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Professional Communication, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 3 • Date Sep 1988

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Displaying Results 1 - 8 of 8
  • Communication failures contributing to the Challenger accident: an example for technical communicators

    Page(s): 101 - 107
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)  

    Examination of the public documents available on the Challenger explosion shows that a history of miscommunication contributed to the accident. This miscommunication was caused by several factors, including managers and engineers interpreting data from different perspectives and the difficulty of believing and then sending bad news, especially to superiors or outsiders. An understanding of the dynamics at work in the Challenger case can help engineers and engineering managers elsewhere reduce miscommunication in their own companies View full abstract»

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  • The risks and rewards of online editing

    Page(s): 122 - 123
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (184 KB)  

    The advantages and disadvantages of online editing by an editor of author-submitted materials are examined. It is concluded that online editing makes it possible to provide editing services for some documents that otherwise might not get edited at all because of schedule pressures. In shops where trespassing could be a major problem, the use of this tool helps eliminate any serious concerns. Because it is instantly available, online editing expedites author review, up to and including the very last change before a document is published View full abstract»

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  • Grammar errors and style weaknesses in a text-critiquing system

    Page(s): 108 - 115
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    Grammar errors and style weaknesses identified by CRITIQUE, a text processing system developed at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, are discussed. Linguistic criteria for distinguishing between grammar and style are drawn first. These criteria are reflected in the messages issued by CRITIQUE to the user. Then, a computational criterion for distinguishing between grammar and style is discussed. This criterion is reflected in the implementation of the grammar-checking and style-checking mechanisms. Finally, it is explained how CRITIQUE operates when the criteria are in conflict: the implementation is driven by the computational criterion, while the display to the user remains faithful to the linguistic criteria View full abstract»

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  • Not to say is better than to say: how rhetorical structure reflects cultural context in Japanese-English technical writing

    Page(s): 116 - 119
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    Technical writing in English by Japanese authors is examined. It is pointed out that Japanese rhetorical structure addresses an underlying communication goal that is very different from the goal of Aristotle's persuasive discourse; Japanese technical writers also consider elements such as beauty, surprise, and easy flow as desirable measures of good writing. This fundamental difference in approaching the problem of writing often produces confusing results View full abstract»

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  • Visual communication technologies for computer graphics

    Page(s): 135 - 141
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    Methods of displaying computer-generated graphic images are examined. Several alternative technologies are evaluated. Principles of operation are given for each of these advanced technologies. These color display technologies include screen cameras, film recorders, LCD projection devices, and RGB projectors. A brief survey of commercially available devices is presented View full abstract»

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  • Speaking across the curriculum: teaching technical students to speak effectively

    Page(s): 130 - 134
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    The use of speaking assignments in the technical classroom is proposed as a means of addressing deficiencies in the oral communications skills of graduates of technical programs. Why current communications courses have failed to address the oral skills improvement needs of the technical student is analyzed, and the special advantages of the technical classroom as a forum for improving speaking skills are identified. Some considerations for designing and evaluating speaking exercises are outlined, and some of the concerns that might occur to the technical educator considering such a program are anticipated View full abstract»

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  • Factors affecting level of documentation required for user-developed applications

    Page(s): 142 - 148
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    Characteristics of user-developed software applications and their documentation requirements are reviewed, and the results of a study undertaken to identify factors affecting the level of documentation required by these applications are reported. The results provide a framework to guide computer-using management in formulating standards for a broad spectrum of such applications View full abstract»

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  • Rhetoric+typography: creative interaction in modern communication

    Page(s): 124 - 129
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    As the means by which written communication is conveyed, typography is in many respects analogous to classical rhetoric. The elements of persuasion, emotion and pleasure, balance, perception, dynamics, style, form, and shape are discussed as they apply to both the concept being communicated and the typographic medium View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to applied research on professional communication--including but not limited to technical and business communication. It has been published since 1957 by the Professional Communication Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Saul Carliner
Concordia University