characteristics. By employing a split-ring resonator defected ground structure, a narrow notched band was introduced to reject the undesir... View full abstract»

• ### Dielectric anisotropy of nematic liquid crystals loaded with carbon nanotubes in microwave range

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):693 - 695
| | PDF (163 KB)

Liquid crystals are attractive materials for microwave applications as tunable dielectrics owing to low losses and high anisotropy of dielectric properties. The possibility of further enhancing their dielectric anisotropy is studied by loading with highly polarisable and anisotropic rods-carbon nanotubes at various concentrations. The studies are performed using two different methods, one in the r... View full abstract»

• ### Improved thermal model for optical fibre coating owing to small bending diameter and high power signals

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):695 - 697
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (147 KB)

Long-term optical network reliability is highly dependent on the fibre quality. However, poor handling or installation can impose bendings in the optical fibres, leading to a significant increase in link losses, which results in fibre coating degradation owing to heating occurring in the presence of high power signals propagation. Presented, for the first time, is an accurate thermal model for opt... View full abstract»

• ### InGaAsP/InP optical digital-to-analogue converter for 40 Gbit/s, 3-bit operation

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):697 - 698
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (433 KB)

A 40 Gbit/s, 3-bit operation of a semiconductor optical digital-to-analogue converter, consisting of inputand output-side 1 ?? 3 MMI couplers and 1and 2-bit optical delay lines based on InGaAsP/InP materials, is presented. Splitting the ratio of an input-side 1 ?? 3 MMI coupler is designed to have almost equal signal quality in each output level under the extinction ratio of the input signal of 23... View full abstract»

• ### Laser phase noise induced error-rate floors in differential n-level phase-shift-keying coherent receivers

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):698 - 700
| | PDF (111 KB)

A simple and illustrative analytical model for the phase noise influence in differential n-level phase shift keying (nPSK) systems is presented. Results for the phase noise sensitivity are given for a dual polarisation system configuration with basic baud-rate of 25 GS/s. Results emphasise the need for highly phase stable optical signal sources in higher constellation configurations as needed for ... View full abstract»

• ### Phase noise characteristics of all-optical single sideband frequency upconverter for radio-over-fibre applications

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):700 - 701
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (239 KB)

The phase noise characteristics of an all-optical single sideband frequency upconverter that uses an optical interleaver and a semiconductor optical amplifier are experimentally investigated. While the phase noise characteristic of the upconverter is limited by that of the LO signal source, it becomes degraded owing to the path imbalance of the two optical signal paths. Compensation for the path i... View full abstract»

• ### Running-code optical CDMA at 2 x 10 Gbit/s and 40 Gbit/s

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):701 - 703
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (342 KB)

A continuously running-code optical CDMA system useful for secure communications is reported. The system utilises acousto-optic modulator-based pulse shapers as spectral phase en-/decoding devices, which are capable of microsecond-scale code sequence refresh rates. The codes are generated on-the-fly by a stream cipher. Transmit/ receive code synchronisation is independent of the data stream, allow... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

Electronics Letters is internationally renowned for its rapid communication of new developments and emerging topics across the broad and interdisciplinary field of modern electronics and electrical engineering.

Full Aims & Scope

## Meet Our Editors

Editors-in-Chief

Professor Chris Toumazou
Director of the Biomedical Institute
Imperial College, London, UK

Professor Ian White