IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 4 • Oct.-Dec. 2008

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Displaying Results 1 - 18 of 18
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): c1
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  • call-for-papers

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): c2
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  • From the Editor's Desk

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):2 - 3
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    First Page of the Article
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  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): nan
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Patterns and Practices in How Information Technology Spread around the World

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):4 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (313 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Information technology spread around the world faster than most other technologies in recent centuries. A combination of eight approaches made this happen, each occurring simultaneously in varying degrees between the 1950s and the present. View full abstract»

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  • Big Blue in the Bottomless Pit: The Early Years of IBM Chile

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):26 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (566 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In examining the history of IBM in Chile, this article asks how IBM came to dominate Chile's computer market and, to address this question, emphasizes the importance of studying both IBM corporate strategy and Chilean national history. The article also examines how IBM reproduced its corporate culture in Latin America and used it to accommodate the region's political and economic changes. View full abstract»

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  • Engineering International Expansion: IBM and Remington Rand in European Computer Markets

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):42 - 58
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (314 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    US computer manufacturers-including IBM and Remington Rand-expanded into Europe after World War II. The companies overcame resistances and adjusted to different market conditions; how they did this, and why IBM succeeded more than others, is examined here. This article argues that IBM adeptly managed-or engineered-relationships with foreign governments and stakeholders through a European-wide manu... View full abstract»

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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): 59
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  • The SAP Story: Evolution of SAP within the German Software Industry

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):60 - 76
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (399 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The success of the German company SAP and its enterprise software contradicts the widespread assumption of American dominance in the computer software industry. In this combined business and technology history of SAP, the author explores the individuals and ideas behind the concept of standardized, integrated business software and how SAP developed from a small company to a global market leader. View full abstract»

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  • National Projects and International Users: Finland and Early European Computerization

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):77 - 91
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (330 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    By the time the first operational electronic digital computer was installed in Helsinki in 1958, Finland's computerization was already far advanced. The Finnish experience helps illustrate the spread of computing technology in Northern Europe. In Finland's case, it occurred through a combination of national goals and internationally acquired technology and expertise. View full abstract»

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  • The LINC computer at 45

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):92 - 97
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (280 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The LINC (Laboratory Instrument Computer) was designed by Wesley A. Clark and Charles E. Molnar at MIT's Lincoln Laboratory in 1962, assisted by a team of approximately a dozen people under Clark's leadership. Over the years, nearly 100 LINCs were built for use in medical research before the design was absorbed into the DEC PDP-12. View full abstract»

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  • The Origin of the Winter Simulation Conferences

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):98 - 102
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (141 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Discrete-event simulation has never been, and is not now, part of the computer theory or applications mainstream. Discrete-event simulation is an asynchronous procedure in which time jumps from the current event to the time of the next event. To a large degree, it developed as a counter element in the emerging computer culture of the 1960s a tool for support in an area that aimed toward the practi... View full abstract»

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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): 103
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  • Reviews [review of two books]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):104 - 105
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    Reviews of Digital Apollo: Human and Machine in Spaceflight and Internet Alley: High Technology in Tysons Corner, 1945-2005. View full abstract»

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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): 107
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  • Repurposing Turing's "Human Brake"

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): 108
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (118 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    1945, Alan Turing theorized one of the major stumbling blocks to computing technology's potential, coining the term "the human brake." The human brake slowed computing processes by delegating actions to human operators that should ideally reside within the capabilities of a machine and its programming. Turing went on to outline a stored program computer that aimed to revolutionize the current stat... View full abstract»

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  • call-for-papers

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): c3
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  • call-for-papers

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): c4
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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu