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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 5 • Date Nov. 1972

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 28
  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s): c1
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  • IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s): c2
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  • Guest Editorial

    Publication Year: 1972
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  • Five Views on Values and Technology

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):566 - 571
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1435 KB)

    This paper describes four common postures in writings on values and technology. These are called: the Luddite, the technocratic, the apocalyptic, and the "cautionary moral sermon." These positions are considered to be legitimate, but lacking in both instrumental significance or adequacy of their conceptualizations of human values. A discussion of values in the framework of a rudimentary decision t... View full abstract»

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  • Vision, Faith, and Knowledge

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):571 - 578
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    The authors discuss the general relationships between technology and personal and social values. They attempt to stimulate consideration by individuals and societies of the changing judgments and ethics now required both for the engineering profession and individual engineers. They suggest that values and actions in the social environment are symbolic and that most of our present institutions are ... View full abstract»

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  • On the Social Psychology of Organizational Resistances to Long-Range Social Planning

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):578 - 584
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1930 KB)

    This paper is a brief report and reflection on a three-year study of the social-psychological problems involved in changing public organizations so that they are able to perform social, particularly urban, long-range planning. It reviews the philosophy of the study, the present state of long-range planning, planned-change literature and its implications, and some issues in organizational transform... View full abstract»

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  • A Framework for Science and Technology Policy

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):584 - 588
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1271 KB)

    Science by itself has no impact on society. Its impact is mediated through the professions, all of which are concerned with design in some sense. Science and technology are both option-generating processes, and the options have a high mortality. It is only the application of technology in a replicative process that is option-choosing and commits us to its social consequences. Social systems do not... View full abstract»

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  • National Goal Formation in a Time of Transition

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):589 - 594
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1544 KB)

    Discontinuous change of institutions, values, concepts, etc. is the characteristic of the world today. In the face of this discontinuous change the methods of goal setting remain essentially unchanged in the traditional steady-state mold. In times of transition such as now we must be able to learn how to handle large quantities of unstructured and unfamiliar information, often qualitative in natur... View full abstract»

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  • Goals for Technology

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):595 - 598
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (909 KB)

    If modern technology is to impact successfully on a significant social problem, the quantitative model must lead to a finite set of alternatives, each clearly referenced to its social, economic, and political constraints. From such alternatives, priorities must be established by the political process¿it is at this step that the major current impediment to progress occurs. The engineering communit... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a Framework for National Goals and Policy Research: Notes on Social Indicators

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):598 - 603
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1312 KB)

    Quantitative information and factual indicators are essential for informed decision-making, and science and technology policy-making is no exception. However, there are no social indicators as there are economic indicators. Direct measures which relate to technological accomplishments are almost impossible to obtain. Analogies and anecdotes are the arguments used for programs proposed in problem a... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a Framework for National Goals and Policy Research

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):603 - 609
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1593 KB)

    The domain of interest is goal formation and policy planning at the national level. A preliminary research framework for analysis of national policy alternatives is defined. Included are the following basic elements: values, goals, attainments, strategies, societal processes, and societal indicators. Using this conceptual structure as a point of departure, an outline is given of the principal rese... View full abstract»

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  • Unified Program Planning

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):610 - 621
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2527 KB)

    Program planning begins with problem definition and ends with planning for action. The key products that result from the problem definition, value system design, and system synthesis steps are discussed and interrelated through the use of interaction matrices. Particular emphasis is given to defining objectives and to defining a set of measures on the objectives by which to determine their attainm... View full abstract»

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  • The Modeling Process

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):621 - 629
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2048 KB)

    Considerable interest currently exists in the application of the systems approach to the solution of societal, political, and environmental problems. The essence of this systems approach is modeling, the capability to describe large-scale complicated interactive systems by symbolic representations so that inferences regarding the effects of alternative system configurations can be easily and rapid... View full abstract»

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  • On the Effects of State Information on Driver-Vehicle Performance in Car Following

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):630 - 637
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1264 KB)

    A control stick with a built-in kinesthetic-tactile compensatory display, which was used to give a driver information concerning his state with respect to the nearest lead vehicle, was tested in several full-scale car-following situations. System performance was evaluated for several display excitation signals by means of average tracking measures (headway variance and relative velocity variance),... View full abstract»

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  • A Simple Fourier Analysis Technique for Measuring the Dynamic Response of Manual Control Systems

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):638 - 643
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1115 KB)

    From a practical standpoint most dynamic response analysis techniques are complicated, expensive, and time consuming to mechanize and operate. These techniques usually require digital or special-purpose analog equipment, and the computations are often performed sometime after data are collected. Adaptive paramater tracking techniques partially overcome these faults: but they either have prescribed... View full abstract»

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  • Characteristics of Random Nets of Analog Neuron-Like Elements

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):643 - 657
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2459 KB)

    The dynamic behavior of randomly connected analog neuron-like elements that process pulse-frequency modulated signals is investigated from the macroscopic point of view. By extracting two statistical parameters, the macroscopic state equations are derived in terms of these parameters under some hypotheses on the stochastics of microscopic states. It is shown that a random net of statistically symm... View full abstract»

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  • Stability of Large-Scale Systems under Structural Perturbations

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):657 - 663
    Cited by:  Papers (37)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1259 KB)

    A large-scale system is considered as a system constituted of subsystems which may be connected or disconnected from each other during operation. A new concept of connective stability is introduced by which a large-scale system is regarded as stable if it remains stable (in the sense of Lyapunov) under structural perturbations produced by the on-off participation of the subsystems. Algebraic condi... View full abstract»

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  • Linear Programming Models of Crew Assignments for Refuse Collection

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):664 - 666
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  • On-Line Identification in an Unknown Stochastic Environment

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):666 - 668
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  • On the Application of Divergence to Feature Selection in Pattern Recognition

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):668 - 670
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  • A Method for Aiding Human Operator Performance in a Noncompensatory Tracking Task

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):670 - 674
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  • Serial Segments Method for Measuring Remnant

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):674 - 678
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  • Sample Sizes for Monte Carlo Simulation

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):678 - 680
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  • Comments on "A Stochastic Approximation Method"

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):680 - 681
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (267 KB)

    The results stated in the above paper1 concerning an approved stochastic approximation method are considered. Formulas for the variances of the estimates are derived, and it is found that, in fact, the new algorithm is inferior to previously suggested ones. View full abstract»

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  • Contributors

    Publication Year: 1972, Page(s):682 - 685
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