Issue 3 • Date Third Quarter 1999
The TCP/IP protocol suite is the standard requirement for all applications that need to communicate over the Internet. As TCP/IP applications are unable to specify the QoS parameters needed for most asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) services, they tend to use the unspecified bit rate (UBR) service category when running across ATM networks. The UBR service utilizes any bandwidth that is left unused by the rest of the ATM services. This has led the ATM forum's traffic management group to define a new service category called guaranteed frame rate (GFR). GFR is intended to provide minimum cell rate guarantees and fair access to excess bandwidth left over from higher-priority services. This article first presents a tutorial overview of GFR and then presents a survey of the research work that has been carried out toward the design and implementation of associated ATM switch mechanisms. View full abstract»
Selective packet dropping policies have been used to reduce congestion and transmission of traffic that would inevitably be retransmitted. For data applications using best-effort services, packet dropping policies (PDPs) are congestion management mechanisms implemented at each intermediate node that decide, reactively or proactively, to drop packets to reduce congestion and free up precious buffer space. While the primary goal of PDPs is to avoid or combat congestion, the individual PDP designs can significantly affect application throughput, network utilization, performance fairness, and synchronization problems with multiple transmission control protocol (TCP) connections. Scalability and simplicity are also important design issues. This article surveys the most important selective packet dropping policies that have been designed for best-effort traffic in ATM and IP networks, providing a comprehensive comparison between the different mechanisms. View full abstract»
The general packet radio service (GPRS) is a new bearer service for GSM that greatly improves and simplifies wireless access to packet data networks, e.g., to the Internet. It applies a packet radio principle to transfer user data packets in an efficient way between mobile stations and external packet data networks. This tutorial gives an introduction to GPRS. The article discusses the system architecture and its basic functionality. It explains the offered services, the session and mobility management, the routing, the GPRS air interface including channel coding, and the GPRS protocol architecture. Finally, an interworking example between GPRS and IP networks is shown. View full abstract»
The proliferation and development of cellular voice systems over the past several years has exposed the capabilities and the effectiveness of wireless communications and, thus, has paved the way for wide-area wireless data applications as well. The demand for such applications is currently experiencing a significant increase and, therefore, there is a strong call for advanced and efficient mobile data technologies. This article deals with these mobile data technologies and aims to exhibit their potential. It provides a thorough survey of the most important mobile packet data services and technologies, including MOBITEX, CDPD, ARDIS, and the emerging GPRS. For each technology, the article outlines its main technical characteristics, discusses its architectural aspects, and explains the medium access protocol, the services provided, and the mobile routing scheme. View full abstract»
Aims & Scope
IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials is an online journal published by the IEEE Communications Society for tutorials and surveys covering all aspects of the communications field. Telecommunications technology is progressing at a rapid pace, and the IEEE Communications Society is committed to providing researchers and other professionals the information and tools to stay abreast.
Meet Our Editors
Ekram Hossain, Ph.D., P.Eng.
University of Manitoba