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IEEE Transactions on Military Electronics

Issue 2 & 3 • Date April-July 1963

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 36
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE Professional Technical Group on Military Electronics

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): c2
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  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): 83
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  • Where Do We Go from Here?

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):84 - 85
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  • Foreword

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):86 - 89
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  • Signals Assimilable by Living Organisms and by Machines

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):90 - 93
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (868 KB)

    Man-machine systems may be highly unified and tightly coupled so that they operate practically as a single entity or they may be loosely coupled so that the interfaces are easily discernible and the interaction easily understood whether the interface be close to the biological organism, as in the case of bio-transducers or close to the machine as in conventional digital computers. In most existing... View full abstract»

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  • Systems and Information

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):94 - 97
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1054 KB)

    Information theory is essentially a method for retaining some knowledge of cause-effect relations when the causes, and their effects, become so many that detailed knowledge of each pair is abandoned, while an over-all check is retained that at least the number of causes is sufficient to account for the number of effects. Communication theory has been severely restricted by its original concentrati... View full abstract»

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  • Functional Electronic Model of the Frog Retina

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):98 - 103
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1639 KB)

    Based on some earlier concepts, a functional electronic model of the frog retina has been designed and constructed. This system duplicates functionally the four image-feature-abstraction process found by Lettvin and co-workers in the frog retina. From the input image, the model abstracts 1) edges, 2) moving convexities, 3) contrast changes, and 4) net dimming. Information presented to the receptor... View full abstract»

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  • Spectral Scanning as a Mechanism of Color Vision

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):103 - 108
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1834 KB)

    In perceiving color the eye performs a wavelength discrimination process which is analogous to the angular discrimination performed in a tracking radar. There are two basic principles for achieving angular discrimination: 1) multiple detectors with different angular response characteristics and 2) a single detector which scans its response characteristic. Up to now only the multiple-detector appro... View full abstract»

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  • Tactile Presentation of Visual Information

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):108 - 113
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1429 KB)

    Psychophysical experiments on tactile sensations were performed to determine parameters needed in the design of a tactile display containing about one hundred stimulators. This tactile displayis being used to present spatial and temporal patterns to the skin to investigate the pattern recognition capabilities of the tactile sense. Airjet tactile stimulators were used in the experiments because the... View full abstract»

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  • A Discrete Model for Eye Tracking Movements

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):113 - 115
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1118 KB)

    A sampled data model was developed to describe the major characteristics of the eye movement control system for nonpredictive tracking. It agrees with experimental transient responses and frequency characteristics for normal eye movements during following of a moving target in a horizontal plane. Furthermore, the model predicts the observed changes in transient and frequency characteristics and th... View full abstract»

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  • Limits to Animal Discrimination and Recognition in a Noise-Free External Environment

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):116 - 131
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4391 KB)

    One and two dimensional sensory mechanisms, corresponding to one patch and a line array, respectively, of sensory cells are analyzed. A fundamental stimulus conversion law to average neural pulse rate is employed to explain several phenomena in psychophysics. A theory for neural noise is developed which is shown to specify the limits to animal discrimination and to explain certain observed neural ... View full abstract»

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  • Tuning between Central Auditory Pathways and the Ear

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):131 - 143
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5437 KB)

    Emphasis in research on auditory signal reception has shifted in recent years from studies of the peripheral area alone to include more and more the central portion of the auditory pathways. The findings are characterized by timing mechanisms well balanced between excitatory and inhibitory processes on the one hand and both the selection of auditory information and the concept of two channels of t... View full abstract»

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  • Glial Control of Neuronal Activity

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):144 - 155
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4885 KB)

    The concept that the activity of neurons is both passively and actively modified by the surrounding glial and other non-neuronal cells is found in this review to be supported, but not conclusively demonstrated, by recent and previously unreported experiments. The evidence makes such non-neuronal control seem highly likely in the vertebrate retina. In particular, the non-neuronal horizontal cells o... View full abstract»

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  • CHILD and SPOCK

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):156 - 159
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    In order to study the structure and acquisition of perception and motor skills, we are simulating on a digital computer some features of a baby's sensorimotor development. The baby comes to be able to recognize and manipulate objects, taking into account their movements and other spatial relationships. He performs purposeful actions naturally described in terms of their effects on his environment ... View full abstract»

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  • Relational Biology and Bionics

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):160 - 162
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (933 KB)

    "Relational Biology" is the name given by N. Rashevsky to an approach to biological systems in which, roughly speaking, one seeks to understand the properties of these systems in terms of a decomposition into functional components, rather than into structural components as is commonly done in (metric) biology. An approach of this type seems a most natural way of comprehending the types of organiza... View full abstract»

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  • Constraint Algebra-A Supervisory Programming Technique and a Cognitive Process

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):163 - 167
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (811 KB)

    Mathematical models of complex physical or bionic systems involve many simultaneous nonlinear equations. These groups of relationships are difficult to manipulate and even simulalation on a computer is unwieldy because most computational paths are multidirectional and are either over-or under-constrained. The foundation and purposes for an algebra of contraints are outlined in this paper. A typica... View full abstract»

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  • Realizability of Inductive Logic

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):168 - 173
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1347 KB)

    The basic model is a two-way communication system in which observer O transmits axioms A, interprets received message S* by rules R of a Post normal logic. O's strategy is to generate (applying R to A) derivations S that minimze d(S, S*), subject, among other things, to R being Turing universal. This implies1 that (A, R: S*) are analogs of complementary observables and interaction potential in qua... View full abstract»

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  • Experiments in Adaptive Pattern Recognition

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):174 - 179
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1625 KB)

    The purpose of this paper and the experiments which it describes has been to supply data concerning the power of some Perceptron-like adaptive pattern recognition systems using linear discriminate functions. Three problems have been presented to such a machine: hand-print classification, blood-cell sorting and target identification in gray-scale aerial photographs. Performance of decision function... View full abstract»

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  • Recognition of Sounds by Cochlear Patterns

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):179 - 185
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1201 KB)

    An electrical analog of the human ear has been developed to provide real-time cochlear patterns of subjective loudness along the basilar membrane. Resulting spatial patterns may be analogous to those found in the auditory centers of the central nervous system. It is hypothesized that cochlear pattern shapes are of primary importance in the recognition of sound. It is further hypothesized that the ... View full abstract»

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  • Pattern Recognition as a Problem in Decision Theory and an Application to Speech Recognition

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):186 - 189
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (955 KB)

    After a general discussion of pattern recognition as a problem in statistical decision theory, an application of these concepts is made to the recognition of speech sounds by a method which uses the same principles for preprocessing of sound as does the human auditory system. The decision rule found for minimizing the average risk for a specified cost matrix is determined and it is shown that unde... View full abstract»

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  • Application of Neural Logic to Speech Analysis and Recognition

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):189 - 196
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3243 KB)

    This paper describes signal-processing techniques for the recognition of speech phonemes by machine. An attempt has been made to employ, wherever useful, basic processing functions of the human auditory system. These basic functions include neural interconnections and the mechanical transfer functions of the receptor organs. The neural interconnections bave been simulated by the use of neural logi... View full abstract»

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  • A Pattern Recognition Function of Integral Geometry

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):196 - 199
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (868 KB)

    A function of integral geometry, called the PF image transformation, which is characteristic of the shape of an optical image falling on a viewing retina is defined. Machine programming of the image transformation has been accomplished. Results of the machine computation of the function for a set of random imagery are displayed. It is demonstrated that the transformation yields automatic recogniti... View full abstract»

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  • Limits of Genetic Control

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):200 - 205
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1406 KB)

    Control of behavior and specification of structure requires information. In simple cases lower bounds for the minimum amount of control information required can be computed. The amount of information in the genes of humans and related species is estimated (in different ways). By comparing the information available in the genes with the information required by certain structures and behavior patter... View full abstract»

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  • On Fundamental Limitations of Chemical and Bionic Information Storage Systems

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):205 - 208
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1104 KB)

    Bionic information storage combines stability and ultramicrominiaturization with self-replication. Rough estimates are given of thermodynamic limitations on stability and bit storage density and observations made on additional constraints self-replicative ability might entail. Reasonable storage stability requirement is bit configurational energy ??20 kT (~0.5 ev or 10-12 erg) to prevent thermal d... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Transactions ceased publication in 1965. The new retitled publication is IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems.

Full Aims & Scope