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Proceedings of the IRE

Issue 9 • Sept. 1960

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  • Poles and Zeros

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s): 1533
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  • C. F. Horne, Director, 1960-1961

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s): 1534
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  • Scanning the issue

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s): 1535
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  • Information for IRE Authors

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1536 - 1539
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Theory of a Monolithic, Null Device and Some Novel Circuits

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1540 - 1545
    Cited by:  Papers (42)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1606 KB)

    An important trend in modern electronics is toward decreased size and increased reliability of electronic systems. This paper discusses a new simple structure which performs the function of a twin-T network, i.e., a null output is produced at a single frequency. This new structure has the advantage of being very small, simple to fabricate, and easy to use in conjunction with transistorized circuit... View full abstract»

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  • Video transmission over telephone cable pairs by pulse code modulation

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1546 - 1561
    Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (14485 KB)

    An experimental seven digit pulse code modulation (PCM) system has been built for the transmission of monochrome and color television signals over seven pairs of 22-gauge exchange area telephone cable, installed in the laboratory. A beam coding tube converts the signal to seven parallel digits of a binary Gray code at a 10 mc rate. All circuits except the coding tube deflection amplifier are trans... View full abstract»

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  • Thin-Film Cryotrons: Part I-Properties of Thin Superconducting Films

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1562 - 1568
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3743 KB)

    This paper, consisting of three parts, describes the thin-film cryotron. This device, constructed by vacuum deposition of layers of lead, tin and silicon monoxide, is considerably smaller and faster than its wire-wound predecessor. Part I describes the characteristics of evaporated superconductive films as they apply to cryotrons. Their current-carrying capacity has been found to be proportional t... View full abstract»

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  • Thin-Film Cryotrons: Part II-Cryotron Characteristics and Circuit Applications

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1569 - 1576
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3069 KB)

    Part II describes the characteristics of the thin-film cryotron. The superconducting to normal transition in a tin gate 0.125 inch wide and 3 × 10-5 cm thick is controlled by current in a single lead control, 0.006 inch wide, which crosses the gate. Silicon monoxide is used for insulation. The switching time of a cryotron circuit is dependent upon the inductance and resistance of the circuit.... View full abstract»

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  • Thin-Film Cryotrons: Part III-An Analysis of Cryotron Ring Oscillators

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1576 - 1582
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1554 KB)

    Part III is a circuit analysis of cryotron ring oscillators. Ring oscillators have been constructed so that the dynamic behavior of film cryotrons in circuits could be studied. The analysis is concerned with the frequency-L/R time constant and circuit resistance-gate resistance relationships so that the results of measurements on oscillators can be properly interpreted. Two analyses, based on diff... View full abstract»

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  • Optimum Noise and Gain-Bandwidth Performance for a Practical One-Port Parametric Amplifier

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1583 - 1590
    Cited by:  Papers (18)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1884 KB)

    A practical one-port parametric amplifier is analyzed to determine the conditions under which minimum effective noise temperature and maximum gain-bandwidth product can be obtained. The analysis considers the effects of resistive loss and stray parasitic reactance in the junction-diode that provides the essential nonlinear reactance. It is shown that the conditions necessary for minimum noise temp... View full abstract»

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  • Fractional Millimicrosecond Electrical Stroboscope

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1591 - 1594
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1959 KB)

    A simple electrical stroboscope having a rise time of 6 × 10-11 seconds and a 6-db bandwidth of 5.5 kmc is described. Oscillograms showing 160-mc square waves and 640 million pulses per second are shown. These waveforms display rise times as fast as 2 × 10-10 seconds. Instrumentation includes a strobe-pulse generator, a coaxial gate using a gallium-arsenide point-contact crystal, suitable wide-b... View full abstract»

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  • Symmetrical Matrix Analysis of Parametric Amplifiers and Converters

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1595 - 1602
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1882 KB)

    It is shown that the parametric amplifier and frequency converter can be described by four equations whose coefficients form a matrix that is symmetrical. Because of this symmetry, the calculations for gain, bandwidth, and noise figure yield simple and manageable results. By regarding the matrix as a nodal admittance array, an equivalent conductance circuit is constructed. The derived expressions ... View full abstract»

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  • An Analog Solution for the Static London Equations of Superconductivity

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1603 - 1607
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    Growing interest in the theoretical as well as applied aspects of superconductivity has focused considerable attention upon the static London equations. These macroscopic relationships describe the spatial distribution of magnetic fields and currents in superconductors. In this paper a novel analog method of obtaining solutions in complicated geometries is discussed. The method makes use of the si... View full abstract»

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  • IRE Standards on Circuits: Definitions of Terms for Lirnear Passive Reciprocal Time Invariant Networks, 1960

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1608 - 1610
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    First Page of the Article
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  • IRE Standards on Circuits: Definitions of Terms for Linear Signal Flow Graphs, 1960

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1611 - 1612
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    First Page of the Article
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  • Error Probabilities for Telegraph Signals Transmitted on a Fading FM Carrier

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1613 - 1629
    Cited by:  Papers (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6079 KB)

    This paper presents an analysis of error probabilities for multiplexed binary telegraph signals that are used to frequencymodulate an RF carrier that is subsequently corrupted by fading and noise. Frequency-shift keying, amplitude keying, and phase-shift keying are considered. It is shown that most telegraph errors occur when the carrier fades below threshold, and the principal results of the stud... View full abstract»

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  • Forward Scattering by Coated Objects Illuminated by Short Wavelength Radar

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1630 - 1635
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1785 KB)

    Theoretical and experimental results are presented concerning the ineffectiveness for forward scattering of radar absorbing coatings applied to highly conducting objects which are large with respect to the wavelength of the incident energy. It is shown that such coatings can only increase the energy in the forward lobe of the scattering pattern. A rather simple accurate theoretical estimate is obt... View full abstract»

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  • The Ineffectiveness of Absorbing Coatings on Conducting Objects Illuminated by Long Wavelength Radar

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1636 - 1642
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1864 KB)

    Theoretical and experimental electromagnetic scattering results are presented concerning the effects of applying thin coatings to perfectly conducting scatterers. Most of the paper is concerned explicitly with spheres and cones. It is shown that thin coatings can have little effect on the Rayleigh scattering cross sections. It is also pointed out how the effect of conductivity is enhanced at low f... View full abstract»

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  • Correspondence

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1642 - 1665
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
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  • Contributors

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1665 - 1667
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  • Books

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1668 - 1670
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  • Scanning the Transactions

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s): 1670
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  • Abstracts of IRE Transactions

    Publication Year: 1960, Page(s):1671 - 1676
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    The issues of IRE Transactions listed herein have recently been published, and are now available from the Institute of Radio Engineers, Inc. The contents of each issue and, where available, abstracts of technical papers are given. View full abstract»

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  • Abstracts and references

    Publication Year: 1960
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  • Translations of Russian technical literature

    Publication Year: 1960
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (298 KB)

    Listed is information on Russian technical literature in electronics and allied fields which is available in the US in the English language. Further inquiries should be directed to the sources listed. In addition, general information on translation programs in the US may be obtained from the Office of Science Information Service, National Science Foundation, Washington DC, USA and from the Office ... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Periodical ceased production in 1962. The current retitled publication is Proceedings of the IEEE.

Full Aims & Scope