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Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 4 • Date Oct.-Dec. 2009

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Displaying Results 1 - 11 of 11
  • Editorial

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 259
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Guest Editorial: The Many Facets of Remote Laboratories in Online Engineering Education

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 260 - 262
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • On Objectives of Instructional Laboratories, Individual Assessment, and Use of Collaborative Remote Laboratories

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 263 - 274
    Cited by:  Papers (44)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2341 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Three key issues should be addressed to enable universities to deliver engineers who have a solid documented laboratory experience enabling them to design goods and services complying with the requirements of a sustainable society. First, introduce learning objectives of engineering instructional laboratories in courses including laboratory components. Second, implement individual student assessment. Third, introduce free access to online experimental resources as a supplement to the equipment in traditional laboratories. Blekinge Institute of Technology (BTH) in Sweden and the University of South Australia (UniSA) have created online laboratory workbenches for electrical experiments that mimic traditional ones by combining virtual and physical reality. Online workbenches not only supplement traditional ones, but they can also be used for low-cost individual assessment. BTH has started a project disseminating the BTH workbench concept, The Virtual Instrument Systems in Reality (VISIR) Open Laboratory Platform, and invites other universities to set up replicas and participate in further development and standardization. Further, online workbenches offer additional learning possibilities. UniSA has started a project where students located in different countries can perform experiments together as a way to enhance the participants' intercultural competence. This paper discusses online laboratory workbenches and their role in an engineering education appropriate for a sustainable society. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • MIRACLE—Model for Integration of Remote Laboratories in Courses that Use Laboratory and e-Learning Systems

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 275 - 288
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2722 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Emersion of Websites that enable users to easily participate in creation of their content moved individuals on a scale rarely seen before. Web 2.0 transformed the passive reader into an active user and millions of users were drawn into a community previously reserved for professionals only. Users became able to experiment with data, collaborate with other users, and add value to a community of users. A similar revolution is needed in the electrical engineering education. In this field, courses offer a significant amount of theory and generally an unstimulating content to the students. Remote laboratories (RLs) could, however, make a difference. Instead of being passive collectors of the theory, students could become active builders of their own knowledge. At this point, the design of such a laboratory becomes important. Without a detailed user-oriented design, RL could have a counterproductive effect, generating frustration instead of motivation. A team of researchers used the QFD method to translate multidimensional and interdependent user requirements into the RL design model-MIRACLE. The MIRACLE model is based on survey results, instructional design, and good e-learning practice, and as such this model brings satisfaction, raises effectiveness and motivation, and makes electrical engineering courses appealing to students. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • Evolving Remote Laboratory Architectures to Leverage Emerging Internet Technologies

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 289 - 294
    Cited by:  Papers (34)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (538 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    There is growing research into, and development of, the use of the Internet to support remote access by students to physical laboratory infrastructure. These remote laboratories can, under appropriate circumstances, support or even replace traditional (proximal) laboratories, provide additional or improved access at reduced cost, and encourage interinstitutional sharing of expensive resources. Effective design of remote laboratories requires attention to the design of both the pedagogy and the technical infrastructure, as well as how these elements interact. In this paper, we consider the architectures of remote laboratories, the shortcomings of existing implementations, and we argue that emerging internet technologies can assist in overcoming these shortcomings. We also consider the opportunities which these technologies provide in moving beyond both existing remote laboratories and existing proximal laboratories, to create opportunities which were not previously possible. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • An Online RFID Laboratory Learning Environment

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 295 - 303
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (991 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Due to the increasing demand for RFID expertise and the existence of a knowledge gap between industry and academia in this domain, work has been stimulated to help spread understanding in this field and bridge the gap between theoretical examinations and industrial practices. Among the encouraged work, there is the Integrated Auto-ID Technology for Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Studies (I-ATMUS) project that involved developing an online learning environment for RFID technology with a remotely controllable laboratory system. Technological resources can now be accessed by learners through the Web technology to apply appropriate configurations to the system, conduct experiments using RFID technology, and perform statistical analysis on the acquired data. The developed educational tool was used by two sets of students, who showed improvements in their confidence, knowledge, and skills. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • Remote Labs for Industrial IC Testing

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 304 - 311
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1250 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper deals with the remote access to an Integrated Circuits (ICs) Automated Test Equipment (ATE) for both educational and engineering purposes. This experience was initiated in 1998 in the context of a French network (CNFM) in order to provide a distant control to industrial equipment to academic and industrial people. The actual shared resource is a Verigy V93K System-on-Chip (SoC) tester platform. The cost of such equipment is close to 1 million dollar, without taking into account the maintenance and attached human resources expenses to make it work properly daily. Although the sharing of such equipments seems to be obvious for education, the French experience is quite a unique example in the world. The paper introduces the context of industrial IC testing and justifies the introduction of labs in Electrical Engineering curricula. Practical information regarding IC testing and network setup for remote access are detailed, together with lab contents. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • A Distance Measurement Platform Dedicated to Electrical Engineering

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 312 - 319
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1519 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper presents the remote laboratory eLab, dedicated to electrical engineering education. eLab is a flexible measurement platform that permits to run more than 130 experiments in the fields of electronics and microelectronics. The instructor can choose or create different types of pedagogical scenarios, covering teaching requirements from undergraduate to graduate levels. Furthermore, eLab implementation and use do not require any commercial software. Its reliability has been proven during many practical classes in France and other countries. eLab is now a key component of the Bordeaux University e-Learning material in electrical engineering. In the field of analog integrated circuits design, eLab offers a unique measurement solution, which can be combined to traditional circuit simulation sessions. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • Hands-On Remote Labs: Collaborative Web Laboratories as a Case Study for IT Engineering Classes

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 320 - 330
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1896 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The development of a reusable collaborative software framework for the remote control of a large range of laboratory equipments is an interesting topic to teach information technologies in an engineering school. The design and implementation of this kind of framework, in fact, requires the ability to integrate skills about software engineering, computer networks, human-computer interaction, distributed architectures, and remote control of hardware devices (i.e., laboratory equipments). In the paper, we describe our experience in the development of a reusable framework for remote laboratories, which has been adopted as a case study in two different scenarios at our university. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • ReLOAD: Real Laboratories Operated at a Distance

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 331 - 341
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1240 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Remote laboratories are increasingly being developed to provide students with Web-based access to real laboratory experiments. The demonstrable advantages (e.g., increased accessibility) are tempered by concerns that remote access will be substituted for "hands-on?? practical work, and reduce interaction between students. We argue that these concerns can be avoided if remote labs are used appropriately, as with any other pedagogical method. We review studies that have made direct comparisons between remote and hands-on labs, and analyze the important similarities and differences by considering the students' physical and psychological experiences. A case study is presented: "ReLOAD??, which has been in operation since 2001 providing remote operation of dynamic experiments in Mechanical Engineering, featuring personalized experiments, immediate automated grading and feedback, and collaborative learning. We present results from online surveys and from focus groups of students' opinions and experiences with hands-on and remote labs. Drawing from this experience, the characteristic properties of remote-access labs are investigated from a pedagogical perspective. We find that many of the differences and similarities between the modalities are controllable factors, to greater or lesser extents, and provide examples of remote labs offering some valuable educational advantages which are not possible with traditional labs. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • Remote Laboratories Extending Access to Science and Engineering Curricular

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 342 - 353
    Cited by:  Papers (21)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1528 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper draws on research, development, and deployment of remote laboratories undertaken by the authors since 2000. They jointly worked on the PEARL project ( from 2000 to 2003 and have worked on further projects within their own institutions (the Open University, United Kingdom, and the University of Porto, Portugal, respectively) since then. The paper begins with a statement of the rationale for remote experiments, then offers a review of past work of the authors and highlights the key lessons for remote labs drawn from this. These lessons include (1) the importance of removing accessibility barriers, (2) the importance of a pedagogic strategy, (3) evaluation of pedagogic effectiveness, (4) the ease of automation or remote control, and (5) learning objectives and design decisions. The paper then discusses key topics including assessment issues, instructional design, pedagogical strategies, relations to industry, and cost benefits. A conclusion summarizes key points from the paper within a review of the current status of remote labs in education. View full abstract»

    Open Access

Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies (TLT) covers research on such topics as Innovative online learning systems, Intelligent tutors, Educational software applications and games, and Simulation systems for education and training.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Dr. Peter Brusilovsky