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IBM Systems Journal

Issue 3 • 2003

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Displaying Results 1 - 13 of 13
  • Message from the Vice President, On Demand Innovation Services, Research Division

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s): 1
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (193 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Preface

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):403 - 404
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (30 KB)

    Business and business processes continue to be transformed by information technology. Many companies have already optimized individual processes by using technology to increase productivity and reduce operating costs. Now, entire enterprises are becoming optimized through integrated infrastructures, and some businesses are even optimizing their entire value net through implementation of a dynamic ... View full abstract»

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  • Leading on demand businesses—Executives as architects

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):405 - 413
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (406 KB)

    Fully exploiting the potential of on demand computing requires on demand business models. To respond “on demand” to the unpredicted opportunities of the moment, a business must invest in knowing earlier the meaning of what is happening now rather than in attempting to forecast better the opportunities of the future. This means concentrating on know-why, which is system knowledge, rat... View full abstract»

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  • A survey of manufacturing flexibility: Implications for e-business flexibility

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):414 - 427
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (135 KB)

    Flexibility is an effective means by which an e-business can hedge against uncertainty in a swiftly changing environment. Systems, applications, and business processes—in short, the entire environment supporting e-business—must seamlessly adapt to changes without costly and time-consuming infrastructure overhauls. Decision makers therefore have a growing need for knowledge about e-bu... View full abstract»

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  • Business artifacts: An approach to operational specification

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):428 - 445
    Cited by:  Papers (66)  |  Patents (5)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (199 KB)

    Any business, no matter what physical goods or services it produces, relies on business records. It needs to record details of what it produces in terms of concrete information. Business artifacts are a mechanism to record this information in units that are concrete, identifiable, self-describing, and indivisible. We developed the concept of artifacts, or semantic objects, in the context of a tech... View full abstract»

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  • Context-specific intellectual capital—The next link in the knowledge chain

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):446 - 461
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (526 KB)

    Intellectual capital reuse and sharing in the specialized domain of project planning and execution are the focus of this paper. The key expansion beyond ordinary intellectual capital is pairing a context-specific intellectual capital structure with a matching context-specific intellectual capital management process. Beyond the fundamentals of gathering, archiving, indexing, and subsequently retrie... View full abstract»

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  • The new dynamics of strategy: Sense-making in a complex and complicated world

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):462 - 483
    Cited by:  Papers (31)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (192 KB)

    In this paper, we challenge the universality of three basic assumptions prevalent in organizational decision support and strategy: assumptions of order, of rational choice, and of intent. We describe the Cynefin framework, a sense-making device we have developed to help people make sense of the complexities made visible by the relaxation of these assumptions. The Cynefin framework is derived from ... View full abstract»

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  • An analytic approach for quantifying the value of e-business initiatives

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):484 - 497
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (505 KB)

    We describe an IBM strategic consulting offering involving a methodology and an analytic tool. The methodology, the Risk and Opportunity Assessment, provides a systematic approach for diagnosing problems in the value chain of the enterprise, and for selecting and prioritizing e-business initiatives. Applying this methodology involves the use of an analytic tool, the Value Chain Modeling Tool, that... View full abstract»

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  • Experimental games for the design of reputation management systems

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):498 - 506
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (111 KB)

    Trust between people engaging in economic transactions affects the economic growth of their community. Reputation management systems, such as the Feedback Forum of eBay Inc., can increase the trust level of the participants. We show in this paper that experimental economics can be used in a controlled laboratory environment to measure trust and trust enhancement. Specifically, we present an experi... View full abstract»

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  • Trust, the Internet, and the digital divide

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):507 - 518
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (181 KB)

    The Internet is expected to have a positive impact on economic growth, and its adoption rate will determine the extent of this impact. In this paper, we examine how differences in willingness to trust influence Internet adoption rates across countries. We show that trust has a statistically significant influence on levels of Internet penetration across countries. We also show that success in incre... View full abstract»

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  • Privacy and knowledge management: Challenges in the design of the Lotus Discovery Server

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):519 - 531
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (173 KB)

    The Lotus Discovery Server™ (LDS) is a knowledge management system that lets users browse and search for information and expertise, collaborate instantly with colleagues, share knowledge, and look for resources, in a time-efficient manner. Because a knowledge management system has the power to make visible what was previously obscure, privacy issues are of particular concern. This paper dis... View full abstract»

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  • Technical note—Web service credentials

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):532 - 537
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (82 KB)

    Web service technology promises advances in the dynamic integration of on-line services. Mechanisms are needed to assist in verifying the quality of these services. The end user of a Web service will quickly detect if the content is handled correctly and if the business process rules are adhered to, but often, many unwarranted assumptions are made concerning the quality of a service. Is the provid... View full abstract»

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  • Technical note—XTABLES: Bridging relational technology and XML

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):538 - 541
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (61 KB)

    Additional work completed after the publication of “XTABLES: Bridging relational technology and XML” (IBM Systems Journal 41, No. 4, 2002) indicated that a number of figures containing XQUERY and XML commands in that paper require modifications or additions in order to be correct and complete. We present the modified figures and other queries, along with SQL commands that can be used... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Throughout its history, the IBM Systems Journal has been devoted to software, software systems, and services, focusing on concepts, architectures, and the uses of software.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
John J. Ritsko
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center5