IEEE Intelligent Systems

Issue 2 • March-April 2007

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Displaying Results 1 - 24 of 24
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): c1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): c2
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  • Department of Redundancy Department?

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):2 - 3
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  • Letters

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): 4
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  • In the News

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):5 - 8
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  • Advanced Urban Transport: Automation Is on the Way

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):9 - 11
    Cited by:  Papers (27)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1370 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The automobile played a major part in the 20th century development of urban (now mostly suburban) organization and became fundamental to its operation. We must now think about a new form of urban transport to meet the 21st century's challenges. In Europe, several programs are looking at technologies based on automated transport over existing and possibly new road infrastructures. These transport s... View full abstract»

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  • CARA: A Cultural-Reasoning Architecture

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):12 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (599 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There's a constant need to reason about diverse cultures all over the world. Past cultural-reasoning research has focused primarily on techniques to organize, catalog, and reason about cultural and historical artifacts of the kind typically stored in a museum. This is extremely valuable. However, the term "cultural reasoning" as we use it in the previous examples (and in this article) focuses on u... View full abstract»

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  • Guest Editors' Introduction: Interacting with Autonomy

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):16 - 17
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (539 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This special issue presents five articles and one invited essay on designing and implementing human interaction with autonomous (or semiautonomous) physical robots. In keeping with the human focus, they all discuss evaluation with humans, and most of the evaluations take into account the effects of varying automation levels. This article is part of a special issue on Interacting with Autonomy. View full abstract»

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  • Controlling a Wheelchair Indoors Using Thought

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):18 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (91)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1362 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a degenerative disease of the motor neurons that eventually leads to complete paralysis. We are developing a wheelchair system that can help ALS patients, and others who can't use physical interfaces such as joysticks or gaze tracking, regain some autonomy. The system must be usable in hospitals and homes with minimal infrastructure modification. It must b... View full abstract»

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  • Interactive Humanoid Robots for a Science Museum

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):25 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (69)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1848 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    One objective of the Intelligent Robotics and Communication Laboratories is to develop an intelligent communication robot that supports people in an open everyday environment by interacting with them. A humanoid robot can help achieve this objective because its physical structure lets it interact through human-like body movements such as shaking hands, greeting, and pointing. Both adults and child... View full abstract»

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  • Integrating Human Inputs with Autonomous Behaviors on an Intelligent Wheelchair Platform

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):33 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (39)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (565 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Nearly five million individuals in the US have limited arm and hand movement, making it difficult or impossible for them to use computers and products with embedded computers, such as wheelchairs, household appliances, office electronic equipment, and robotic aids. Although some current wheelchair systems have embedded computers, they have very little computer control and require precise, low-leve... View full abstract»

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  • Autonomy and Common Ground in Human-Robot Interaction: A Field Study

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):42 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (34)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1103 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The use of robots, especially autonomous mobile robots, to support work is expected to increase over the next few decades. However, little empirical research examines how users form mental models of robots, how they collaborate with them, and what factors contribute to the success or failure of human-robot collaboration. A two-year observational study of a collaborative human-robot system suggests... View full abstract»

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  • IEEE Intelligent Systems 2007 Editorial Calendar

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): 51
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  • Operator Performance and Intelligent Aiding in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Scheduling

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):52 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1514 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Unmanned vehicles (UVs) are quickly becoming ubiquitous in almost every aspect of hostile-environment operations. A key challenge in designing futuristic one-controlling-many systems will be minimizing periods of excessive operator workload that can arise when critical tasks for several UVs occur simultaneously. To a certain degree, you can predict and mitigate such periods in advance. However, ac... View full abstract»

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  • Human Responsibility for Autonomous Agents

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):60 - 61
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (87 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Automated or autonomous systems can sometimes fail harmlessly, but they can also destroy data, compromise privacy, and consume resources, such as bandwidth or server capacity. What's more troubling is that automated systems embedded in vital systems can cause financial losses, destruction of property, and loss of life. Controlling these dangers will increase trust while enabling broader use of the... View full abstract»

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  • A Heuristic Approach to Learning Rules from Fuzzy Databases

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):62 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (671 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As an alternative to approaches based on entropy and information gain, we describe a system that uses a measure called the impurity level. The learning algorithm based on this measure, which we call FARNI, first induces fuzzy decision trees by using an impurity-level extension for selecting the best branch. This is similar to the way C4.5 and ARNI induce selections for crisp databases. Once FARNI ... View full abstract»

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  • Evolutionary Computing on Consumer Graphics Hardware

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):69 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (39)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1076 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose implementing a parallel EA on consumer graphics cards, which we can find in many PCs. This lets more people use our parallel algorithm to solve large-scale, real-world problems such as data mining. Parallel evolutionary algorithms run on consumer-grade graphics hardware achieve better execution times than ordinary evolutionary algorithms and offer greater accessibility than those run on... View full abstract»

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  • Social Computing: From Social Informatics to Social Intelligence

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):79 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (215)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (165 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Social computing represents a new computing paradigm and an interdisciplinary research and application field. Undoubtedly, it strongly influences system and software developments in the years to come. We expect that social computing's scope continues to expand and its applications multiply. From both theoretical and technological perspectives, social computing technologies moves beyond social info... View full abstract»

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  • Fads and Fallacies about Logic

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):84 - 87
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (443 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Throughout the history of AI, logic has been praised by its admirers, maligned by its detractors, and discussed in confusing and misleading terms by almost every body. This article reviews the controversies and suggests design options that can take advantage of the strengths of logic while avoiding the fads and fallacies View full abstract»

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  • Human Total Cost of Ownership: The Penny Foolish Principle at Work

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):88 - 92
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1258 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Human-centered computing is about creating technologies that are intelligent in the usual sense of intelligent systems. But we also mean intelligent in the sense that they are usable versus user-hostile; useful because they're designed on the basis of results from cognitive task analysis, so that they actually help people do things that need to be done; and understandable, in that the human can le... View full abstract»

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  • Examining Artificial and Human Intelligence [review of Thinking about Android Epistemology; Ford, K.M. et al.; 2006]

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): 93
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Semantic Web 2.0

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s):94 - 96
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (72 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Web 2.0 phenomena is poised to set the creative tone for software developers for years. It could even become a technology wave--one that the Semantic Web would do well to catch. View full abstract»

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  • Calls for Papers

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): c3
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  • [Back cover]

    Publication Year: 2007, Page(s): c4
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Intelligent Systems serves users, managers, developers, researchers, and purchasers who are interested in intelligent systems and artificial intelligence, with particular emphasis on applications.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Daniel Zeng
University of Arizona