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IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

Issue 12 • Dec. 1984

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 36
  • IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s): c2
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Foreword

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s): 729
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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  • Editorial A Century of Progress

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s): 729
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The Development of Biomedical Engineering: Historical Comments and Personal Observations

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):730 - 736
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2038 KB)

    The historical development of biomedical engineering and biophysics in the United States is summarized as experienced by the author, concentrating on the early decades until about 1970. Sections include: Early Developments and First Institutions; Early Initiatives and Committees of the IRE and AIEE Since 1947; Development of Biophysics in the USA; The IEEE Society for Engineering in Medicine and B... View full abstract»

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  • Impacts of the Technological Revolution on Health Care

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):736 - 743
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3355 KB)

    The last three decades have seen extraordinary advances in biomedical research and in patient care. The prevalence in disease pattern has changed from infectious to chronic diseases; and many of the conservative treatments of the past have given way to aggressive and often heroic procedures in the operating room, in a multitude of intensive care units, and in specialized treatment centers. At the ... View full abstract»

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  • The Emerging Field of Clinical Engineering and Its Accomplishments

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):743 - 748
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5252 KB)

    Clinical engineering has emerged during the past 20 years as a specialty area to apply the knowledge produced by biomedical engineering research. The clinical engineer is a member of the health care team in a clinical environment and interfaces with physicians, nurses, and allied health care personnel. The role of clinical engineering also includes management, information systems, and health care ... View full abstract»

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  • Automation in the Biomedical Laboratory

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):748 - 752
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3538 KB)

    Automation resources are used to ease the tasks of recording, classifying, and summarizing experimental information. Three instrumental architectures are examined. Their advantages and limitations are discussed. Multiprocessor structures are shown to combine the advantages of the others. In software, state graph notation is seen as an example of a systematic solution to laboratory automation. A la... View full abstract»

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  • External Control of the Neuromuscular System

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):752 - 763
    Cited by:  Papers (94)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4982 KB)

    The basic physiological processes active in voluntary and reflexive movement are reviewed and analyzed in light of recent data. The individual and interactive actions of such processes (i.e., rate, recruitment, synergy, feedbacks) are integrated and presented as a limb joint control system including upper, lower, perceptive, and reflexive hierarchical closed-loop regulators emphasizing the role of... View full abstract»

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  • The Exercise-Responsive Cardiac Pacemaker

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):763 - 770
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4218 KB)

    The heart has two properties: rhythmicity and contractility. Rhythmic contractions are initiated by the heart's pacemaker, the sinoatrial node, which lies in the right atrium. If the sino-atrial node fails, or if its electrical excitations are not propagated to the ventricles (the main pumping chambers), they wil still contract rhythmically but at a rate that is sometimes too slow to provide enoug... View full abstract»

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  • From Holter Monitors to Automatic Defibrillators: Developments in Ambulatory Arrhythmia Monitoring

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):770 - 778
    Cited by:  Papers (37)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6958 KB)

    In 1961, Holter reported a design of a tape recorder that acquired and stored electrocardiographic (ECG) signals from ambulatory patients. This made long-term monitoring of patients in their day-to-day environments possible. The next generation of devices employ microcomputer circuits for automatic interpretation of cardiac arrhythmias. Implantable pacemaker also show some arrhythmia interpretatio... View full abstract»

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  • Hyperthermia and Cancer Therapy: A Review of Biomedical Engineering Contributions and Challenges

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):779 - 787
    Cited by:  Papers (38)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4941 KB)

    In this paper, we attempt to give an overview of the status of hyperthermia as a modality for cancer treatment from an engineer's point of view. By hyperthermia we mean elevating the tumor tissue to the temperature range of 42-50°C and holding it at this temperature for 30 min-1 h. We give a brief history of the field, some comments on the biological rationale, and a survey of present methods for... View full abstract»

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  • Surgical Electrotechnology: Quo Vadis?

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):787 - 792
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (22)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2679 KB)

    The development of the modern electrosurgical generator and its accessories is outlined. The use of the electrosurgical scalpel is compared to other thermal knives: the plasma scalpel and the laser. The evolution of the dispersive electrode is summarized. Some of the innovations in endoscopic electrosurgery and the associated problems are discussed, along with a summary of some current research in... View full abstract»

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  • Noninvasive Transcutaneous Monitoring of Arterial Blood Gases

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):792 - 800
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5676 KB)

    Valuable clinical and physiological data concerning the function of the cardiopulmonary system can be obtained from continuous monitoring of hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2), oxygen tension (PO2), and carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) in blood. While periodic blood sampling is still used clinically to determine arterial blood gases, it is becoming apparent that the recent introduction of continuous... View full abstract»

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  • The Development of Indicator-Dilution Techniques

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):800 - 807
    Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4345 KB)

    After 87 years, Stewart's fundamental conceptual contribution, the indicator-dilution method for measuring blood flow, is still the basis for a variety of common, practical, and minimally invasive clinical techniques. Given the spectrum of available indicators and their corresponding sensing techniques, we review the relevant transport theory and required assumptions. Various previous developments... View full abstract»

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  • Electroglottography for Laryngeal Function Assessment and Speech Analysis

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):807 - 817
    Cited by:  Papers (32)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4309 KB)

    The methodology of electroglottography is briefly outlined, Major emphasis is given to validating key features of the electroglottographic (EGG) waveform using ultrahigh-speed laryngeal films. We show how the instants of glottal closure and opening may be identified from the EGG waveform. This information may be used to improve speech analysis techniques such as the pitch synchronous, closed phase... View full abstract»

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  • Implantable Telemetry in Biomedical Research

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):817 - 823
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2680 KB)

    Animal models of human physiology, pathology, and pharmacology are indispensable tools in biomedical research. Totally implantable radiotelemetry systems provide an invaluable appendage to animal models because these systems are a means for acquisition of otherwise unavailable experimental data. Implantable systems for measurement of velocity, volume flow, dimension, pressure, strain, bioelectric ... View full abstract»

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  • Reducing Motion Artifacts and Interference in Biopotential Recording

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):823 - 826
    Cited by:  Papers (54)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (967 KB)

    The application of engineering principles and techniques to biopotential recording has resulted in a continual improvement both in the type and the quality of recorded signals. Physical placement of electrodes has enabled improved discrimination of the biopotential of interest (such as the ECG) from unwanted biopotentials (such as the EMG). Understanding that the major motion artifact in ECG recor... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical Properties of Bioelectrodes

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):827 - 832
    Cited by:  Papers (30)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1536 KB)

    This paper concentrates on the electrical properties of metal electrode-electrolyte interfaces with emphasis on contributions by Schwan's laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania and more recently by the Bio-Electrode Research Laboratory at Drexel University. We cover the fundamental aspects of electrical characterization studies in a wide dynamic range for the amplitude and frequency content ... View full abstract»

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  • Analysis of the Electromagnetic Signals of the Human Brain: Milestones, Obstacles, and Goals

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):833 - 850
    Cited by:  Papers (83)  |  Patents (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5942 KB)

    Measuring the functioning of the human brain is one of the most formidable scientific/engineering endeavors ever undertaken. It is difficult to extract information about any particular processing function from brain electromagnetic signals (BEMS) since, at any instant, only a small fraction of the brain's hundreds of simultaneously active major systems might be performing processing related to the... View full abstract»

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  • Quantitative Analysis of the EEG - General Concepts and Animal Studies

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):850 - 856
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3973 KB)

    Quantification of the EEG using digital computers is based on complex subjective processes of data reduction and feature extraction. In this paper, the signal characteristics of the EEG are identifred and major developments in the field of computerized electroencephalography (such as spectral analysis, compressed spectral arrays, etc.) are surveyed. Particular attention is given to signal analysis... View full abstract»

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  • A New Framework and Computer Program for Quantitative EMG Signal Analysis

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):857 - 863
    Cited by:  Papers (36)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2943 KB)

    Techniques for analyzing electromyographic signals, which estimate and detect potentials caused by active motor units in human striated muscles, are described. A framework within which these techniques are incorporated into a computer program for the quantitative analysis of EMG signals is then proposed. The resulting program allows the diagnosis of neurogenic and myogenic diseases by analyzing th... View full abstract»

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  • Bioelectric Potentials - Their Source, Recording, and Significance

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):863 - 868
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4058 KB)

    The progress in the understanding, recording, and clinical utilization of bioelectric potentials is very briefly covered, from their discovery by Galvani in the 18th century to the present. Emphasis is placed on neurophysiological aspects and the author's involvement therein. View full abstract»

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  • Quantitative Formulations of Electrophysiological Sources of Potential Fields in Volume Conductors

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):868 - 872
    Cited by:  Papers (14)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3564 KB)

    The noninvasive measurement of electrical potentials at the surface of the body (e.g., the electrocardiogram) has long been considered an important tool in clinical diagnosis. Electrophysiological modeling and simulation is valuable as an aid in the interpretation of such potential recordings. In all cases, the potential field can be considered to arise from bioelectric sources operating in a volu... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical and Acoustic Properties of Biological Materials and Biomedical Applications

    Publication Year: 1984, Page(s):872 - 878
    Cited by:  Papers (13)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2737 KB)

    A survey of our research on the linear electrical and acoustic properties of biological materials including cells, tissues, and biopolymers is presented. Topics include: 1) dielectric properties of tissues and cells from dc to 20 GHz; 2) identification of the mechanism responsible for major dielectric relaxation effects observed (counter ion relaxation, Maxwell-Wagner charging of membrane interfac... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering contains basic and applied papers dealing with biomedical engineering. Papers range from engineering development in methods and techniques with biomedical applications to experimental and clinical investigations with engineering contributions.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Bin He
University of Minnesota