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# IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

## Issue 3  Part 2 • March 2010

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 35
• ### [Front cover]

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): C1
| PDF (238 KB)
• ### IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing publication information

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s): C2
| PDF (42 KB)

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1297 - 1298
| PDF (59 KB)
• ### Automatic Spectral-Rule-Based Preliminary Classification of Radiometrically Calibrated SPOT-4/-5/IRS, AVHRR/MSG, AATSR, IKONOS/QuickBird/OrbView/GeoEye, and DMC/SPOT-1/-2 Imagery—Part I: System Design and Implementation

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1299 - 1325
Cited by:  Papers (23)
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To date, the automatic or semiautomatic transformation of huge amounts of multisource multiresolution spaceborne imagery into information still remains far below reasonable expectations. The original contribution of this paper to existing knowledge on the development of operational automatic remote sensing image understanding systems (RS-IUSs) is fourfold. First, existing RS-IUS architectures are ... View full abstract»

• ### Automatic Spectral Rule-Based Preliminary Classification of Radiometrically Calibrated SPOT-4/-5/IRS, AVHRR/MSG, AATSR, IKONOS/QuickBird/OrbView/GeoEye, and DMC/SPOT-1/-2 Imagery—Part II: Classification Accuracy Assessment

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1326 - 1354
Cited by:  Papers (15)
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In Part I of this paper, an operational fully automated Landsat-like image spectral rule-based decision-tree classifier (LSRC), suitable for mapping radiometrically calibrated seven-band Landsat-4/-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat-7 Enhanced TM+ (ETM+) spaceborne images [eventually synthesized from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) and the Moderate Resolu... View full abstract»

• ### Simulated Multispectral Imagery for Tree Species Classification Using Support Vector Machines

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1355 - 1364
Cited by:  Papers (26)
| | PDF (635 KB) | HTML

The information content of remotely sensed data depends primarily on the spatial and spectral properties of the imaging device. This paper focuses on the classification performance of the different spectral features (hyper- and multispectral measurements) with respect to three tree species. The Support Vector Machine was chosen as the classification algorithm for these features. A simulated optica... View full abstract»

• ### HAMSTRAD-Tropo, A 183-GHz Radiometer Dedicated to Sound Tropospheric Water Vapor Over Concordia Station, Antarctica

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1365 - 1380
Cited by:  Papers (12)
| | PDF (2440 KB) | HTML

The H2O Antarctica Microwave Stratospheric and Tropospheric Radiometers (HAMSTRAD) program aims to develop two ground-based microwave radiometers to sound tropospheric and stratospheric water vapor (H2O) above Dome C (Concordia Station), Antarctica (75¿¿06' S, 123¿¿21'E, 3233 m asml), an extremely cold and dry environment, over decades. By using state-of... View full abstract»

• ### Temperature and Humidity Profiling in the Arctic Using Ground-Based Millimeter-Wave Radiometry and 1DVAR

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1381 - 1388
Cited by:  Papers (12)
| | PDF (786 KB) | HTML

A 1-D variational (1DVAR) retrieval technique has been developed for obtaining temperature and humidity profiles from observations of the Ground-Based Scanning Radiometer (GSR) operating at millimeter-wavelengths. The GSR was deployed in two Arctic experiments held at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program in Barrow, Alaska. Temperature and humidity profiles retrieved with the 1DVAR techniq... View full abstract»

• ### Prelaunch Estimation of Radiometric Resolution and Stability of SMOS Zero-Baseline Radiometer in Anechoic Chamber

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1389 - 1397
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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The purpose of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is to measure soil moisture and sea surface salinity (SSS). The measurement of SSS using microwave radiometry requires a very sensitive instrument. In SMOS, the image is formed using the interferometric technique complemented by the average brightness temperature, or zero baseline, to set the absolute level of the image. Therefore,... View full abstract»

• ### L-Band RFI as Experienced During Airborne Campaigns in Preparation for SMOS

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1398 - 1407
Cited by:  Papers (56)  |  Patents (3)
| | PDF (1487 KB) | HTML

In support of the European Space Agency Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission, a number of soil moisture and sea salinity campaigns, including airborne L-band radiometer measurements, have been carried out. The radiometer used in this context is fully polarimetric and has built-in radio-frequency-interference (RFI)-detection capabilities. Thus, the instrument, in addition to supplying L-... View full abstract»

• ### UWB Through-Wall Imaging Based on Compressive Sensing

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1408 - 1415
Cited by:  Papers (110)
| | PDF (815 KB) | HTML

To achieve high-resolution 2-D images, through-wall imaging (TWI) radar with ultra-wideband and long antenna arrays faces considerable technical challenges such as a prolonged data collection time, a huge amount of data, and a high hardware complexity. This paper presents a novel data acquisition scheme and an imaging algorithm for TWI radar based on compressive sensing (CS), which states that a s... View full abstract»

• ### Multipolarization Microwave Scattering Model for Sahelian Grassland

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1416 - 1432
Cited by:  Papers (1)
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A coherent scattering formulation is developed for radar remote sensing of Sahelian grassland. This African vegetation is mainly composed of annual grass and shrubs. In the proposed procedure, first, a temporal model for generation of grass and shrub structures, which includes important realistic botanical information, is implemented. Because we develop a coherent scattering model, preservi... View full abstract»

• ### $F$– $k$ Filter Designs to Suppress Direct Waves for Bistatic Ground Penetrating Radar

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1433 - 1444
Cited by:  Papers (12)
| | PDF (1205 KB) | HTML

Two design methods of a filter in a frequency-spatial frequency (f-k) domain have been developed for bistatic ground penetrating radar. The proposed methods suppress the direct wave, which causes significant artifacts in radar images, and are evaluated by laboratory measurements. Because the geometric positions of a transmitting antenna and a receiving antenna are not fixed, the supp... View full abstract»

• ### Ray-Tracing Simulation Techniques for Understanding High-Resolution SAR Images

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1445 - 1456
Cited by:  Papers (43)  |  Patents (1)
| | PDF (1610 KB) | HTML

In this paper, a simulation concept is presented for creating synthetic aperture radar (SAR) reflectivity maps based on ray tracing. Three-dimensional models of man-made objects are illuminated by a virtual SAR sensor whose signal is approximated by rays sent through the model space. To this end, open-source software tools are adapted and extended to derive output data in SAR geometry followed by ... View full abstract»

• ### An Estimation Method for InSAR Interferometric Phase Based on MMSE Criterion

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1457 - 1469
Cited by:  Papers (6)
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In this paper, we propose a method based on minimum mean squared error (mmse) criterion to estimate synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) interferometric phase. In this method, the cross-correlation coefficient vector with large coregistration error is given first, and then, the cost function under the mmse criterion is used to estimate the InSAR interferometric phase. The method can aut... View full abstract»

• ### APC Trajectory Design for “One-Active” Linear-Array Three-Dimensional Imaging SAR

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1470 - 1486
Cited by:  Papers (18)
| | PDF (2451 KB) | HTML

This paper discusses the antenna phase center trajectory (APCT) design for the "one-active" linear-array 3D imaging SAR (LASAR). First, we discuss the principle of the one-active LASAR and demonstrate its feasibility by experiment. To describe the 3D spatial resolution of the one-active LASAR, the relationship between the 3D ambiguity function (AF) of the one-active LASAR and the system parameters... View full abstract»

• ### Building Height Retrieval From VHR SAR Imagery Based on an Iterative Simulation and Matching Technique

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1487 - 1504
Cited by:  Papers (54)
| | PDF (1693 KB) | HTML

Experimental airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems achieve spatial resolutions of approximately 10 cm, whereas the new spaceborne very high spatial resolution (VHR) SAR sensors onboard the TerraSAR-X and COSMO-SkyMed satellites achieve spatial resolutions down to 1 m. In VHR SAR data, features from individual urban structures (i.e., buildings) can be identified by their characteristic se... View full abstract»

• ### Coherent MapDrift Technique

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1505 - 1517
Cited by:  Papers (38)
| | PDF (802 KB) | HTML

A new parametric autofocus technique with a high accuracy of flight-parameter estimation dedicated to strip-mode synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems is presented. Most of the known autofocus techniques require high-reflectivity targets (man-made targets) to obtain a properly focused SAR image. The technique proposed in this paper allows flight parameters to be estimated effectively, even for a ... View full abstract»

• ### ISAR Imaging of Maneuvering Target Based on the L-Class of Fourth-Order Complex-Lag PWVD

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1518 - 1527
Cited by:  Papers (28)
| | PDF (992 KB) | HTML

In inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging of a maneuvering target, the received signal in a range bin can be characterized as a multicomponent polynomial phase signal (PPS) after motion compensation. The traditional discrete Fourier transform algorithm is not appropriate in analyzing the PPS. In this paper, the L-class of a fourth-order complex-lag polynomial Wigner-Ville distribution (PW... View full abstract»

• ### Forest Modeling For Height Inversion Using Single-Baseline InSAR/Pol-InSAR Data

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1528 - 1539
Cited by:  Papers (22)
| | PDF (1580 KB) | HTML

The Random Volume over Ground (RVoG) model has been extensively applied to polarimetric synthetic aperture radar interferometry (Pol-InSAR) data for forest height inversion. The model assumes forest as a homogeneous volume of randomly oriented particles characterized by a constant extinction but does not take into account the forest vertical heterogeneity, to which interferometric coherence is sen... View full abstract»

• ### A Bistatic SAR Raw Data Simulator Based on Inverse $omega{-}k$ Algorithm

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1540 - 1547
Cited by:  Papers (21)
| | PDF (1032 KB) | HTML

A synthetic aperture radar (SAR) raw data simulator is an important tool for testing the system parameters and the imaging algorithms. In this paper, a scene raw data simulator based on an inverse ω-k algorithm for bistatic SAR of a translational invariant case is proposed. The differences between simulations of monostatic and bistatic SAR are also described. The algorithm proposed ... View full abstract»

• ### Bistatic Scattering of GPS Signals Off Arctic Sea Ice

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1548 - 1553
Cited by:  Papers (19)
| | PDF (669 KB) | HTML

This paper evaluates the potential of a global positioning system (GPS) bistatic radar for the retrieval of information concerning the presence and condition of sea ice cover. For this purpose, the permittivity and roughness of a ground scattering target at L-band are extracted from reflected GPS waveforms collected from an airborne platform using the Kirchhoff approximation for the ... View full abstract»

• ### Segmentation and Reconstruction of Polyhedral Building Roofs From Aerial Lidar Point Clouds

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1554 - 1567
Cited by:  Papers (106)
| | PDF (2232 KB) | HTML

This paper presents a solution framework for the segmentation and reconstruction of polyhedral building roofs from aerial LIght Detection And Ranging (lidar) point clouds. The eigenanalysis is first carried out for each roof point of a building within its Voronoi neighborhood. Such analysis not only yields the surface normal for each lidar point but also separates the lidar points into planar and ... View full abstract»

• ### Terrain Modeling From Lidar Range Data in Natural Landscapes: A Predictive and Bayesian Framework

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1568 - 1578
Cited by:  Papers (21)
| | PDF (2644 KB) | HTML

The Earth's topography, including vegetation and human-made features, reduced to a virtual 3-D representation is a key geographic layer for any extended development or risk management project. Processed from multiple aerial images or from airborne lidar systems, the 3-D topography is first represented as a point cloud. This paper deals with the generation of digital terrain models (DTMs) in natura... View full abstract»

• ### Bayesian Estimation of Optical Properties of Nearshore Estuarine Waters: A Gibbs Sampling Approach

Publication Year: 2010, Page(s):1579 - 1587
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (680 KB) | HTML

A novel approach is developed for the retrieval of inherent optical properties of coastal water, from which water-quality constituent concentrations can be obtained. The technique combines an analytical bio-optical model with statistical modeling for the formulation of posterior probability distributions of phytoplankton absorption, backscattering, and colored dissolved organic matter absorption; ... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING (TGRS) is a monthly publication that focuses on the theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the land, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.

Full Aims & Scope

Editor-in-Chief
Antonio J. Plaza