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IEEE Transactions on Man-Machine Systems

Issue 4 • Date Dec. 1969

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 36
  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): c1
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  • IEEE Man-Machine Systems Group

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): c2
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  • Announcement

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): 95
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  • Braille, the Language, Its Machine Translation and Display

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):96 - 100
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2276 KB)

    The manufacture of Braille textbooks has, in the past, been accomplished in two ways. The first is the large-scale production, utilizing zinc plate embossing presses. The second is hand production, done by a large number of dedicated volunteers. This paper outlines the trend in the last few years toward automatic Braille production and describes the development of a low-cost Braille translation an... View full abstract»

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  • A Model for Human Controller Remnant

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):101 - 108
    Cited by:  Papers (24)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2038 KB)

    A model for human controller remnant is postulated in which remnant is considered to arise from an equivalent observation noise vector whose components are linearly independent white noise processes. Extensive analysis of data obtained from simple manual control systems verifies that this model structure holds over a wide range of input amplitudes and bandwidths, vehicle dynamics, and display loca... View full abstract»

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  • An Evaluation of a Pilot Model Based on Kalman Filtering and Optimal Control

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):108 - 117
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1929 KB)

    A pilot model based on Kalman filtering and optimal control is given which, because of its structure, provides for estimation of the plant state variables, the forcing functions, the time delay, and the neuromuscular lag. The inverse filter and control problem is considered where the noise and cost function parameters yield a frequency response which is in close agreement with that found experimen... View full abstract»

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  • Application of Gabors Elementary-Signal Theorem to Estimation of Nonstationary Human Spectral Response

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):118 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1235 KB)

    This paper addresses the problem of forming sequential gain and phase estimates needed to permit direct study of time variations in human response. The conventional Fourier transform with "boxcar" data window is shown to be unsatisfactory. Gabor's theory of elementary signals is cited to show that Fourier transformation with Gaussian data weighting yields an optimum combination of spectral and tim... View full abstract»

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  • Effects of Display Gain on Human Operator Information Processing Rate in a Rate Control Tracking Task

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):123 - 131
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2851 KB)

    A single-axis rate control tracking experiment was conducted to determine the sensitivity of transinformation (information processing rate in bits/s) to display gain, display type (pursuit or compensatory), and forcing function bandwidth. Four other performance measures were also derived: relative error, relative noiseless error, relative remnant, and system open-loop crossover frequency. It was s... View full abstract»

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  • Some Examples of Pilot/Vehicle Dynamics Identified from Flight Test Records

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):131 - 132
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    This communication illustrates a simple technique for identifying the pilot/vehicle describing functions from routine flight test records. This technique provides a straightforward method of analyzing and comparing the dynamics of closed-loop attitude control tasks from actual flight test operations. Some results from the Gemini and X-15 flight test records tend to confirm previous findings that t... View full abstract»

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  • Analysis of Step Tracking in Normal Human Subjects

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):132 - 137
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1245 KB)

    In this communication, some observations of the step-tracking situation in normal human subjects are presented. The muscle systems around the ankle joint were studied. The experiments indicate that the predominant control law seems to be a unilateral activation of the appropriate muscle with some lead compensation. The antagonist muscle is simply turned off and not used as an active brake on the a... View full abstract»

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  • Corroborative Data on Normalization of Human Operator Remnant

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):137 - 140
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1204 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • Application of a Modified Fast Fourier Transform to Calculate Human Operator Describing Functions

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):140 - 144
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1218 KB)

    A modified fast Fourier transform (FFT) is used in a hybrid computer program to permit processing of tracking data during a run to yield the human operator's describing function almost immediately after the data-taking period. The computer processing time is substantially reduced at no cost in accuracy. View full abstract»

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  • An Approach to Digital Engineering

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):144 - 145
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1147 KB)

    Study within digital engineering is primarily concerned with the exploitation of mutual characteristics of software and hardware packages. Within the digital information aggregate of each package the alphabet, dictionary, and syntax models permit a basic perspective independent of restraints imposed by particular evolving packages. View full abstract»

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  • Contributors

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):145 - 146
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  • Statement of editorial policy

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): 146a
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  • Information for authors

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): 146a
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  • Institutional listings

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): 146b
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  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): c3
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  • IEEE Man-Machine Systems Group

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): c4
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  • About This Special Supplement

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): 147
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  • Preface

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): 148
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  • Man-Computer Interaction - The Contribution of the Human Sciences

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):149 - 163
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2641 KB)

    An introductory survey is presented of the possible contribution of the human sciences to man-computer interaction, based upon a full review of the relevant human factors literature which is to be published. A possible taxonomy for the field is proposed founided on broad divisions of the human sciences problem areas and of the types of computer systems and services. Using the taxonomy as a framewo... View full abstract»

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  • Man-Computer Interaction: A Challenge for Human Factors Research

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):164 - 180
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3666 KB)

    This paper claims that the increasing heterogeneity of the community of conmputer users poses a challenge to psychologists and human factors researchers. There follows a brief discussion of why this challenge apparently has not yet evoked a strong response. Three problems, or problem areas, are identified as being particularly in need of human factors research. These are (1) the development and ev... View full abstract»

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  • Display Design: Principles and Procedures

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):181 - 193
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1859 KB)

    The history of research on display design is described briefly and the general problems of real/artificial displays and new/stored information are discussed with particular emphasis on compatibility The main discussion centres on the advantages and limitations of the three general approaches to display design: use of checklists, use of formal procedures and use of behaviour theory. A checklist for... View full abstract»

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  • The Use of Multi-Man System Trainers

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):194 - 203
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1794 KB)

    Current training practices in the use of U.S. Naval weapon system trainers (WST) do not reflect some fundamental principles of learning. In the use of such devices for refresher training, fleet personnel seek only to 'practice' behaviours as they would when training at sea under operational conditions. Thus, training is, for the most part, unplanned, unstructured, and the benefits of using the dev... View full abstract»

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