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Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Issue 6 • Date November-December 2008

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 30
  • Front cover - IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine - Nov.-Dec. 2008

    Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Table of contents - Vol 27 No 6

    Page(s): 1 - 2
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Good-bye and happy holidays! [From the Editor]

    Page(s): 3
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Foundations of innovation [President's Message]

    Page(s): 4
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • What's up in the regions? [Society News]

    Page(s): 5 - 6
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Call for Nomminations 2009 - IEEE EMBS Award for Excellence in Biomedical Technology

    Page(s): 6
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Protection of the health care and public health critical infrastructure and key assets

    Page(s): 8 - 13
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (201 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The theme of this special publication focuses on a broad range of science and technology issues as well as the economical, political, and policy interplays within the health care and public health critical infrastructures and key asset areas. This article will attempt to show that efforts are needed by all parties involved in areas for improving health care deliveries and the public health infrastructures, and critical aspects related to interoperability and the interdependence of processes and systems should be at the forefront of all future considerations. This special issue will, therefore, be centered around the topic of uninteroperability. View full abstract»

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  • ICORR 2009

    Page(s): 14
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging

    Page(s): 15
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Public health information infrastructure

    Page(s): 16 - 20
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (179 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The public health infrastructure is a set of agencies and organizations whose mission is to create the environment in which we can be healthy. This broadest of definitions includes state and local health departments, selected federal agencies, and a wide range of other governmental, nonprofit, and for-profit agencies and organizations. This report will limit itself to state and local health departments and the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the nation's foremost public health agency. With numerous exceptions, this public health infrastructure is in a state of crisis, incapable of meeting our collective needs for public health protections and services, and likely to get worse in the near-term future. View full abstract»

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  • Improving the health care and public health critical infrastructure

    Page(s): 21 - 25
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (331 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    If you think in terms of your lifetime, you may ponder that while the hours, minutes, and seconds of a day have remained the same, the amount of information that you have received, let's say, in the 1980s compared with now, 2008, is drastically different. The size of information received in a day now is larger than what you have received in the past years. The information age has also created a wide range of tools, technologies, and techniques that continuously deliver enormous amounts of data, information, and knowledge. We are increasingly flooded with e-mails that routinely have a plethora of documents (in electronic form) that come in all shapes and forms (multimedia etc.) and more sophisticated types of data and information transmissions from sensing and monitoring devices as well. To compound this issue, there are usually no rules or standards, other than common sense, on how or where we should store all this information or knowledge. The bad news is that, with so much of information flow, it is difficult to filter in just the piece that may be needed at the right time. In many cases, we may not be aware where that information may be or if it exists somewhere at all. However, an information glut caused by a combination of pervasive systems and converging technologies may allow us to get useful and, at times, critical information anywhere and at the right time. In the past decade, with the proliferation of the Internet and the World Wide Web, many past and ongoing efforts have tried to improve the movement from text documents and database records to automated reasoning. This process is critical in particular for information sharing. This article provides a background of knowledge management for public health information infrastructure, followed by an illustration of the complexity of knowledge management for health care. We then present an evolving framework for semantic expression that would enable the sharing and exchange of knowledge in public health. View full abstract»

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  • From clean dishes to clean hands

    Page(s): 26 - 28
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (381 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    In the United States, hospital-acquired infections account for around 99,000 patient deaths per year. These infections are increasingly caused by drug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which accounts for 19,000 patient deaths per year. Fresh perspectives with tools adapted from other disciplines may provide the insight to identify opportunities for local and regional prevention efforts. For the past several years, we have researched novel methods to understand the nature of infectious spread. In one example, we applied a geographic information system (GIS) to clearly demonstrate flawed hospital processes, including inappropriate patient placement and poor hand washing by providers. Recently, we applied a shared community health record to identify the complex web of interhospital interactions and coordinate a regional infection control intervention. View full abstract»

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  • Future delivery of health care: Cybercare

    Page(s): 29 - 38
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (366 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Health-care system reforms can change the structure of the current U.S. health-care system, from centralized large hospitals to a distributed, networked healthcare system. In our model, medical care is delivered locally in neighborhoods and individual homes, using computer technologies like telemedicine, to link patients and primary care providers to tertiary medical providers. This decentralization could reduce costs enough to provide all citizens with medical insurance coverage; it would benefit patients and providers; and as a dual-use system, it would better protect the country's resources and citizens in an event of biological terror or natural disasters. View full abstract»

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  • Electromagnetic interference risk analysis

    Page(s): 39 - 41
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    Daily mitigation of and planning for intentional or unintentional EMI should be a part of a medical facilities ongoing spectrum management just as annual condition and risk assessments are performed at other facilities. A reasonable supply of spare electronic components should be stored safely on site and readily available (network switches, wireless access points, disks, computers, instrumentation). Although some planning can rely on good-faith compliance, protection and planning for noncompliance and electronic device failure is a necessity. View full abstract»

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  • National security strategy for U.S. water

    Page(s): 42 - 53
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (762 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Being adept at crafting national policy inherently demands that those at the table have a deep and comprehensive understanding of problem areas, and of historical details associated with progress that has been made, and that which has yet to be made. Undertaking the task of crafting national strategies, or engaging in policy discussions without possessing the prerequisites can predictably produce a variety of nationally degrading effects. Those effects include mounting public costs associated with irrational policy mis-adventures, lost opportunity costs that may not ever be recoverable, remediation costs, and costs associated with detrimental impacts on select demographies, or whole populations. Such is the story of US National Security Strategy for the Water Sector. When crafting a national policy schematic to encompass the 'water sector,' the manner in which water is to be available, the types of, and quantities of water needed for human consumption - cannot be items in a side-parlor discussion, nor can key environmental considerations that have the potential to affect the quality and quantity of water the human race will need. Solutions are difficult to conceive and much less implement, in large part due to an imposing public perception that high complexity has infiltrated every aspect of our lives, and that complexity presents an insurmountable eventuality. Such a perception has carried on creating a monolithic sensation, a mental impression, and a standing and unchallenged political justification for inaction in the face of multiple escalating challenges, with the titanic potential to amount to great national consequences. This body of work recounts certain shortfalls in the analyses - used to conceive and place into service, the US National Security Strategy for the Water Sector. Additionally, a reformed and renewed 'cooperative engineering' orientation capable of delivering an efficient, effective, beneficial and complete National Security Strategy policy- - framework in introduced - drawn from the need for tightly coupled interoperability amongst multiple variables/entities in the national strategy spaces, policy spaces and the operational spaces, with strong considerations of historicals. View full abstract»

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  • Health care, public health, and the food and agriculture critical infrastructures

    Page(s): 54 - 58
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (252 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Widespread national concern and demanded that the U.S. Government should adopt a national approach for ensuring U.S. food product safety. With approximately one in four U.S. consumers contracting illnesses from contaminated food products annually, the United States must develop and use a national food product safety management enterprise architecture (EA) to protect this critical national infrastructure industry.recent U.S. food product incidents confirm that the health care, public health, and the food and agriculture critical infrastructures are at significant risk. These risks are not constrained exclusively for the United States and are applicable to our global food partners. View full abstract»

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  • IEEE Systems Journal Special Issue on "Biometrics Systems"

    Page(s): 59
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE/NH Life Science Systems & Applications Workshop 2009

    Page(s): 60
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Management of vaccine inventories as a critical health resource

    Page(s): 61 - 65
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (523 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This article presents the results of the Louisiana 2007 statewide influenza mass-vaccination event drill for emergency preparedness. This drill simulated a mass-immunization event to determine the value of using the state's immunization registry to provide real-time information to decision makers in emergency command centers to support vaccine utilization and regional needs. The goal was to determine the value of real-time data and, in particular, to determine how the statewide registry could support these efforts. In this context, a project was designed for health providers at specific state-designated vaccine points of distribution to capture vaccine utilization data with real-time reporting to command centers to determine demand and availability of vaccine supplies. View full abstract»

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  • Counterfeiting and piracy of pharmaceuticals

    Page(s): 66 - 69
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    Estimates on counterfeit trade exceed US$200 billion, and inspections across the world cost billions, yet only a very few shipments are actually inspected. This issue has particularly impacted the vital life sciences supply chain. This article discusses what solutions are at hand to reduce illicit trade and ensure a safe and secure supply of pharmaceuticals. View full abstract»

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  • The poor condition of the U.S. infrastructure

    Page(s): 70 - 71
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (115 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    An aging water system is a threat to the Nation's Prosperity. The area of our water supply, which is challenged by aging wastewater facilities and leaking drinking-water pipes and received a collective grade of D minus in 2005. Investing in our infrastructure would not only protect public health but also create jobs and stimulate the economy; this investment would be lasting, but time is working against our country's infrastructure. View full abstract»

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  • IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement: Special Issue on "Biometric Instrumentation and Measurement"

    Page(s): 72
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  • Systems Thinking?...Think of the IEEE Systems Journal

    Page(s): 73
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  • Global health and policy implications of dust storms: A disease transportation system [Government Affairs]

    Page(s): 74 - 79
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE EMBC '09

    Page(s): 80
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    Freely Available from IEEE

Aims & Scope

IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine contains articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering.

 

This Magazine ceased publication in 2010. The current retitled publication is IEEE Pulse.

Full Aims & Scope