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IBM Journal of Research and Development

Issue 1 • Date Jan. 1969

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Displaying Results 1 - 21 of 21
  • Foreword

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):2 - 4
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (301 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Computer-operated X-ray Laboratory Equipment

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):5 - 14
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (547 KB)

    Many instruments in research laboratories are now operated under varying degrees of computer control, not merely to accumulate and store data, but to obtain information about the sample sooner. The need for the scientist to interact with the computer is then as important as the instrument-computer interaction. This requirement leads to strong differences in implementation between laboratory automa... View full abstract»

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  • Automation of a Wide-range, General-purpose Spectrophotometric System

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):15 - 27
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (655 KB)

    The application of an IBM 1800 computer to the control and data acquisition functions of a wide-range spectrophotometric system is described. The optical part of the system is designed primarily for solid-state spectroscopy in the reflectance mode, the energy range of interest being roughly 1 to 12 eV (104 to 105cm−1). The operations of the computer include ... View full abstract»

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  • New Research Techniques for the Life Sciences

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):28 - 35
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (653 KB)

    A data collection and analysis system, using a high-speed, general-purpose digital computer, has been developed at the California Institute of Technology and applied to the study of visual processes of pattern recognition in living nervous systems. The experimental technique employs a rapid, flexible method of neural network modeling that permits an analysis of network functional behavior and a co... View full abstract»

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  • Computer-assisted Spectroscopy

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):36 - 45
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    The logical and timing requirements and the control circuitry of spectrometers in all energy ranges, chromatographs, scanning interferometers and microdensitometers, and a large class of related experimental apparati are very similar. From the standpoint of on-line computation and control, they can be considered parametric variations of a single experiment. With a magnetic resonance spectrometer a... View full abstract»

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  • Combination of On-line Analysis with Collection of Multicomponent Spectra in an On-line Computer

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):46 - 51
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (387 KB)

    A digital computer has been interfaced to four 256-channel analyzers. All functions of normal multichannel analyzers have been reproduced by suitable coding. In addition, a weighted least-squares method for estimating on line the contribution of individual radionuclides in a multicomponent pulse height spectrum has been incorporated. Details of the mathematics and coding methods, which include spe... View full abstract»

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  • An Interactive Graphics System for Nuclear Data Acquisition

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):52 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)

    The graphics terminal described was developed for low-energy nuclear-physics data acquisition and control, and is currently in use at the Yale University Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory as part of an IBM System/360 Model 44-based system. It is comprised of dual cathode ray tube displays, a light pen, and function keyboard, and includes character generation, display simulation, and photographic... View full abstract»

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  • Simulation and Experimental Research

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):61 - 64
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (341 KB)

    The usefulness of computer simulation in interpreting and extending experimental information is presented via a practical example taken from the area of chemical metallurgy. View full abstract»

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  • Computer Facilities for the Laboratory

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):65 - 74
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (557 KB)

    Digital computers have become indispensable aids for many laboratory disciplines, allowing the performance of experiments which would be infeasible without the aid of a computer. Until recently, these computations have usually been carried out off-line, i.e., experimental data has been acquired in real time and subsequently processed on a large central computer. Small, relatively inexpensive digit... View full abstract»

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  • Use of a Time-sharing Computer in Nuclear Chemistry

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):75 - 78
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (339 KB)

    The Oregon State University computer-analyzer system couples the advantages of on-line data acquisition and analysis with the low cost of a time-sharing computer. The system operates in two modes. In Mode A, a 4096-channel analyzer serves as a data acquisition and buffer storage device with the contents of the analyzer memory being transmitted via telephone lines to the Oregon State University com... View full abstract»

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  • Computer-controlled Optical Spectrometer

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):79 - 86
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (470 KB)

    Hardware developed to implement the computer control of a single-beam monochromator operating under a time-sharing system is described. A stepping motor and associated circuitry yield very precise wavelength positioning in an open loop configuration and with a minimum of computer use. The circuits used to position and step the wavelength are described in detail. View full abstract»

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  • Growth of a Laboratory Computer System for Nuclear Physics

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):87 - 92
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    A computer system may typically be expected to progress through a cycle terminating in overloading. The experience with an early system at the author's nuclear physics laboratory serves as an example. The original computer and a similar machine later installed with it are now overloaded and a new system is under construction. The success of the interactive data analysis on the original system has ... View full abstract»

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  • Measuring Optical Transfer Functions of Lenses with the Aid of a Digital Computer

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):93 - 103
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (678 KB)

    The problems involved in lens testing, as opposed to the testing of one lens under one set of conditions, are of sufficient magnitude and complexity that the use of a computer is almost imperative to make the job practical. A machine and method for evaluation of lenses is described which employs a digital computer as a major component, has no restrictions as to the quality of lenses which may be a... View full abstract»

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  • The Use of Computers at CERN

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):104 - 113
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (503 KB)

    This paper surveys the many ways computers and connected special devices are used in the laboratory of high energy nuclear physics research of CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva, Switzerland. View full abstract»

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  • An Experimental System for Time-shared, On-line Data Acquisition

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):114 - 118
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (349 KB)

    With the increasing availability of terminal-oriented, time-shared computers, it now becomes feasible to extend the method of use to include real-time, on-line data acquisition and data reduction. Here described is a particular embodiment of such a system, using an IBM 1050 terminal and the IBM Research M44/44X and the APL/360 Model 50 computers. Reasons leading to the choice of equipment, special... View full abstract»

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  • Real-time Reduction of Nuclear Physics Data

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):119 - 125
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (440 KB)

    Small scientific computers have been widely used in research laboratories for on-line data acquisition to improve the efficiency of data collection and to perform sophisticated data manipulation before storage. An equally productive use of such computers is for the subsequent reduction of these data in real time, permitting interaction between investigator and computer and providing immediate inte... View full abstract»

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  • The Use of a Control Computer in a Chemistry Department

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):126 - 131
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (410 KB)

    The Chemistry Department of the Stony Brook Campus of the State University of New York is composed of a number of faculty members whose research experiments fall generally into two categories; (1) steady data acquisition and control tasks with relatively small data and demand rates, and (2) continuous scan-type measurements of various data rates. An IBM 1800 control system is employed as the nerve... View full abstract»

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  • Use of a Terminal System for Data Acquisition

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):132 - 138
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (456 KB)

    The application of a mathematically-oriented conversational computing system to data collection and computer control for a specific experiment is described. Relatively simple interfaces are used between the experiment and computer terminal to provide for voltage analog inputs and outputs to the experiment. The terminal is connected to the computer by way of conventional voice-grade telephone lines... View full abstract»

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  • Recent Papers by IBM authors

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):139 - 141
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (352 KB)

    Reprints of the papers listed here may usually be obtained most efficiently by writing directly to the authors. The authors' IBM divisions and locations are identified as follows: ASDD is the Advanced Systems Development Division; CD, Components Division; DPD, Data Processing Division; DPG, Data Processing Group; FSD, Federal Systems Division; RES, Research Division; and SDD, Systems Development D... View full abstract»

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  • Patents Recently Issued to IBM Inventors

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):142 - 143
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (258 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Authors

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):144 - 147
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (371 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE

Aims & Scope

The IBM Journal of Research and Development is a peer-reviewed technical journal, published bimonthly, which features the work of authors in the science, technology and engineering of information systems.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Clifford A. Pickover
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center