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IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

Issue 6 • Date Nov. 1973

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 32
  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s): c1
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  • IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s): c2
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  • Input-Output Analysis in Environmental Modeling

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):537 - 538
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  • Input-Output Economic Analysis of Environmental Impact

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):539 - 547
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1802 KB)

    This is a semitutorial paper to explain, from the systems engineering viewpoint, the basic principles of Leontief's input-output economic analysis and its extension to study environmental repercussions in the economy. An advantage of the systems engineering interpretation is that it makes the input-output analysis intuitively clear and suggests or facilitates certain extensions of Leontief's resul... View full abstract»

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  • Mass-Energy Based Economic Models

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):548 - 555
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1563 KB)

    In this semitutorial paper, economic models based on fundamental principles of conservation of mass and energy are developed. These models consider labor as a cost rather than a flow as in classical input-output analysis. This minor shift in concept makes it possible to include technical economies of scale in production and transportation as an additive nonlinearity to the cost equation. These eco... View full abstract»

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  • Pollution Affecting Producers in an Input Output Context

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):555 - 561
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1736 KB)

    Input-output models are attractive for the study of pollution problems because they can trace pollutant flows through the whole economy. The purpose of this paper is to show how input-output models, while easily adaptable for the case of pollution generated by producers and falling on consumers, are unable to handle pollution affecting producers and then to show how an essentially neoclassical mod... View full abstract»

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  • An Interindustry Approach to Modeling Economic-Environmental Systems

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):562 - 567
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1379 KB)

    This paper reports upon a project intended to hypothesize and implement with data methods for linking input-output structures and environmental emissions in order to provide suitable means for modeling and analyzing the emissions process. The first step in the effort was to devise a materials balance accounting structure in order to provide a coherent and complete format for emissions. This accoun... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental Implications of Economic Growth in the United States, 1970 to 2000: An Input - Output Analysis

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):568 - 574
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1520 KB)

    Some results on the environmental implications of economic growth in the United States from 1970 to 2000, obtained using conventional input-output analysis, are presented. The input-output model, as constructed, allows various projections, each associated with specific policy assumptions, to be pursued. Chosen here were two population assumptions (U.S. Census Series B, and Census Series E) coupled... View full abstract»

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  • A Regional Input - Output Pollution Abatement Model

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):575 - 577
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (879 KB)

    The technical and capital coefficients of a dynamic regional input-output model are being revised to include the costs of installing and operating air pollution abatement equipment. The total cost of air pollution abatement in the region will be estimated by comparing the value of direct and indirect inputs required to produce a fixed bill of goods before and after the installation of abatement eq... View full abstract»

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  • Interindustrial Material Reclamation Effects on Regional Economies

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):578 - 583
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1722 KB)

    An approach to the construction of a regional input-output model for the analysis of solid waste problems is outlined. Building upon an available conventional static regional input-output model, three models are presented; each is nested inside the other and leading to the proposed model. These models are a) a simple model of production and waste generation; b) a production and waste disposition m... View full abstract»

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  • A Multistage Input-Output Model for Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Energy Systems

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):583 - 587
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (924 KB)

    A systems model to describe the production of energy is developed. The model considers the efficiency and environmental impact of each stage (extraction, storage, conversion, transmission, etc.) of alternative energy-producing chains (e.g., electric power from coal, oil, etc.). The analytical form of the model is identical to an input-output scheme with technological coefficients that depend upon ... View full abstract»

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  • Tax Strategies for Industrial Pollution Abatement

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):588 - 603
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (7034 KB)

    Governments have at their disposal a growing arsenal of measures, such as taxes, incentives, regulations, and effluent charges, for limiting harmful industrial emissions at the source, over a region, or at the national level. Such measures may have far-reaching implications for consumers, the economy, the quality of the environment, the structure of industry, and the development of resources and t... View full abstract»

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  • Enforcement Policies for Parking Regulations

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):604 - 610
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1359 KB)

    Effective enforcement of no-parking regulations is essential in urban areas. A probabilistic finite-state machine model that relates enforcement to expected levels of compliance is developed, and its simulation results are shown to agree with experimental data. The effects of deterministic and random enforcement policies are described, and a class of implementable policies that yield satisfactory ... View full abstract»

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  • Textural Features for Image Classification

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):610 - 621
    Cited by:  Papers (2485)  |  Patents (106)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6018 KB)

    Texture is one of the important characteristics used in identifying objects or regions of interest in an image, whether the image be a photomicrograph, an aerial photograph, or a satellite image. This paper describes some easily computable textural features based on gray-tone spatial dependancies, and illustrates their application in category-identification tasks of three different kinds of image ... View full abstract»

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  • Application of Pattern Recognition to Steady-State Security Evaluation in a Power System

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):622 - 631
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2451 KB)

    Power system operation is outlined and system security is defined. The need for security evaluation in power system operation is discussed, and the evaluation is presented as a pattern recognition problem. A suitable straightforward and quick procedure is used to select a small number of variables as features from a large set of variables which are normally available in power systems. Comparison i... View full abstract»

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  • An Evaluation of Forrester-Type Growth Models

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):631 - 632
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  • Modeling Error Compensation in Nonlinear Estimation Problems

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):632 - 636
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  • Uniform Asymptotic Stability of Discrete Large-Scale Systems

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):636 - 643
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  • Comments on "On Arranging Elements of a Hierarchy in Graphic Form"

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):643 - 644
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  • A Note on the Learning Behavior of Variable-Structure Stochastic Automata

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):644 - 647
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  • Correction to "A Model-Driven Question-Answering System for Mixed-Initiative Computer-Assisted Construction"

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s): 647
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  • Perturbation Methods in Applied Mathematics

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):647 - 648
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  • Digital Computer Process Control

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s): 648
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  • Probabilistic Programming

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s):648 - 649
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  • Introductory Systems Engineering

    Publication Year: 1973, Page(s): 649
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