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IEE Proceedings A - Physical Science, Measurement and Instrumentation, Management and Education - Reviews

Issue 8 • Date December 1985

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Displaying Results 1 - 13 of 13
  • History of electrical engineering

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):489 - 490
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (213 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Nicholas callan ¿ priest, professor and scientist

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):491 - 497
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1420 KB)

    Nicholas Callan (1799¿1864) was an Irish priest and scientist who, although his name has been largely forgotten by historians, was a pioneer of electrical science. He invented the induction coil some fifteen years before Ruhmkorff, to whom credit is usually given. He developed some very practical batteries and also experimented with crude forms of electric lighting. Callan was also a very saintly... View full abstract»

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  • The first century of the wiring regulations

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):498 - 502
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (874 KB)

    Every edition of the Wiring Regulations has attracted criticism and praise, but no one today questions the IEE's right to make the rules. It was not always so. For many years insurance companies produced their own rules, which had to be followed before they would insure buildings with electrical installations. Those responsible for designing and installing wiring and equipment found the multiplici... View full abstract»

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  • Optical, chemical and capillary oscillographs

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):503 - 512
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1519 KB)

    With the spread of alternating-current systems at the end of the nineteenth century, the need for a convenient and reliable method of displaying waveforms became more urgent. Certain methods were developed to a high degree of usefulness, notably the rotating contacts, the Blondel/Duddell mechanical oscillographs and eventually, of course, the cathode-ray tube. The paper recalls three other methods... View full abstract»

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  • Charging for electricity in the early years of electricity supply

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):513 - 524
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2327 KB)

    The paper begins by outlining the difficulties which faced the early electrical entrepreneurs when they tried to devise methods of charging for electricity supply which were fair, accurate and economic. It discusses the alternatives to fully metered supplies, and also the arguments about the relative merits of energy and quantity meters. The major part of the paper describes the most important typ... View full abstract»

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  • Ohm's law and the schuster effect

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):525 - 532
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1273 KB)

    While working in Wilhelm Weber's laboratory in Gottingen, Arthur Schuster made a series of observations that appeared to throw doubt on the validity of Ohm's law. The British Association established an investigating committee under James Clerk Maxwell. A new series of experiments, conducted at the Cavendish Laboratory by George Chrystal, validated Ohm's law and showed that Schuster's original obse... View full abstract»

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  • Distribution diary

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):533 - 542
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2104 KB)

    The paper extends an earlier paper in giving details of operating experience of some of the early networks in the London area and draws attention to their limitations and advantages at the time. It mentions the strongly held views of certain engineers of the advantages of AC over DC and the later efforts of some undertakings to use established DC network cables to supply AC. The use of pilot cable... View full abstract»

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  • Duplex telegraphy and the artificial line: the beginnings of system modelling

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):543 - 552
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1647 KB)

    The two principal systems of duplex telegraphy are described, as are the more significant proposals, beginning in 1853, for duplexing short land lines. J.B. Stearns's involvement with the British Post Office Telegraphs in 1870 and the introduction of duplex working on that system are described in detail. The introduction of gutta percha insulated cables in the late 1840s, the subsequent understand... View full abstract»

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  • The history of television for public showing in cinemas in the united kingdom

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):553 - 563
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1790 KB)

    When J.L. Baird, in 1923, commenced his work on television, he had in mind the development of a system which would enable people to sit in a cinema and see on the screen the finish of the Derby, or some other topical event. Subsequently, he demonstrated a crude form of large-screen television in July 1930, and, on 1st June 1932, at a special demonstration given in the Metropole Cinema, London, he ... View full abstract»

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  • History of the electrical units and early standards

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):564 - 573
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1559 KB)

    In 1861 the British Association set up a committee, led by Thomson (i.e. Kelvin) and Clerk Maxwell, which proposed the electrical units which are still in use, based on the metric system. Names were given to them to avoid ambiguities, and prefixes based on ratios of 1000 were introduced, both on the lines suggested by Bright and Latimer Clark. These units, specified by material standards, became t... View full abstract»

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  • Two electrical periodicals: The Electrician and The Electrical Review 1880¿1890

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):574 - 581
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1247 KB)

    From the late 1870s two weekly periodicals, The Electrician and The Electrical Review, not only reported widely on all developments and matters of interest to electrical engineers, but also provided a forum for their distinguished editorial staff and others to comment on matters of concern to the newly emerging industry. Their correspondence columns provided a lively outlet for professionals and a... View full abstract»

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  • Two electrical book collections: The ronalds and thompson libraries

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):582 - 586
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1386 KB)

    Two fine rare book collections on electricity and magnetism in the IEE are described in the paper. The Sir Francis Ronalds collection of 2000 books and 4000 pamphlets was acquired in 1876, while the S.P. Thompson collection of 900 rare books and 2500 nineteenth and early twentieth century titles was acquired in 1917. A small collection of 200 autograph letters was filed in Thompson's nineteenth an... View full abstract»

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  • The cry for useless knowledge: education for a new Victorian technology

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):587 - 601
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2710 KB)

    Electrical engineering was a key element in late 19th century technical education. The paper describes the forms it took in the constituent institutions of the City and Guilds of London Institute for the Advancement of Technical Education: Finsbury College, the Central Institution and the Technological Examinations system; and describes the intellectual environment into which they were placed. It ... View full abstract»

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