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IBM Systems Journal

Issue 4 • 1999

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Displaying Results 1 - 14 of 14
  • Preface

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):502 - 503
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (33 KB)

    Over the last decade, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of computers embedded within and intrinsically part of larger devices. This has led to a metamorphosis from a world of computers that are seen as such and used by humans as distinct machines, into a world of sophisticated, computerized, networked machines that are not seen as computers nor used as such by humans. Estimates indicat... View full abstract»

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  • A look at human interaction with pervasive computers

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):504 - 507
    Cited by:  Papers (9)  |  Patents (5)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (60 KB)

    A collection of papers has been gathered in order to explore the pervasive computing trend with a humanistic approach. Is it possible for us to understand what the technological world will be like in the next millennium? These papers will help technologists to share in the successes of others in this field and also to understand problems researchers are having in creating ubiquitous computing envi... View full abstract»

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  • Classroom 2000: An experiment with the instrumentation of a living educational environment

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):508 - 530
    Cited by:  Papers (91)  |  Patents (5)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (885 KB)

    One potentially useful feature of future computing environments will be the ability to capture the live experiences of the occupants and to provide that record to users for later access and review. Over the last three years, a group at the Georgia Institute of Technology has designed and extensively used a particular instrumented environment: a classroom that captures the traditional lecture exper... View full abstract»

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  • Making sharing pervasive: Ubiquitous computing for shared note taking

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):531 - 550
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (18)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (597 KB)

    As a variety of low-cost note-taking devices becomes pervasive, shared notes can help work groups better communicate ideas and information. To explore this idea further, we carried out three related case studies of how members of a large research group shared meeting notes. The group found value in combining personal notes and presentation slides with a single, unifying document, such as regular m... View full abstract»

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  • Contrasting paradigms for the development of wearable computers

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):551 - 565
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (879 KB)

    In this paper, current applications of wearable computers are reviewed and categorized according to dimensions of “time” and “reference.” The time dimension is based on whether the system uses information that is stored, information that is current, or information that can help in predicting future events. The reference dimension is concerned with the type of applicatio... View full abstract»

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  • Wireless networked digital devices: A new paradigm for computing and communication

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):566 - 574
    Cited by:  Papers (11)  |  Patents (6)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (99 KB)

    The proliferation of mobile computing devices including laptops, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and wearable computers has created a demand for wireless personal area networks (PANs). PANs allow proximal devices to share information and resources. The mobile nature of these devices places unique requirements on PANs, such as low power consumption, frequent make-and-break connections, resource... View full abstract»

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  • A universal information appliance

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):575 - 601
    Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (68)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1278 KB)

    The consumer's view of a universal information appliance (UIA) is a personal device, such as a PDA (personal digital assistant) or a wearable computer that can interact with any application, access any information store, or remotely operate any electronic device. The technologist's view of the UIA is a portable computer, communicating over a bi-directional wireless link to an elaborate software sy... View full abstract»

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  • Information in places

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):602 - 628
    Cited by:  Papers (16)  |  Patents (10)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (578 KB)

    As global positioning, wireless communication, and mobile display technologies continue to advance, our notion of place will change. Information objects—first geocoded signs and later animated special effects—will begin to populate real physical space on what we call WorldBoard channels. WorldBoard is a proposed global infrastructure to associate information with places and ultimatel... View full abstract»

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  • Intermediaries: An approach to manipulating information streams

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):629 - 641
    Cited by:  Papers (11)  |  Patents (40)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (570 KB)

    Information flows all around us all the time. Whether on computer networks, on telephone lines, or within the wiring of everyday devices such as coffeemakers or gas pumps, data are constantly being transmitted from one place to another. Much of the time, such data flow directly between information producers and information consumers. Sometimes, however, intermediary processes stand in the way of a... View full abstract»

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  • Multistream input: An experimental study of document scrolling methods

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):642 - 651
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (433 KB)

    Navigating through on-line documents has become an increasingly common task in human-computer interaction. This paper investigates alternative methods to improve user performance for browsing World Wide Web and other documents. In a task that involved both scrolling and pointing, we compared three input methods against the status quo. The results showed that a mouse with a finger wheel did not imp... View full abstract»

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  • At what cost pervasive? A social computing view of mobile computing systems

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):652 - 676
    Cited by:  Papers (21)  |  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (562 KB)

    With the advent of pervasive systems, computers are becoming a larger part of our social lives than ever before. Depending on the design of these systems, they may either promote or inhibit social relationships. We consider four kinds of social relationships: a relationship with the system, system-mediated collaborative relationships, relationships with a community, and interpersonal relationships... View full abstract»

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  • Turning pervasive computing into mediated spaces

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):677 - 692
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (413 KB)

    With pervasive computing, we envision a future in which computation becomes part of the environment. The computer forms (workstation, personal computer, personal digital assistant, game player) through which we now relate to computation will occupy only a small niche in this new computational world. Our relationship to pervasive computing will differ radically from our current relationship with co... View full abstract»

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  • The origins of ubiquitous computing research at PARC in the late 1980s

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):693 - 696
    Cited by:  Papers (29)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (63 KB)

    Ubiquitous computing began in the Electronics and Imaging Laboratory of the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. This essay tells the inside story of its evolution from “computer walls” to “calm computing.” View full abstract»

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  • Contents of Volume 38, 1999

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):697 - 698
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (31 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE

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Throughout its history, the IBM Systems Journal has been devoted to software, software systems, and services, focusing on concepts, architectures, and the uses of software.

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John J. Ritsko
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center5