By Topic

Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 2 • Date March 1982

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 19 of 19
  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): c1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (94 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): c2
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (181 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Acknowledgment

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 101
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (40 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Human Factors and User Assistance in Interactive Computing Systems: An Introduction

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 102 - 107
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1420 KB)  

    The need to improve and simplify interactive computing svstems has led to the study of the human factors of these systems. Out of these studies and a general interest in ease of use has come a variety of guidelines and techniques for improving human-machine interfaces. Some of the most important. techniques allow a user to obtain assistance automatically while using a computer svstem. An introduct... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Metaphor and the Cognitive Representation of Computing Systems

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 107 - 116
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2215 KB)  

    In learning, people develop new cognitive structures by metaphorically extending old ones. The metaphors spontaneously generated by new users will predict the ease with which they can master a computer system. Systems which through their interface suggest inefficacious metaphors will accordingly be more difficult to learn and to that extent unacceptable. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • User Assistance in Bibliographic Retrieval Networks through a Computer Intermediary

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 116 - 133
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4664 KB)  

    Users of interactive bibliographic retrieval systems are hampered by the problems of system complexity and heterogeneity. To alleviate these problems-especially for computer-inexperienced end users-the concept of a translating computer intermediary has been investigated. The intermediary simplifies system operation by conversing with users in an easy-to-use, common language; user requests are tran... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Tools for the Development of Systems for Human Factors Experiments: An Example for the SSA

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 133 - 148
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6019 KB)  

    For a period of two years, Bolt Beranek ar Newman Inc. (BBN) worked with the Social Security Administration (SSA) to develop tools to enable exploration of human factors issues in the on-line collection and manipulation of data which are collected during interviews with clients applying for social security benefits. As part of this project, BBN developed a Human Factors Test and Evaluation Facilit... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Multiparty Grammars and Related Features for Defining Interactive Systems

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 148 - 154
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1443 KB)  

    Multiparty grammars are introduced which contain labeled nonterminals to indicate the party that produces the terminal string. For interactive person-computer systems, both the user commands and system responses can be described by the linked BNF grammars. Multiparty grammars may also be used to describe communication among several people (by way of computers or in normal dialogue), network protoc... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Thumb: An Interactive Tool for Accessing and Maintaining Text

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 155 - 161
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1764 KB)  

    The problem of finding information in on-line technical documentation is addressed by an interactive computer system called Thumb. Users access information free from the strictures of linear text, simple indices, and page numbers. Retrieval is based on a data structure roughly analogous to a detailed table of contents and a heavily cross-referenced index. The model is created and revised by an exp... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Self-Descrbing Systems Using Integral Help

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 162 - 167
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1489 KB)  

    Some designers of software systems have recognized the need for providing interactive assistance to the users of their systems. A variety of ad hoc approaches have been used to associate assistance with various aspects of these systems. Common problems with such approaches are inconsistent availability of assistance and inaccurate assistance. A technique is presented for integrating assistance inf... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Automated Explanations as a Component of a Computer-Aided Design System

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 168 - 181
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3243 KB)  

    The ability to explain something, e.g., the operation of a complex machine or program, is an important, but poorly understood, component of intelligent behavior. We discuss an artificial intelligence approach to the modeling of the explanation process within the framework of a graphics-based CAD system currently under development, which can describe its own use, including the common ways to make a... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A Model of Human Decisionmaking in Multiple Process Monitoring Situations

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 182 - 193
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3031 KB)  

    It is proposed that human decisionmaking performance in multiple process monitoring situations can be modeled in terms of the detection of process related events and the allocation of attention among processes once events are felt to have occurred. An elementary pattern recognition technique, discriminant analysis, is used to generate estimates of event occurrence probability. A queueing theory fr... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Topological Fuzzy Sets as a Quantitative Description of Analogical Inference and Its Application to Question-Answering Systems for Information Retrieval

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 193 - 204
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2783 KB)  

    In human communication, analogical inference plays an important role in forming useful judgements from uncertain and incomplete information. Implementation of such ability of inference in computers is significant to increase the efficiency of the question-answering process in information retrieval systems. A new notion of topological fuzzy sets is introduced to describe analogical inference based ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A Robot System Which Acquires Cylindrical Workpieces from Bins

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 204 - 213
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3135 KB)  

    The feasibility of robots employing vision to acquire randomly oriented cylinders has been demonstrated for the first time. An experimental robot system using vision and a parallel jaw gripper was able to acquire randomly oriented cylindrical workpieces piled in bins. Binary image analysis was adequate to guide the gripper into the multilayered, piles. Complementary information was provided by sim... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Scheduling of Parallel Computation for a Computer-Controlled Mechanical Manipulator

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 214 - 234
    Cited by:  Papers (84)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3181 KB)  

    The physical compactness of the microcomputer has made it feasible to mount the controller and the mechanical manipulator together as a single unit. By using a computer with multiple central processing units (CPU's), parallel computations may be executed to achieve a minimum computing time so that a real-time control is possible. The parallel processing system utilizes one CPU for each link of the... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Optimal Filtering

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 235 - 236
    Cited by:  Papers (26)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (610 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Contributors

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 237 - 240
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (4658 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 240-a
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Information for authors

    Publication Year: 1982 , Page(s): 240b
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (190 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE