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IBM Systems Journal

Issue 3.4 • 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 38
  • Preface

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):415 - 416
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (38 KB)

    The considerable breadth and depth of projects and programs at the Media Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) are explored in this special double issue of the IBM Systems Journal. TheMedia Lab has long been recognized as a leader in probing beyond the boundaries of the current and conventional understanding of systems technologies and their interactions with people, and fo... View full abstract»

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  • From being digital to digital beings

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):417 - 418
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (47 KB)

    For the past decade, everyone has been very conscious, even self-conscious, of the emerging digital world. I have never seen another era in which hype and understatement were so often the same, not to mention the incredible rate of change of change itself. View full abstract»

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  • Why the Media Lab works—A personal view

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):419 - 431
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (103 KB)

    The MIT Media Laboratory distinctively combines a high degree of vitality, creativity, and accessibility. The vitality is evident to students and visitors, especially in the late hours of the night. The creativity is evident as changes and innovations produce very different “products” from year to year, invariably surprising sponsors and other visitors who have been away from the Med... View full abstract»

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  • Media, networks, and content

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):435 - 437
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (50 KB)

    The more distant a person is from technology, the greater that person deems it to be the engine of social action. The lay press and our own relatives constantly ask us at the MIT Media Laboratory whether the Internet will converge with television, and how television will become interactive. They tacitly assume that technology will drive applications instead of the other way around. The populace at... View full abstract»

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  • Physically interactive story environments

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):438 - 455
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3447 KB)

    Most interactive stories, such as hypertext narratives and interactive movies achieve an interactive “feel” by allowing the user to choose among multiple story paths. In this paper we discuss physically interactive environments with narrative structure in which the ability to choose among multiple story lines is replaced with having users, first, interact with the story characters in... View full abstract»

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  • Synergistic storyscapes and constructionist cinematic sharing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):456 - 469
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1385 KB)

    This paper describes recent progress toward a framework and toolset for Very Distributed Storytelling. It focuses on three independent but interconnected axes of development: continuous story playout environments, story authoring systems, and scenarios for interaction, particularly those that operate in casual or formal architectural spaces. Aspects of these are explored in several systems current... View full abstract»

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  • Hyperlinked television research at the MIT Media Laboratory

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):470 - 478
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (20)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (445 KB)

    In hyperlinked video, objects are selectable—resulting in an associated action—akin to linked words or graphics on Web pages. Possible venues for hyperlinked video include broadcast television, streaming video (e.g., video on the Internet or other forms of video-on-demand systems), and published media such as DVD (digital versatile disc). Hyperlinked video offers new interaction poss... View full abstract»

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  • Media in performance: Interactive spaces for dance, theater, circus, and museum exhibits

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):479 - 510
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (24)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3547 KB)

    The future of artistic and expressive communication in the varied forms of film, theater, dance, and narrative tends toward a blend of real and imaginary worlds in which moving images, graphics, and text cooperate with humans and among themselves in the transmission of a message. We have developed a “media actors” software architecture used in conjunction with real-time computer-visi... View full abstract»

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  • Design and implementation of expressive footwear

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):511 - 529
    Cited by:  Papers (26)  |  Patents (39)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1281 KB)

    As an outgrowth of our interest in dense wireless sensing and expressive applications of wearable computing, the Responsive Environments Group at the MIT Media Laboratory has developed a very versatile human-computer interface for the foot. By dense wireless sensing, we mean the remote acquisition of many different parameters with a compact, autonomous sensor cluster. We have developed such a low-... View full abstract»

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  • Things that talk: Using sound for device-to-device and device-to-human communication

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):530 - 546
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (11)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1070 KB)

    Nonlexical sound is explored as both a device-to-device and device-to-human communication medium. Considerations for device-to-device communication include robustness in various environments, potential interference, frequency limitations of conventional and piezoelectric devices, computational complexity, and strategies for ultrasonic and human-audible frequencies. Algorithms include modem protoco... View full abstract»

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  • Applications for data hiding

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):547 - 568
    Cited by:  Papers (16)  |  Patents (93)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6332 KB)

    In an earlier paper, “Techniques for Data Hiding,” the overall goals and constraints of information-hiding problem space and a variety of approaches to information hiding in image, audio, and text were described. In this sequel, information-hiding goals and applications are expanded beyond watermarking to encompass the more general concept of information tagging. As a framework for i... View full abstract»

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  • A new structure for news editing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):569 - 588
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2194 KB)

    Ideally a computational approach could assist in the human-intensive tasks associated with selecting and presenting timely, relevant information, i.e., news editing. At present this goal is difficult to achieve because of the paucity of effective machine-understanding systems for news. A structure for news that affords a fluid interchange between human and machine-derived expertise is a step towar... View full abstract»

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  • Interlingual BRICO

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):589 - 596
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (916 KB)

    BRICO is a broad-coverage ontology built by combining a variety of on-line resources. The initial English ontology has recently been extended to include Spanish, Italian, French, German, and Dutch, and additional extensions are planned. This paper discusses the creation and extension of the interlingual ontology, together with some prototype applications of the database. View full abstract»

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  • Time Frames: Temporal augmentation of the news

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):597 - 616
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (681 KB)

    Great strides have been made in the use of computer tools to create, edit, filter, and present information, particularly since the tremendous growth in the mainstream popularity of the World Wide Web. The presence of a computationally rich environment at all stages of news distribution provides a unique opportunity to use these tools to improve the reader experience. Information provided for a gen... View full abstract»

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  • Out of context: Computer systems that adapt to, and learn from, context

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):617 - 632
    Cited by:  Papers (28)  |  Patents (73)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (854 KB)

    There is a growing realization that computer systems will need to be increasingly sensitive to their context. Traditionally, hardware and software were conceptualized as input/output systems: systems that took input, explicitly given to them by a human, and acted upon that input alone to produce an explicit output. Now, this view is seen as being too restrictive. Smart computers, intelligent agent... View full abstract»

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  • SuperNews: Multiple feeds for multiple views

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):633 - 645
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (916 KB)

    The IBM intranet hosts a range of news “feeds,” or distribution services, from internal and external sources. To read the news of the day, users need to visit a number of Web sites, each with a different categorization, navigational structure, and layout. Transfer of technology from the MIT Media Laboratory to IBM enabled the design of SuperNews, a prototype application that aimed to... View full abstract»

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  • Synthetic News Radio

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):646 - 659
    Cited by:  Patents (29)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    This paper describes a system that uses speech recognition and clustered text news stories to automatically find story boundaries in an audio news broadcast and provides a semantic representation that can match audio news stories of similar content. This system creates a personal, synthetic newscast by extracting stories, based on user interests, from multiple hourly newscasts and then reassemblin... View full abstract»

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  • Everywhere messaging

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):660 - 677
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (725 KB)

    By “;everywhere messaging” we refer to the ability to send and receive electronic communication at any time and through a variety of means, including wired and wireless computer networks, voice telephones, and pagers. Our goal is to design messaging systems in which the receiver is always “on” and available, and messages are correctly chosen for unintrusive delivery. Bu... View full abstract»

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  • Future arts: By and for whom, and for what?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):678 - 679
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (47 KB)

    A bit over 30 years ago, pianist Glenn Gould wrote a visionary article entitled “The Art of Recording” (High Fidelity, April 1966) in which he predicted that the live performance of music would disappear and be replaced by the wonders of studio recording. He went far beyond this, stating that “elevator music”—already a fairly pervasive irritant at the time—... View full abstract»

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  • Learning and expressing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):683 - 684
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (47 KB)

    Of the rapid pace of change over the past decade, Mitchel Resnick said that there are two revolutions brewing. The first revolution is one of technology. The second revolution is one of learning. Taken together, it becomes clear that there is a third revolution, one of personal and interpersonal expression. View full abstract»

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  • Just-in-time information retrieval agents

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):685 - 704
    Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (71)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (267 KB)

    A just-in-time information retrieval agent (JITIR agent) is software that proactively retrieves and presents information based on a person's local context in an easily accessible yet nonintrusive manner. This paper describes three implemented JITIR agents: the Remembrance Agent, Margin Notes, and Jimminy. Theory and design lessons learned from these implementations are presented, drawing from beha... View full abstract»

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  • Toward computers that recognize and respond to user emotion

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):705 - 719
    Cited by:  Papers (32)  |  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (631 KB)

    For a long time emotions have been kept out of the deliberate tools of science; scientists have expressed emotion, but no tools could sense and respond to their affective information. This paper highlights research at the MIT Media Laboratory aimed at giving computers the ability to comfortably sense, recognize, and respond to the human communication of emotion, especially affective states such as... View full abstract»

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  • What's the big idea? Toward a pedagogy of idea power

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):720 - 729
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (109 KB)

    A key to understanding why School is what it is lies in recognizing a systematic tendency to deform ideas in specific ways in order to make them fit into a pedagogical framework. One of these deformations is described here as “disempowering ideas.” The insight leads to a new direction for innovation in education: re-empowering the disempowered ideas. Doing so is not easy: it needs a ... View full abstract»

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  • Silver Stringers and Junior Journalists: Active information producers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):730 - 748
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (486 KB)

    Two projects, Silver Stringers and Junior Journalists, are examples of a shift in the role of the news consumer—community members are actively engaged in publishing pursuits previously confined to the traditional media. Their activities range from news gathering and dissemination to asking questions and debating issues of importance, whether local, international, or topical in scope. This p... View full abstract»

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  • Justifying imagery: Multimedia support for learning through explanation

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):749 - 767
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1618 KB)

    Photographs and video play an important role in classroom learning, serving to illustrate many complex phenomena. However, these images are too often used as “visual aids“—simple explanations of concepts that do not require students to think deeply about the meanings implicit in the imagery. This paper describes an approach to using photographs and video as a primary data sour... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Throughout its history, the IBM Systems Journal has been devoted to software, software systems, and services, focusing on concepts, architectures, and the uses of software.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
John J. Ritsko
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center5