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# IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology

### Early Access Articles

Early Access articles are made available in advance of the final electronic or print versions. Early Access articles are peer reviewed but may not be fully edited. They are fully citable from the moment they appear in IEEE Xplore.

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 51
• ### Performance Evaluation of UTBB FDSOI, FinFETs, and SOI FinFETs via Mechanical Stresses and Body Biasing

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (761 KB)

FinFETs and ultra-thin body and buried oxide fully depleted silicon on insulator (UTBB-FDSOI) are the main transistors currently used in advanced integrated circuits (ICs). The tunable electrical properties via back-biasing facilitate the threshold voltage adjustment and enable IC designers to achieve a highly efficient and low-power-consuming operation. This study compares the modulation rate bef... View full abstract»

• ### Continuous Fabrication of Highly Conductive and Transparent Ag Mesh Electrodes for Flexible Electronics

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (546 KB)

Flexible transparent conductive electrodes are essential components for flexible electronics and more functions are combined in such components for miniaturization and design flexibility. The embedded metal mesh, due to the merits of good transparency, conductivity and flexibility, is regarded as a promising candidate for transparent conductive electrodes. This study reports a continuous fabricati... View full abstract»

• ### Design and Simulation of a 128kb Embedded Non-Volatile Memory based on a Hybrid RRAM (HfO2) / 28nm FDSOI CMOS Technology

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1677 KB)

Emerging Non-Volatile Memories (NVM) based on resistive switching mechanism such as RRAM are under intense R&D investigation by both academics and industries. They provide high write/read speed, low power and good endurance (e.g. >1012) beyond mainstream NVMs, enabling them to be a good candidate for Flash replacement in Micro-Controller Unit (MCU). This replacement could significantly decrease th... View full abstract»

• ### The effects of water on the dielectric properties of aluminum based nanocomposites

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (2650 KB)

A series of polyethylene nanocomposites was prepared utilizing aluminum nitride or alumina nano-powders with comparable morphologies. These were subsequently subjected to different conditioning regimes, namely prolonged storage in vacuum, the ambient laboratory environment or in water. The effect of filler loading and conditioning (i.e. water content) on their morphological and dielectric properti... View full abstract»

• ### Synthesis of CIS Quantum Dots in Low Temperature Regime: Effects of Precursor Composition and Temperature Ramps

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1285 KB)

Copper Indium Sulfide (CIS) – based quantum dots (QDs) have strong potential for future large-scale applications in photovoltaic, display, and optoelectronic sectors, partly due to their minimal toxicity. CIS QDs are usually grown at temperatures over 200°C. In this work, we present a gram-scale, non-injection synthesis of CIS-based QDs in a low temperature regime and report, through... View full abstract»

• ### 3D nano-acoustic Bragg reflectors for CMOS embedded NEMS

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1210 KB)

Integration of CMOS electronic circuits and electromechanical resonators has been pursued for a long time by many different research groups and even foundries. This would improve the overall performance of electromechanical oscillators and sensors. However, the postprocessing on the CMOS substrates that is necessary to attain this integration increases the production cost so much that it becomes n... View full abstract»

• ### Skybridge-3D-CMOS: A Fine-Grained 3D CMOS Integrated Circuit Technology

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1750 KB)

Parallel and monolithic 3D integration directions realize 3D integrated circuits (ICs) by utilizing layer-by-layer implementations, with each functional layer being composed in 2D. In contrast, vertically-composed 3D CMOS has eluded us likely due to the seemingly insurmountable requirement of highly customized complex routing and regional 3D doping to form and connect CMOS pull-up and pull-down ne... View full abstract»

• ### Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Transparent Electrode Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition for Organic Light Emitting Devices

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (931 KB)

Transparent conductive aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films are being introduced as alternatives to indium tin oxide (ITO) films, because they do not contain indium, which is expensive and toxic. In this study, the structural, electrical, and optical properties of AZO electrodes fabricated by atomic layer deposition (ALD) at a low temperature of 150 ℃ were examined by X-ray photoemission sp... View full abstract»

• ### Synthesis of RuO $_{2}$ Nanowires by Alkali-Assisted Oxidation of Ruthenium in Plasma Afterglow at Atmospheric Pressure

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (2014 KB) |  Media

RuO $_{2}$ nanowires are synthesized by oxidation of ruthenium thanks to a micro-post-discharge at atmospheric pressure. However, RuO $_{2}$ nanowires form islands. The growth mechanism depending on surface defects, the surface density of the nanowires is limited. We report on the influence of two alkali salts, NaCl and KCl, deposited a... View full abstract»

• ### The Effect of Ultrasonic Dispersion on the Surface Chemistry of Carbon Nanotubes in the Jeffamine D-230 Polyetheramine Medium

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (930 KB)

This paper studies changes in the surface chemistry of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) where they are under ultrasonication process in Jeffamine D-230 polyetheramine medium. Jeffamine is used as a curing agent in the nanocomposite manufacturing process. In the nanocomposite technology, ultrasonication process is employed as a method for dispersion of CNTs in a suspension. This research tries to investigat... View full abstract»

• ### Fabrication of planar back end of line compatible HfOx Complementary Resistive Switches

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (2132 KB)

This paper presents the fabrication, together with morphological and electrical characterizations of complementary resistive switches using the nanodamascene process. The asfabricated devices are fully embedded in an insulating oxide, opening the way for further process steps such as 3D monolithic integration. Complementary resistive switches electrical performance are consistent with resistive ra... View full abstract»

• ### Circuit Modeling of Waveguide Grating Nanostructures in Ultrathin Solar Cells

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1502 KB)

In this paper, a circuit modeling is used to investigate the effects of waveguide grating nanostructures on the performance of ultrathin solar cells. The proposed method is based on transmission line equivalent circuit (TLEC) and it is identified for both of the transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) polarizations. Under assumption of weakcoupling condition, this method can effectiv... View full abstract»

• ### STEM: A Scheme for Two-phase Evaluation of Majority Logic

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (5581 KB)

The switching time of a magnet in a spin current based majority gate depends on the input vector combination, and this often restricts the speed of majority-based circuits. To address this issue, this work proposes a novel two-phase scheme to implement majority logic and evaluates it on an all-spin logic (ASL) majority-based logic structures. In Phase 1, the output is initialized to a preset value... View full abstract»

• ### Top-down technology for reconfigurable nanowire FETs with symmetric on-currents

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1517 KB)

In this paper a technology for top-down single-gated Schottky barrier transistor is presented exhibiting the highest symmetry of on-currents for n- and p-conductance of such SOI based devices. The symmetry in the current-voltagecharacteristics is a mandatory requirement to realize circuits with reconfigurable nanowire field effect transistors (RFETs) whose channel can be switched electrostatically... View full abstract»

• ### Crystallinity of Silicon-Shells Deposited onto Germanium and Silicon Nanowires for Core-Shell Nanostructures and Nanotubes

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (645 KB)

Core-shell nanowires are an essential component of numerous nanoscale device concepts. In this work, germanium and silicon nanowires were synthesized bottom-up using the vapor-liquid-solid technique and successively modified with a silicon shell. The shell synthesis was studied with focus to the crystallinity but includes as well the electrical characteristics of n- and p-doped radial core-shell n... View full abstract»

• ### Numerical Modeling of Magnetic Nanoparticle and Carrier Fluid Interactions under Static and Double-Shear Flows

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1161 KB)

Magnetic nanoparticles are widely utilized in smart materials; the most well-known application being magnetorheological (MR) fluids. In this paper, a comprehensive numerical model of magnetic nanoparticles and the carrier fluid interactions is presented. The soft sphere model approach is adopted to simulate the nanoparticle interactions at a coarse molecular level, with the consideration of both c... View full abstract»

• ### Ultrahigh Storage Densities via the Scaling of Patterned Probe Phase-Change Memories

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (722 KB)

The scaling potential of patterned probe phase-change memory (PP-PCM) cells is investigated, down to single-nanometer dimensions, using physically realistic simulations that combine electro-thermal modelling with a Gillespie Cellular Automata (GCA) phase-change model. For this study, a trilayer TiN/Ge $_2$ Sb $_2$ Te ... View full abstract»

• ### The unexpected complexity of filling double-wall carbon nanotubes with nickel (and iodine) 1D nanocrystals

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1688 KB)

A variety of iodine-based 1D nanocrystals were introduced into double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) using the molten phase method, as an intermediate step for ultimately obtaining encapsulated metal nanowires. Based on high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) observations using different imaging modes (bright field, dark field, scanning TEM) and associated analytical tools (electr... View full abstract»

• ### Interfacial Tuning for Detection of Cortisol in Sweat using ZnO Thin Films towards Wearable Biosensing

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1031 KB)

We have demonstrated the detection of stress hormone cortisol from sweat using a flexible biosensing platform. Sweat based detection faces many challenges such as stability of electrodes, sensitivity and specificity. The surface states of zinc oxide (ZnO) can be leveraged for immobilizing various linker molecules for ultra-specific detection of biomolecules. In this study, we have used thiol based... View full abstract»

• ### Biomaterial gelatin film based crossbar structure resistive switching devices

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (966 KB)

Crossbar structural resistive switching devices (memristors) are fabricated using biomaterial gelatin film as the dielectric layer. The performance of the devices and the effects of gelatin film thickness and baking temperature are investigated. Results show that the optimal gelatin film thickness for the memristors is ~80 nm and baking temperature ~105 oC. The optimized memristors show a bipolar ... View full abstract»

• ### Performance enhancement in n-channel organic field-effect transistors using ferroelectric material as a gate dielectric

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (2475 KB)

Organic field-effect transistors were elaborated using N,N'-ditridecylperylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI-C $_{13}$ ) as transport electron material and two polymeric insulators were used as gate dielectric : polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), a low-k material widely used in OFETs and poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)), a ferroelectr... View full abstract»

• ### Responsivity Enhancement of Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Photodetectors on Silicon-On-Insulator Substrates by Plasmonic Nanoantennas

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (721 KB)

We report metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors fabricated on a silicon-on-insulator substrate, exhibiting an enhanced responsivity in the near-infrared due to the incorporation of Au-nanoantennas at the optical input port. The optimal antenna design and the photoresponse enhancements have been calculated using detailed finite-difference time-domain simulations. These nanoantennas modify th... View full abstract»

• ### Simulated Measurements of the Magnetic Behavior of New Dual-Mode Nanosized Contrast Agents

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (1582 KB)

Aim of this work was to perform simulated measurements of the magnetic behavior of a novel class of bimodal nanosized contrast agents (CAs), made of a silica core covered by smaller superparamagnetic nanoparticles (NPs) and designed to be detected through both ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in order to compare their performance in terms of MRI signal enhancement with that of the ... View full abstract»

• ### Control of growth modes by carbon mediation in formation of Ge quantum dots on Si(100)

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (584 KB)

Control and mechanism analysis of a Ge quantum dot (QD) formation on a Si(100) substrate by using carbon (C)-mediated c(4×4) surface reconstruction (SR) and solid-phase epitaxy (SPE) methods were demonstrated. The Si surface was reconstructed via the formation of C-Si bonds before Ge deposition in the SR method, while the QDs were formed by annealing of an amorphous Ge/C/Si heterostructure ... View full abstract»

• ### Development of Dithienosilole-pyridalthiadiazole-based Copolymer as an Electron Donor in Organic Photovoltaic Cells

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): 1
| | PDF (2008 KB) |  Media

The effect of nitrogen insertion in a benzothiadiazole (BT) moiety was investigated via the synthesis of a novel copolymer based on dithienosilole (DTS) and pyridalthiadiazole (PT), the heterocyclic counterpart. Stille cross coupling of the respectively electron rich and electron poor units yields poly[(4,4’-didodecyldithieno[3,2-b:2’,3’-d]silole-2,6-diyl)-alt-(2,1,3-pyridalth... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

The IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology is devoted to the publication of manuscripts of archival value in the general area of nanotechnology, which is rapidly emerging as one of the fastest growing and most promising new technological developments for the next generation and beyond.

Full Aims & Scope

## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Fabrizio Lombardi
Dept. of ECE
Northeastern Univ.