# IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

## Issue 6  Part 2 • Dec. 2008

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 34

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):C1 - 3530
| |PDF (86 KB)
• ### IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): C2
| |PDF (38 KB)
• ### Comparative Analysis of Methods for Isochronous Magnetic-Field Calculation

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3531 - 3538
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| |PDF (1495 KB) | HTML

Accurate magnetic fields are needed for defining the operation of a multipurpose cyclotron as well as for designing other parts of the machine, as an input parameter. The quality of an isochronous magnetic field is evaluated by the closeness of the obtained ion gyration frequency to its required value. The commonly used method of isochronous field calculation for sector focused cyclotrons was Gord... View full abstract»

• ### Physics Analysis Tools for the CMS Experiment at LHC

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3539 - 3543
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| |PDF (191 KB) | HTML

The CMS experiment is expected to start data taking during 2008, and large data samples, of the peta-bytes scale, will be produced each year. The CMS Physics Tools package provides the CMS physicist with a powerful and flexible software layer for analysis of these huge datasets that is well integrated in the CMS experiment software. C++ generic programming is used to allow simple extensions of ana... View full abstract»

• ### Effect of Normalization Algorithms on the Analysis of Bragg Peak Profiles

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3544 - 3549
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| |PDF (223 KB) | HTML

A study has been performed to evaluate the effect of normalization criteria applied to the comparison of depth dose profiles relevant to proton therapy applications. The results suggest that the widely used criterion of rescaling dose profiles based on the Bragg peak height (or on the dose value at any specific depth) affects the outcome of the goodness-of-fit tests. A normalization procedure cons... View full abstract»

• ### Monte Carlo Simulation of a $^{198}$Au Thin Foil: The Response of a $4pi beta hbox{-} gamma$ Detector

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3550 - 3555
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| |PDF (206 KB) | HTML

Monte Carlo simulations have been performed of the decay of a 198Au solid source within a 4pibeta- gamma coincidence detector. Calculations of the proportional counter efficiency to both beta and gamma emissions are simulated. A comparison of results obtained using the MCNP-5 and Geant4 simulation packages indicates that Geant4 better evaluates the K correction to the coincidence... View full abstract»

• ### The ATLAS Event Builder

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3556 - 3562
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| |PDF (581 KB) | HTML

Event data from proton-proton collisions at the LHC will be selected by the ATLAS experiment in a three-level trigger system, which, at its first two trigger levels (LVL1+LVL2), reduces the initial bunch crossing rate of 40 MHz to ~ 3 kHz. At this rate, the Event Builder collects the data from the readout system PCs (ROSs) and provides fully assembled events to the Event Filter (EF). The EF is the... View full abstract»

• ### Digital Pulse Shape Acquisition From the Focal Plane Detector of MAGNEX Spectrometer

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3563 - 3570
Cited by:  Papers (15)
| |PDF (422 KB) | HTML

We applied the digital pulse shape acquisition to the read out of the anode pads of the focal plane detector of the MAGNEX spectrometer in order to measure the position coordinates using digital signal processing. View full abstract»

• ### Application of High-Energy Photon CT System With Laser-Compton Scattering to Non-Destructive Test

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3571 - 3578
Cited by:  Papers (8)
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A computed tomography (CT) system using high-energy monochromatic photons is one of the best choices for non-destructive tests, to detect flaws or defects in manufactured items for the purpose of improving quality control, and quality assurance. We have developed such a CT system based on laser-Compton X-rays, which were generated with an electron accelerator and a laser beam. Using 10 MeV laser-C... View full abstract»

• ### Ecological Interface Design in the Nuclear Domain: An Application to the Secondary Subsystems of a Boiling Water Reactor Plant Simulator

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3579 - 3596
Cited by:  Papers (14)
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Accident investigations have revealed that unanticipated events are often precursors of major accidents. Unfortunately, conventional approaches to interface design for complex systems do not explicitly support problem solving during unanticipated events. Ecological Interface Design (EID) is a theoretical framework for designing computer interfaces that explicitly aims to support worker adaptation,... View full abstract»

• ### Ecological Interface Design in the Nuclear Domain: An Empirical Evaluation of Ecological Displays for the Secondary Subsystems of a Boiling Water Reactor Plant Simulator

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3597 - 3610
Cited by:  Papers (19)
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Laboratory studies have shown that ecological interfaces can enhance operator performance in process control. However, limited verification and validation studies in representative settings are impeding the adoption of the Ecological Interface Design (EID) framework in the nuclear domain. A companion article presents an application of EID to the secondary side of a boiling water reactor plant simu... View full abstract»

• ### Enhanced Neural Network Based Fault Detection of a VVER Nuclear Power Plant With the Aid of Principal Component Analysis

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3611 - 3619
Cited by:  Papers (17)
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This paper presents a neural network based fault diagnosing approach which allows dynamic fault identification. The method utilizes the principal component analysis (PCA) technique to dramatically reduce the problem dimension. Such a dimension reduction approach leads to faster diagnosing and allows a better graphical presentation of the results. To show the effectiveness of the proposed approach,... View full abstract»

• ### Quantum Detection Efficiency in Geiger Mode Avalanche Photodiodes

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3620 - 3625
Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (9)
| |PDF (554 KB) | HTML

The fabrication of silicon shallow junction photodiodes is a relevant topic for the detection of blue and near ultraviolet weak photon fluxes. In this paper we present a simple model to calculate the quantum detection efficiency (QDE) of a Geiger mode avalanche photodiode (GMAP) as a function of the dead layer thickness above the junction depletion layer. A comparison between calculated and experi... View full abstract»

• ### New Approach for the Prediction of CCD Dark Current Distribution in a Space Radiation Environment

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3626 - 3632
Cited by:  Papers (13)
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Commercial Off-The-Shelf Charge Coupled Devices were irradiated with protons at energies ranging from 17 MeV to 200 MeV. Evolution of the dark current distribution during irradiation is discussed. A general method is presented to predict the increase of both mean dark current and associated non-uniformity after a monoenergetic proton irradiation. The results are found to be in good agreement with ... View full abstract»

• ### Radiation Effects on InGaN Quantum Wells and GaN Simultaneously Probed by Ion Beam-Induced Luminescence

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3633 - 3637
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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InGaN quantum well structures on GaN epilayers were exposed to 500 keV alpha particles to fluences above 1014 cm2 to probe the relative radiation tolerance of the epilayer and wells. Performance was estimated by the intensity of ion-beam induced luminescence. Two separate types of quantum well structures emitted at 470 and 510 nm prior to irradiation, and only small wavelengt... View full abstract»

• ### Short Strips for the sLHC: A P-Type Silicon Microstrip Detector in 3-D Technology

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3638 - 3642
Cited by:  Papers (5)
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The luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the sLHC, will constitute an extremely challenging radiation environment for tracking detectors. With respect to the LHC, large improvements in radiation hardness are required. In this paper, we investigated the expected radiation hardness of the 3-D-design, where rows of 3-D-columns are etched in substrate material and joined together to ... View full abstract»

• ### A Fieldable-Prototype, Large-Area, Gamma-Ray Imager for Orphan Source Search

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3643 - 3653
Cited by:  Papers (16)
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We have constructed a unique instrument for use in the search for orphan sources. The system uses gamma-ray imaging to ldquosee throughrdquo the natural background variations that effectively limit the sensitivity of current devices. The imager is mounted in a 4.9-m-long trailer and can be towed by a large personal vehicle. Source locations are determined both in range and along the direction of t... View full abstract»

• ### The Use of Gamma-Ray Imaging to Improve Portal Monitor Performance

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3654 - 3664
Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (1)
| |PDF (4372 KB) | HTML

We have constructed a prototype, rapid-deployment portal monitor that uses visible-light and gamma-ray imaging to allow simultaneous monitoring of multiple lanes of traffic from the side of a roadway. Our Roadside Tracker uses automated target acquisition and tracking (TAT) software to identify and track vehicles in visible light images. The field of view of the visible camera overlaps with and is... View full abstract»

• ### Small-Scale Readout System Prototype for the STAR PIXEL Detector

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3665 - 3672
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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A prototype readout system for the STAR PIXEL detector in the Heavy Flavor Tracker (HFT) vertex detector upgrade is presented. The PIXEL detector is a monolithic active pixel sensor (MAPS) based silicon pixel vertex detector fabricated in a commercial CMOS process that integrates the detector and front-end electronics layers in one silicon die. Two generations of MAPS prototypes designed specifica... View full abstract»

• ### A 128-Channel CMOS Charge Readout ASIC for Flat-Panel X-Ray Detectors

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3673 - 3683
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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A CMOS charge readout ASIC (SD7110) for flat-panel X-ray detectors was designed and tested. This ASIC contains 128 readout channels, with each channel consisting of a charge sensitive amplifier, a correlated double sampler, and a track-and-hold circuit. Channel outputs are read out via a 128:1 analog multiplexer and fed into an external 16-bit A/D converter. Conversion gain can be selected from 0.... View full abstract»

• ### Investigation of Luminescence Properties of Lu$_{2}$SiO$_{5}$:Ce (LSO) Powder Scintillator in the X-Ray Radiography Energy Range

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3684 - 3691
Cited by:  Papers (4)
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This paper investigates the light emission efficiency of Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO) powder scintillator under conditions employed in projection X-ray imaging. Although single-crystal LSO has been thoroughly studied in medical imaging energies, the efficiency of powder LSO has not been previously investigated experimentally under X-ray medical radiography conditions. For this purpose, t... View full abstract»

• ### Exploratory Research on the Development of Novel ${rm Ce}^{3+}$-Activated Phosphate Glass Scintillators

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3692 - 3702
Cited by:  Papers (13)
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We report the discovery of a new family of Ce3+-activated phosphate glass scintillators that can be formed either with or without the addition of 6Li, for neutron or X-ray/gamma-ray radiation detection, respectively. Trivalent cerium can be efficiently introduced into these phosphate glasses in surprisingly high concentrations in the form of anhydrous cerium tri-chloride. Add... View full abstract»

• ### Light Emission Efficiency of ${rm Gd}_{2} {rm O} _{2} {rm S}!!!:!!!{rm Eu}$ (GOS:Eu) Powder Screens Under X-Ray Mammography Conditions

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3703 - 3709
Cited by:  Papers (15)
| |PDF (296 KB) | HTML

The aim of this study was to examine Gd2O2S:Eu (also known as GOS:Eu) powder scintillator under X-ray mammography imaging conditions. For this purpose, three scintillator screens with coating thicknesses of 33.1, 46.4 and 63.1 mg/cm2 were prepared in our laboratory by sedimentation of Gd2O2S:Eu powder. Light emission efficiency and optical emi... View full abstract»

• ### Boron-10 Loaded BC523A Liquid Scintillator for Neutron Detection in the Border Monitoring

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3710 - 3716
Cited by:  Papers (25)  |  Patents (1)
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A BC523A liquid scintillator loaded with boron-10 was tested as a detector for both fast and thermal neutrons. A pulse shape discrimination (PSD) method based on a zero-crossing principle was applied to distinguish between neutron and gamma radiation. High quantum efficiency Photonis XP5500B photomultiplier was used to enhance light detection from the scintillator. This allowed a good registration... View full abstract»

• ### Energy Resolution of Plastic Scintillation Detector for Beta Rays

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):3717 - 3724
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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Many experiments on neutrinoless double beta decays have been proposed recently for determining the effective mass of neutrinos. Some of them use a plastic scintillator for measuring the beta-ray energy. Achieving a high energy resolution is critical for neutrinoless double beta decay experiments (e.g., MOON and superNEMO). The motivation of this study is to investigate the energy resolution of a ... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

Full Aims & Scope

## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Paul Dressendorfer
11509 Paseo del Oso NE
Albuquerque, NM  87111  USA