# IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 28
• ### Table of contents

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):C1 - 365
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• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): C2
| PDF (39 KB)
• ### A Comprehensive Methodology for Complex Field Programmable Gate Array Single Event Effects Test and Evaluation

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):366 - 374
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| | PDF (869 KB) | HTML

A methodology for evaluating various types of FPGAs targeted for space missions is presented. The premise is to supply unambiguous SEE information so that flight-projects may insert the optimal device for their application. View full abstract»

• ### Low-Power Amplifier-Discriminators for High Time Resolution Detection

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):375 - 381
Cited by:  Papers (13)
| | PDF (1057 KB) | HTML

Low-power amplifier-discriminators based on a so-called NINO architecture have been developed with high time resolution for the readout of radiation detectors. Two different circuits were integrated in the NINO13 chip, processed in IBM 130 nm CMOS technology. The LCO version (Low Capacitance and consumption Optimization) was designed for potential use as front-end electronics in the Gigatracker of... View full abstract»

• ### Distributed Low-Voltage System for the Front End of the HADES Timing RPC Wall

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):382 - 387
Cited by:  Papers (11)
| | PDF (525 KB) | HTML

The power supply system for the front-end electronics of the HADES resistive plate chamber (RPC) detector, installed at GSI (Darmstadt, Germany), is described. The system has a distributed architecture that includes custom low-voltage boards using isolated DC-DC switching converters. These converters are compact and operate at high efficiency. The converters are fitted with input and output electr... View full abstract»

• ### Digital Architecture and Interface of the New ATLAS Pixel Front-End IC for Upgraded LHC Luminosity

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):388 - 393
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (870 KB) | HTML

A new pixel front-end integrated circuit is being developed in a 130 nm technology for use in the foreseen b-layer upgrade of the ATLAS pixel detector. Development of this chip is considered as an intermediate step towards super-LHC upgrade, and also allows having a smaller radius insertable pixel layer. The higher luminosity for which this chip is tuned implies a complete redefinition of the digi... View full abstract»

• ### Construction and Performance of a High Granularity Calorimeter

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):394 - 397
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We describe the realization and performance of a prototype high granularity calorimeter built with lead and scintillating fibers. We describe the calorimeter construction and show cosmic ray and electron test beam results obtained with a custom-designed trigger. View full abstract»

• ### Validation of Geant4 Low Energy Electromagnetic Processes Against Precision Measurements of Electron Energy Deposition

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):398 - 416
Cited by:  Papers (20)
| | PDF (673 KB) | HTML

A comparison of energy deposition profiles produced by Geant4-based simulations against calorimetric measurements is reported, specifically addressing the low energy range. The energy delivered by primary and secondary particles is analyzed as a function of the penetration depth. The experimental data concern electron beams of energy between approximately 50 keV and 1 MeV and several target materi... View full abstract»

• ### Low Energy Dosimetry With Photon Counting Pixel Detectors Such as Medipix

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):417 - 423
Cited by:  Papers (9)
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Hybrid semiconductor photon counting pixel detectors like the Medipix detector have several advantages for an use in X-ray dosimetry. The noiseless photon counting principle allows to monitor low photon energies down to 3.5 keV. Due to the small pixel size (55 mum in case of Medipix2) dosimetry at very high dose rates is possible still processing each photon individually. The large amount of pixel... View full abstract»

• ### Cylindrical Silicon-on-Insulator Microdosimeter: Design, Fabrication and TCAD Modeling

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):424 - 428
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| | PDF (1449 KB) | HTML

A novel silicon-on-insulator (SOI) microdosimeter has been designed and fabricated using planar processing techniques to realise a device with a micron-scale well-defined sensitive volume. Cylindrical structures were employed to allow for an improved definition of the average chord length of the sensitive volume over that of previous elongated parallelepiped solid-state detector designs. The struc... View full abstract»

• ### A Comparative Study of the Effect of Calibration Conditions on the Water Equivalence of a Range of Gel Dosimeters

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):429 - 436
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| | PDF (344 KB) | HTML

Gel dosimeters are of increasing interest in the field of radiation oncology as the only truly three-dimensional integrating radiation dosimeter. There are a range of ferrous-sulphate and polymer gel dosimeters. To be of use, they must be water-equivalent. On their own, this relates to their radiological properties as determined by their composition. In the context of calibration of gel dosimeters... View full abstract»

• ### Performance of Argon-Xenon Mixtures in a Gas Proportional Scintillation Counter for the 0.1–10 keV X-Ray Region

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):437 - 440
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (320 KB) | HTML

The performance of a gas proportional scintillation counter filled with either pure Xe or Ar-Xe mixtures is described for the 0.1-10 keV X-ray energy range. It is shown that the spectra tail distortion exhibited by Xe filled gaseous detectors for soft X-rays below 2 keV is reduced if Ar-Xe mixtures are used. The peak-to-valley ratio increases by a factor of about 2 or 3 as the Xe concentration is ... View full abstract»

• ### Using Electronic Neutron Generators in Active Interrogation to Detect Shielded Fissionable Material

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):441 - 447
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| | PDF (911 KB) | HTML

Experiments have been performed at Idaho National Laboratory to study methodology and instrumentation for performing neutron active interrogation die-away analyses for the purpose of detecting shielded fissionable material. Here we report initial work using a portable DT electronic neutron generator with a 3He neutron detector to detect shielded fissionable material including enriched u... View full abstract»

• ### Space Saving and Power Efficient Readout System for Cosmic-Ray Muon Radiography

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):448 - 452
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (929 KB) | HTML

Cosmic-ray muon radiography has been used to probe the internal structure of volcanoes. To overcome limitations on constructing an observation station, we developed a small-sized readout system with power consumption low enough to be powered by a small solar-power system. The system can be placed near a volcano and can detect cosmic-ray muons that penetrate the volcano and subsequently generate an... View full abstract»

• ### The Use of Hidden Markov Models for Anomaly Detection in Nuclear Core Condition Monitoring

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):453 - 461
Cited by:  Papers (6)
| | PDF (741 KB) | HTML

Unplanned outages can be especially costly for generation companies operating nuclear facilities. Early detection of deviations from expected performance through condition monitoring can allow a more proactive and managed approach to dealing with ageing plant. This paper proposes an anomaly detection framework incorporating the use of the Hidden Markov Model (HMM) to support the analysis of nuclea... View full abstract»

• ### Polycrystalline CVD Diamonds for the Beam Calorimeter of the ILC

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):462 - 467
Cited by:  Papers (9)
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Polycrystalline artificial diamond produced by chemical vapor deposition (pCVD) is a possible sensor material for the beam calorimeter of the ILC. The requirements are linearity over a large range of flux and radiation hardness against a total ionizing dose of several MGy per year of operation. A hadron test beam at the CERN PS was used to study the linearity of the response of pCVD sensors. An el... View full abstract»

• ### Development of Radiation Hard ${rm N}^{+}$-on-P Silicon Microstrip Sensors for Super LHC

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):468 - 473
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| | PDF (1027 KB) | HTML

Radiation tolerance up to 1015 1-MeV neq/cm2 is required for the silicon microstrip sensors to be operated at the Super LHC experiment. As a candidate for such sensors, we are investigating non-inverting n+-on-p sensors. We manufactured sample sensors of 1 times 1 cm in 4" and 6" processes with implementing different interstrip electrical isolation struc... View full abstract»

• ### Simplified Birthday Statistics and Hamming EDAC

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):474 - 478
Cited by:  Papers (18)
| | PDF (154 KB) | HTML

Space systems use error detection and correction (EDAC) schemes to protect memory contents from single event upsets (SEUs). Hamming EDAC is the preferred scheme for fast, random access memories. It allows for the correction of a single bit error within a word and the detection of a double bit error. The common assumption is that the likelihood of an uncorrectable double bit error is very small. Th... View full abstract»

• ### Standoff 3D Gamma-Ray Imaging

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):479 - 486
Cited by:  Papers (11)  |  Patents (3)
| | PDF (770 KB) | HTML

We present a new standoff imaging technique able to provide 3-dimensional (3D) images of gamma-ray sources distributed in the environment. Unlike standard 3D tomographic methods, this technique does not require the radioactive sources to be bounded within a predefined physical space. In the present implementation, the gamma-ray imaging system is based on two large planar HPGe double sided segmente... View full abstract»

• ### RG64—High Count Rate Low Noise Multichannel ASIC With Energy Window Selection and Continuous Readout Mode

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):487 - 495
Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (3)
| | PDF (1398 KB) | HTML

We report on the performance of a low noise and high count rate readout ASIC with binary architecture and energy window selection for X-ray imaging applications using semiconductor detectors. The ASIC called RG64 is designed in 0.35 mum CMOS process and its total area is 3900times5000 mum2. The core of RG64 consists of 64 readout channels. Each channel is built of a charge sensitive amp... View full abstract»

• ### Analysis and Characterization of Pre-Diffusion in Multi-Linear Silicon Drift Detectors

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):496 - 504
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (913 KB) | HTML

Multi-linear silicon drift detectors (MLSDD) are silicon detectors in which signal electrons are confined within parallel drifting columns at few micrometers from the anodes' surface and transported towards point-like anodes by an electrostatic field. During the initial motion across the thickness the signal electrons spread in all directions to a given width - we call this phenomenon pre-diffusio... View full abstract»

• ### 3D Active Edge Silicon Detector Tests With 120 GeV Muons

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):505 - 518
Cited by:  Papers (14)
| | PDF (2220 KB) | HTML

3D detectors with electrodes penetrating through the silicon wafer and covering the edges were tested in the SPS beam line X5 at CERN in autumn 2003. Detector parameters including efficiency, signal-to-noise ratio, and edge sensitivity were measured using a silicon telescope as a reference system. The measured sensitive width and the known silicon width were equal within less than 10 mum. View full abstract»

• ### Hybrid Pixel Particle-Detector Without Bump Interconnection

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):519 - 528
Cited by:  Papers (12)
| | PDF (1890 KB) | HTML

A hybrid pixel particle-detector which does not require bump-interconnection is presented. The sensor signals are transmitted from the sensor to the readout chip using capacitive (AC) coupling. In order to facilitate the signal transmission, simple preamplifiers are implemented in the sensor pixels. The sensor chip with 100% fill-factor and in-pixel amplification is implemented in a standard high-... View full abstract»

• ### Erratum to “Simulation Study on the Effect of Multiple Node Charge Collection on Error Cross-Section in CMOS Sequential Logic”

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):529 - 530
| | PDF (289 KB) | HTML

In the above titled paper (ibid., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 3136-3140, Dec 08), Figs. 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8 were incorrectly published. The correct figures, with their corresponding captions, are presented here. View full abstract»

• ### Erratum to “Single-Event Effect Mitigation in Switched-Capacitor Comparator Designs” [Dec 08 3440-3446]

Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): 531
| | PDF (71 KB) | HTML

In the above titled paper (ibid., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 3440-3446, Dec 08), Figs. 2 and 6 were incorrectly published. The correct figures, with their corresponding captions, are presented here. View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

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