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Engineering Writing and Speech, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 2 • Date Sept. 1970

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Displaying Results 1 - 18 of 18
  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): c1
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  • IEEE Engineering Writing and Speech Group

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): c2
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  • Editorial

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 33
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  • Glossary of Information-Retrieval Terminology

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 34 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    This paper is a glossary defining several of the basic terms germane to information retrieval. Data-processing terms are also explained emphasizing their relationship to problems in information retrieval. View full abstract»

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  • A Look at the Future of Computerized Information Technology

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 37 - 40
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    The introduction of the remote real-time time-shared computer terminal, in the last decade, has ushered in the future era of computerized dissemination of information. The inter-active remote terminal brings the new dimension of dialoguing with the heretofore written word and opens the door to other information services and economies. The expected forthcoming era of "paperless books," the computerized electronic fast transmission of books, magazines, etc., is the major topic of this paper. Its technology, application, benefits, and concerns are outlined for easing the information explosion problem engulfing all of us. Steps are discussed for evolving into common use during the next decade the computerized dissemination of information. View full abstract»

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  • The Information Content of Titles in Engineering Literature

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 41 - 45
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    Since many alerting and other information services rely very heavily on the use of titles to transfer information to the potential user, it is essential that he be aware of the proportion of the information contained in the complete document which will not be deducible from the title and which he will therefore miss. Methods will be discussed for analyzing the relative information content of the titles of engineering papers and results presented for the amount and type of information lost through scanning title listings only. Between one-third and one-half of indexable terms are not retrievable from article titles even if all possible synonyms and related terms are used. If all synonyms are used instead of one keyword, the amount of information retrieved is increased by about 70 percent. The problems of dealing with synonyms and with syntactical variants in searching titles indexes are discussed. The possibility of using keywords in journal titles as supplementary retrieval tags is suggested since they were deemed useful in nearly one-third of the sample of papers analyzed. View full abstract»

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  • Free-Text Indexing to meet Computers Halfway

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 46 - 48
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    part of the idea introduced is presented through the TYPOGRAPHy of this abstract. as OPTICal READers, SPEECH COMPRESsion, external VIDEO-FILE or MICROForm STORage, ANALOG-DIGITal-analog conversion, and free-TEXT SEARCHing are gradually combined with parallel processing COMPUTers, there is a growing need for SOURCE INDEXing and TEXT COMPRESsion of ABSTRACTs or the original full DOCUMENT RECORDs. a methodology is described which will meet these trends as well as shorten human READing time and facilitate BROWSing, SCANning, and INFORMation RETRIEVal within DOCUMENTs themselves. a simple PEDAL SWITCH device is used to bestow efficient functioning of CAPITAL and SMALL LETTERs. the outlined technique can be used in practical applications to speed up INFORMation RETRIEVal by most general-purpose DIGITal COMPUTers, but also implies design concepts for a special-purpose STRING PROCESsor, and units for ALPHABETic INPUT SORTing, WORD-STEM STORage, ASSOCIATive CONCEPT LINKage, and FILE ORGANIZation. in this context ALLOCATion of internal MEMORy and external STORage is discussed. the technical procedure and the rule of thumb for FORMATing may be regarded as a game of SEMANTic OPTIMization within the frame of certain criteria similar to ORIENTal WORD CHAINing such as HAIKU and RENGA. high INFORMation density and ENTROPy reduction is also anticipated while the basic principle is merely practical. GRAMMArless TEXT handling as described is reminiscent of ORWELL's NEWSPEAK in the year 1984. View full abstract»

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  • Encyclopedic Storage of Scientific and Technical Knowledge

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 48 - 57
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    Encyclopedic storage is a method of storing knowledge that avoids unnecessary duplication and provides convenient access to the stored materials. This paper discusses a particular approach to encyclopedic storage of scientific and technical information which can now be implemented. Motivation for this approach is developed here by considering first some of the basic properties of the process of knowledge transfer via the written record, leading to the development of a unit of knowledge. In terms of this unit, the "size" of scientific and technical knowledge, and of electrical engineering knowledge, is estimated. This unit also becomes the basic building block for the proposed encyclopedic system. A very small experimental version of such a system is now in existence. View full abstract»

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  • A Feasibility Study of Automatic Indexing and Information Retrieval

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 58 - 59
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    Comparison was made between the natural language words and phrases contained in titles and full abstract text and the indexer-assigned, thesaurus-controlled, descriptors used to define information contained in articles abstracted for inclusion in Petroleum Abstracts. Exact as well as word synonym and phrase concept synonym "matches" were recorded. The study indicates that for the system as a whole only 40 percent of the total assigned descriptors was contained in the title and text of the abstract. This amount of the optimum information needed for retrieval is considered to be an unacceptable level of recovery. View full abstract»

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  • An Information System for Petroleum Engineering Technology

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 60 - 64
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    The current technology of the exploration and production segment of the petroleum industry is comprehensively reviewed by the Information Services Department of The University of Tulsa, and abstracts of pertinent articles and patents, domestic and foreign, are published in the weekly Petroleum Abstracts bulletin (approximately 15 000 abstracts per year). Format of the bulletin is such as to allow reprinting the abstracts on card stock for filing. Supplementing the current awareness aspects of the bulletin, an elaborate indexing system. based on controlled-vocabulary concept indexing, facilitates information retrieval from back files. Descriptors used to describe abstracted documents are listed together with extensive cross-indexing and hierarchical designations (broader or narrower terms) in an Exploration and Production Thesaurus. Monthly Alphabetic Subject Indexes are computer generated as searching tools, in which each abstract is cross indexed under multiple suitable subject headings. Supplemental alphabetic author indexes and numerical patent indexes are included. Cumulative indexes for the year are issued in June and December, the latter a hard-bound reference volume. At four-month intervals Dual Dictionary Coordinate Indexes (cumulative during the year) are published for retrieval by coordinate searching techniques. These same retrieval data are distributed on magnetic tape for automated computer searching. View full abstract»

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  • The Dynamic Aspects of Information Flow within a Society

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 65 - 73
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    The information generators and receptors within a society and their connecting links constitute a complex network whose growth pattern must be understood in order to project future data communications needs. To attack this problem a model of society was constructed and categorized according to types of economic activity. Within each division of economic activity were individual units having similar inputs, outputs, and internal operating patterns. The nodal points of this framework were businesses, households, educational institutions, and governments tied together by linking information flows. The volume of all types of communications media, together with the growth patterns in the divisions of economic activity, can provide indications of future data communications parameters. View full abstract»

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  • Study of the User's "Natural Queue" of Documents

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 73 - 78
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    As part of a field experiment conducted in three military laboratories, 85 scientists and engineers, comprising a sample group, were asked to provide data concerning their use of journals and technical reports. In addition to reporting what they did with respect to nearly one thousand documents over a four-week period, they provided individual data on their facilities for reading, handling, and storing documents; their reading habits; sources they use; the perceived efficiency and accuracy with which they handle documents; and the characteristics (i.e., title, abstract, etc.) of a document which help them in deciding whether or not to read it. These data confirm, in part, the results of prior user studies, but provide, in addition, a more direct evaluation of the interaction of the individual scientist and engineer with the "natural queue" of documents which come across his desk. View full abstract»

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  • State of the Art in Selective Dissemination of Information

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 78 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    This paper condenses the results of a detailed survey of 100 SDI systems throughout the world, conducted this year by the American Society for Information Science. The text develops the concept of SDI as a computerized method to provide for the effective flow of technical information among scientific workers. The current status of SDI in university, industrial, and government environments is analyzed and placed in historical perspective, with possible future trends developed particularly those that might affect the form of tomorrow's technical information media. View full abstract»

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  • Listening Development in an Industrial Environment

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 84 - 89
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    For the past eleven years, a most unusual communications program has been taught at IBM's Electronics Systems Center. This program employs updated communications techniques that were utilized by the author when he organized the first (in industry) creative dramatics, children's theater, and adult drama groups at IBM. The development of the senses¿listening, observing, and remembering¿defines the course. This includes: 1) developing the senses to a keen degree, 2) observing with all the senses, 3) being consciously aware of using the senses. Listening retention and comprehension has increased from a documented 50 percentile level before training to a 90 percentile after training, an improvement of 80 percent. A two month retention survey shows a 25 percentile before training and a 60.5 percentile after training, an improvement of approximately 140 percent. The results of this pioneering effort in listening comprehension and retention far exceeded expectations. View full abstract»

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  • Contributors

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 90 - 91
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  • Announcement

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 92
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  • IEEE Engineering Writing and Speech Group

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 92-a
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  • Information for authors

    Publication Year: 1970 , Page(s): 92b
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Aims & Scope

This Transactions ceased production in 1971. The current retitled publication is IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication.

Full Aims & Scope