IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management

Issue 4 • Nov 1992

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Displaying Results 1 - 15 of 15
  • Observations on the measurement of R&D productivity: a case study

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):325 - 331
    Cited by:  Papers (41)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    Recent concerns over national and corporate competitiveness have stimulated a renewed interest in the measurement of R&D productivity. However, the complexity of measurement problems in R&D organizations has resulted in a situation where there is a scarcity of generally accepted techniques. The authors review the major measurement issues connected with R&D productivity and presents the... View full abstract»

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  • Work system change in technical organizations: problems and prospects for avoiding them

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):303 - 311
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (944 KB)

    Flight controllers at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas are developing a data system to use in support of Space Shuttle flights. The data system will significantly change the way the flight controllers do their jobs. The change is of interest to the engineering manager because it demonstrates how resistance to change can arise, even in highly technical organization, and illustrates useful... View full abstract»

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  • Technical and marketing aggressiveness and the effectiveness of research and development

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):318 - 324
    Cited by:  Papers (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (648 KB)

    It is argued that the degree of technical and marketing aggressiveness has an impact on the performance of a firm. The reasons for this are explored drawing upon a number of recent research studies. The conclusions are that these two dimensions, which are identifiable in practice, are useful descriptors of important organizational characteristics and as such provide information for managerial deci... View full abstract»

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  • Going `on-line' in the environmental scanning process

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):394 - 399
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (628 KB)

    Online computerized databases (OCDBs) are increasingly being used within organizations for assessing large volumes of information. their use in the environmental scanning process remains relatively limited, however. A test of an OCDBs usefulness in tracking eight issues over a two-and-a-half-year period is reported. The test was part of a trade and economic development project focused on the Carib... View full abstract»

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  • Automation of banking functions and its managerial implications

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):378 - 385
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    The pattern of automation of business functions in banks is analyzed. Previous experience with automation and business volume of a function are identified as predictors of automation adoption. It is shown that automation of a function cannot be associated with lower average costs for that function View full abstract»

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  • Procedures to determine part mix ratios for independent demands in flexible manufacturing systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):359 - 369
    Cited by:  Papers (24)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1096 KB)

    The problem of determining the part mix ratios at which a set of part types should be produced over the next production period is addressed. Integer programming is used to solve this problem, with computations based on machine utilizations. Several objectives are discussed, each applicable in different FMS situations. One objective balancing machine workload to eliminate bottlenecks, is illustrate... View full abstract»

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  • Why are small R&D organizations more productive?

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):332 - 346
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1208 KB)

    Many R&D managers believe that small R&D organizations are more productive than large ones, a view that is reflected in the popular management literature of the 1980s. The author examines theoretical arguments for the possible advantages of smallness in R&D organizations, proposes an ideal product development organization using the techniques of control theory to simulate information f... View full abstract»

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  • Training engineers to be managers: a transition tension model

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):296 - 302
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB)

    Prior research on transitioning from engineer to manager has focused largely on the content or mix of managerial skills required to make the transition. The current research proposes that this transition be viewed as part of a complex process occurring within the context of social exchange theory. A simple conceptual model is proposed which suggests that the transition involves three parties: the ... View full abstract»

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  • Successful project teams: a study of MIS managers

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):312 - 317
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)

    A study of 492 management information systems (MIS) managers was conducted to determine the degree of satisfaction with MIS project teams and the factors associated with successful teams. In general, project teams met, and in many cases, exceeded expectations. Respondents were divided into two groups: managers whose expectations were exceeded and those whose expectations were not. Test of differen... View full abstract»

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  • A framework for the application of group decision support systems to the problem of planning for catastrophic events

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):400 - 411
    Cited by:  Papers (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1160 KB)

    During the last two years the US has endured extensive property damage and loss of life from the Hurricane Hugo and Loma Prieta natural disasters and expended billions of dollars in the aftermath of a major oil spill in Prince William Sound. Ineffective precrisis planning was, according to most observers, a primary factor contributing to the failure of these response efforts. The application of de... View full abstract»

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  • COINLink: the impacts of an EDI network on the automobile dealership and lending industries

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):386 - 393
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    COINLink is an independent electronic data interchange (EDI) network that can connect a large number of automobile dealers and lenders. Historically, most dealerships have remained in a captive relationship with their auto makers' finance companies. COINLink has the potential to create an electronic common market of the $280 billion installment credit industry for automobiles. To evaluate the impa... View full abstract»

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  • Issues in FMS installation: a field study and analysis

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):370 - 377
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (800 KB)

    This report is based on plant visits and extensive interviews conducted as part of the authors' field study of five distinct flexible manufacturing system (FMS) installations. The FMS and the settings they are housed in are described. The findings are integrated with the existing published literature on automation in manufacturing. The literature is confirmed in some respects and is augmented in m... View full abstract»

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  • Technology transfer in US government and university laboratories: advantages and disadvantages for participating laboratories

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):347 - 351
    Cited by:  Papers (21)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (436 KB)

    Based on findings from a national survey of government and university R&D lab directors, the authors examine perceptions of advantages and disadvantages of technology transfer. Four points stand out. First, laboratory directors, regardless of sector, are generally optimistic about the payoffs of technology transfer. Second, there is surprisingly little difference between university and governm... View full abstract»

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  • Traps in technology management

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):412 - 416
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (568 KB)

    It is suggested that technology-based enterprises must avoid the following traps: overvaluing technology; interchanging research and development; underestimating the problems involved in manufacture; failing to anticipate technological change; positioning inappropriately; ignoring the power of marketing; not respecting investor expectations; and misunderstanding innovation. At a more fundamental l... View full abstract»

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  • Exploring the relationship between productivity problems and technology adoption in small manufacturing firms

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):352 - 358
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    Small manufacturing companies are generally less sophisticated than large companies. Their decisions to adopt new manufacturing technologies are often based more on short-term operating realities than on long-term strategic plans. This research study conducted on 100 smaller manufacturing firms investigates how the process innovators in that group differ from the other firms in terms of the operat... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Management of technical functions such as research, development, and engineering in industry, government, university, and other settings. Emphasis is on studies carried on within an organization to help in decision making or policy formation for RD&E. 

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Rajiv Sabherwal
Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas