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Early Access Articles

Early Access articles are new content made available in advance of the final electronic or print versions and result from IEEE's Preprint or Rapid Post processes. Preprint articles are peer-reviewed but not fully edited. Rapid Post articles are peer-reviewed and edited but not paginated. Both these types of Early Access articles are fully citable from the moment they appear in IEEE Xplore.

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Displaying Results 1 - 9 of 9
  • Constructing a Resource-Sharing Platform for Biomedical IP Trading

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (515 KB)  

    This project aims at designing and building a resource-sharing and online transaction platform to support and facilitate the technology transfer from the biotech academia to the industry and to prosper Biotech industry in Taiwan. This project constructs a web-based platform, namely BioIPMall, for biomedical IP trading, analyzing and developing strategy. To facilitate the classification and categorization of biotechnology, a tree-structured classification framework was constructed to create the taxonomy system in this project. The framework is composed of two main categories: “Industrial Application” and “Biotechnology” and 259 sub-categories totally. This biotechnology classification tree has been used to facilitate data mining and tech matchmaking process in BioIPMall. A prototypical business model was developed for providing IP management and technology transfer services. Currently 342 bio-related patents or technologies have been gathered from research institutes and have been posted on BioIPMall. Website available at: http://www.bioipmall.com.tw/. View full abstract»

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  • Development of Standardization Clinical Document Generation System for Medical Information Exchanges

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (391 KB)  

    Patients' medical records in hospitals are complicated. It is difficult to exchange information among hospitals without followed standard format. In order to facilitate the exchange of medical information, a standardization project is supported by government and has developed guidelines for electronic medical records. More than 100 paper forms are collected from hospitals and have been reviewed by experts. Then, the fields in each form have been converted into the standardized format of Clinical Document Architecture (CDA), as a reference for inter-hospital information exchange. We have included real situation sample codes and the validation constrains for each of the forms. We have also set up a system in order to create the more than 100 types of standard document samples. Extensible Markup Language (XML) based CDA documents can be quickly generated automatically through the system. It will facilitate the medical information exchange and to enhance the quality of medical services. View full abstract»

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  • Medical Image Viewing On Multi-Core Platforms Using Software Patterns For Parallel Computing

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (181 KB)  

    Software patterns codify the collective knowledge and experience of software experts. Over the years, the parallel programming community has accumulated a significant amount of experience in the form of software patterns. We show that parallel programming patterns can be used in medical imaging applications on multicore platforms. We discuss two problem decomposition patterns – task and data decomposition, which can be used to expose concurrency in programming tasks; and three program structuring patterns – task parallelism, data parallelism, and pipelining, which can be exploited to structure a parallel program. We illustrate how to use those patterns to improve the startup time, runtime throughput, and algorithm reliability in medical image viewing, visualization, and analysis on multicore platforms. Our experience suggests that the computing power provided by multicore and many core platforms can be systematically exploited in medical imaging applications by following the best practices established by software patterns for parallel programming. View full abstract»

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  • Information Technology in the Development of Electronic Health Records in Taiwan

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)  

    The use of electronic medical record is the developmental tendency in Hospital Information Systems (HIS). It can be expanded to form Electronic Health Records (EHR). Its value consists of its ability to integrate the health information of patients from different sources. The Taiwan Electronic Medical Record Template (TMT) was developed to provide a basic structure of reference for establishing electronic medical records in the unique medical environment in Taiwan. This paper will review past developments in electronic medical record between 2004 and 2009 in Taiwan and scrutinize the current application and development of international electronic medical record exchange standards. Additionally, this study will address the TMT construction process and its information architecture as well as its information safety design and describe the TMT information transfer mechanism and present some application samples. Finally, the researchers will present concrete suggestions conducive to the study of future medical information exchange standards. View full abstract»

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  • IT Innovations: Evaluate, Strategize & Invest

    Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (361 KB)  

    Technology innovations have shaped the IT Industry ever since its inception. Adoption of a particular innovation sometime becomes a key survival factor. Incumbents not adopting an innovation may loose market share. IBM lost market share to Microsoft who adopted the emergence of PC during the Mainframe era. Siebel who were late to realize the potential of SaaS lost market share to Salesforce. Evaluating a trend becomes important. In this attempt, “Diffusion of Innovations (DoI)” theory by Everett M. Rogers was found incomplete since the focus there is mostly on the “customer context”. However, historical analysis of IT innovations hint at influence by other contexts like the “Competitor Context” and the “Technical Intricacies Context”. “Business Ecosystem” play a very vital role in IT. This paper proposes a new framework to evaluate emerging trends. Emerging trends like SaaS, SOA and cloud computing have been analyzed using this framework. View full abstract»

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  • Finding Your True IT Transformation

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (166 KB)  

    If you want to transform the business and cause a dramatic improvement for the enterprise, you’ll need to start by truly transforming your IT life cycle. It’s easy to believe that IT is truly reinventing itself by hiring new people, installing new tools, or with a new methodology. However, providing transformational leadership starts with the leadership itself along with the development of the three core competencies of Strategy, Solutions, and Implementation. They should be put into practice as concurrent activities because the “new IT you” will not be sustainable if your organization accomplishes these activities only one time. Your job in IT leadership is to develop all three competencies in your organization by cultivating the necessary skills and techniques, and then to cause each of them to happen continuously and concurrently. When these changes become the new habits of the organization, you are on the path to true transformation. View full abstract»

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  • Semantic Web Technologies: Ready for Adoption?!

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (238 KB)  

    Semantic Web is one of the fastest developing fields within the Information and Communication Technology sector and, as such, under constant examination by scientists and IT professionals. In this article, the authors will try to provide an assessment of the maturity and the adoption level of the available Semantic Web tools and technologies and to determine how researchers and practitioners are using and interrelating the semantic technologies. This will be achieved by providing the state-of-the-art in Semantic Web research in the European Union, analyzing the functionalities and the features of innovative Semantic Web solutions and discussing the extent of adoption of semantic web technologies in practice. The overall analysis has shown that the Semantic Web technologies are finding their ways to real-world applications, and that, rather than being merely a fashionable research issue, the Semantic Web is becoming our reality, slowly but surely. View full abstract»

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  • BUSINESS–IT STRATEGIC ALIGNMENT MATURITY:
 PREDICTING THE IMPACT ON TRANSFORMATIONAL STRATEGY
 AND BUSINESS RESULTS

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (317 KB)  

    Academic and management literature hypothesize that organizations that adopt organizational and management practices (“complementary factors”) that improve IT-business communications and partnership are better able to transform their business models. This implies that these firms obtain higher productivity and profitability from IT investments than organizations with comparable levels of IT investment. This study employs a stage-growth model (the “strategic alignment maturity model”) that focuses on the evolution of a bilateral and ideally co-adaptive relationship between business and information technology functions to empirically test that hypothesis. Employing the results of a survey of pharmaceutical industry business and IT executives, this research provides new insights into the relationship between IT-business strategic alignment maturity and firm-level productivity and profitability. This study also helps to quantify important “complementary factors” that provide transformational impact on a firm’s production function by its investments in IT. View full abstract»

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  • Equal Format Data Using Semantic-Relational Encoding

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (709 KB)  

    Equal Format Data using Semantic-Relational Encoding, by Dean Keith, President, Datura LLC, Howell, MI USA. Abstract: Background. Entity-Relationship Modeling with Normalization dominates database applications. Semantic modeling is used in the Semantic Web and other knowledgebase applications. Object modeling dominates engineering applications and software engineering. These logical models have been incompatible with each other, and between models of the same type. In an attempt to resolve this dilemma, we replaced Entity-Relational modeling with a Semantic-Relational database storage model. Results. By creating relational table structures that hold data semantically, one can create general purpose database structures called Equal Format Databases. The more robust one makes the structure, the more forms of data and metadata that can be stored. Data in this format, carrying its contextual identification and control information, is much more transportable because of its structural independence. Multiple logical models can be mixed together simultaneously. View full abstract»

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