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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 4 • Oct.-Dec. 2009

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  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): c1
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  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): c2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): 1
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  • From the Editor's Desk

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): 2
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  • Guest Editors' Introduction: History of Database Management Systems

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):3 - 5
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (526 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This issue tells the history of database management systems through a series of pioneer recollections, principally from people who founded the major DBMS companies or were heavily involved in the growth and development of these products and companies. These eight recollections cover the principal DBMS software products for IBM mainframe computers. IBM itself was a significant player in this market... View full abstract»

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  • How Data Got its Base: Information Storage Software in the 1950s and 1960s

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):6 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3003 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Generalized report generation and file maintenance programs were widely used in the 1950s, standardized by the Share user group with 9PAC and Surge. By the 1960s the first recognizable DBMS systems, such IMS and IDS, had evolved to address the challenges of disk drives and MIS projects. Finally, in the late 1960s Codasyl's Data Base Task Group formulated the DBMS concept itself. View full abstract»

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  • The Commercialization of Database Management Systems, 1969–1983

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):26 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (178 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Database management systems were the most important commercial software packages of the 1970s. The authors reconstruct their early history by examining the evolution of their capabilities and installed base. They also document early user experiences, including the sources from which potential users learned about these new technologies, new roles such as the database administrator, and new concepts... View full abstract»

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  • The Origin of the Integrated Data Store (IDS): The First Direct-Access DBMS

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):42 - 54
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (286 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The integrated data store (IDS), the first direct-access database management system, was developed at General Electric in the early 1960s. Revisiting the development challenges that lead to its first production version reveals the origins of DBMSs and their impact on software development and business management. IDS and its derivative systems are still in use today, supporting a thousand mainframe... View full abstract»

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  • Cincom Systems' Total

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):55 - 61
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    Thomas Nies' experiences at IBM installing applications convinced him that the industry's future was in software. With this article, he describes how Cincom, the company he cofounded in 1968 with only $600 in capital, grew into one of the largest software products firms in the world. Beginning with its early database management product, Total, Nies details the company's history and strategic busin... View full abstract»

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  • IMS @ Conception

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):62 - 65
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (303 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Database and data communication software systems extend a computer's operational environment to reduce programming effort and provide a standardized face for production operations. Developed in the mid-1960s, Information Management System/360 began as a joint project to enable Rockwell Space Division's transition to System/360 computers. This project resulted in one of the first of this class of s... View full abstract»

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  • The Information Management System (IMS) Program Product

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):66 - 75
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (476 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Information Management System (IMS) was one of the first program products offered by IBM. From its inception in a North American Rockwell and IBM joint study in the 1960s, the product has evolved into the preeminent transaction processing database management system (DBMS). Throughout its history, IMS has remained the leader in DBMS technology. View full abstract»

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  • System 2000: The MRI Systems Corporation

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):76 - 86
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4031 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    System 2000 was developed in 1970 and then successfully marketed by a small firm of DBMS technology entrepreneurs in Austin, Texas. Before the company was acquired by Intel Corporation in 1979, System 2000 was installed at more than 300 customer sites and used by more than 400 other organizations via Remote Computing Service firms. It remains in use today. View full abstract»

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  • The History of Datacom/DB

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):87 - 91
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (140 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In the 40 years since its inception, Datacom/DB has been one of the most powerful and reliable database management systems available. It is still an industry-leading DBMS for the IBM mainframe environment, used by more than 1,000 mainframe sites around the world. A brief history of Datacom/DB reveals the various companies that have owned it, its evolution, and its companion products. View full abstract»

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  • Adabas: Software AG of North America

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):92 - 99
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Software AG of North America acquired and marketed the Adabas database management system (DBMS) for IBM mainframe computers primarily in the US. In this article, the company's founder John Norris Maguire outlines marketing, sales, and pricing issues with Adabas and places its technical and business history within the context of Software AG's competitors, focusing particularly on the challenge of c... View full abstract»

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  • History of The CA IDMS Database Management System

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):100 - 106
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (233 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The origins of IDMS can be traced from Charles Bachman's work on IDS at GE in the 1960s, through its formative years at B.F. Goodrich in the 1970s and its introduction into the commercial market by Cullinane/Cullinet Software into the 1980s. The modern CA IDMS evolved from a network model DBMS to one that supports multiple data models and an entire line of database administration and application d... View full abstract»

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  • Events and Sightings [including IEEE Computer Society Awards]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):107 - 109
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  • The Beginnings of TECO

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):110 - 115
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Reviews

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):116 - 117
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  • On the Absence of Obsolescence

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):118 - 120
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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  • [Advertisement - Back cover]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): c3
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  • [Advertisement - Back cover]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): c4
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  • Annual Index

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): 1
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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu