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Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE

Issue 4 • Date Dec. 2006

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 27
  • IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine - Dec. 2006

    Page(s): c1
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  • Table of contents - vol 13 no 4

    Page(s): 1
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  • Automation science comes of age [from the Editor's desk]

    Page(s): 2
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  • Ensuring the quality of RAS Conferences [President's message]

    Page(s): 4
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  • RAS Conference Editorial Board

    Page(s): 6
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  • Call For Papers - The 2007 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems - Oct 29-Nov 2 2007

    Page(s): 7
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  • Special Issue on Automation Science and Engineering [from the Guest Editors]

    Page(s): 8
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  • IEEE Enterprise [advertisement]

    Page(s): 9
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  • Society news

    Page(s): 10
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  • 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA2007) - Call for Papers

    Page(s): 11
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  • Teaching Challenge

    Page(s): 12 - 14
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (484 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper reflects on the author's experience with the course "CS294: Projects in Artificial Intelligence," at Stanford University during the fall quarter of 2004. To gain a better understanding of artificial intelligence through collaborative project work, he and his students participated at the 2004 DARPA Grand Challenge. Although they failed to finish the course, their robot named Stanley was able to go further than any other robot had gone in the Grand Challenge. The experience taught his students some valuable new lessons about working in large teams that are focused on true challenge problems View full abstract»

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  • First Announcement & Call For Papers - The Fifth IARP-IEEE/RAS-EURON Joint Workshop on Technical Challenges for Dependable Robots in Human Environments 2007

    Page(s): 13
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  • Call for Papers - IEEE Trans. on Robotics - Special Issue on Bio-Robotics

    Page(s): 15
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  • The future of semiconductor manufacturing

    Page(s): 16 - 24
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (742 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper addresses the evolving requirements for factory integration and automation solutions that are being targeted to address the scale and complexity of the factories of the future. These requirements drive the need for real breakthrough solutions. More than ever before, there must be a strong focus on developing integrated solutions, using mainstream computer communications standards and protocols, so that development and implementation time is minimized and the software solutions are extendible as information technology evolves over time. The volume of manufacturing, process, yield, inspection, quality, and other critical data continues to exponentially increase with each new technology; therefore, its collection, storage, access, sharing, analysis, and retention methods have become a major challenge as well as a strategic competitive advantage for each company. Developing a flexible information systems architecture, with security features taking center stage to thwart possible virus infections, has also become an absolute necessity. Reduction of factory cycle times has become an important priority, as increased inventory (due to larger wafers) of the ''wrong" products in an everchanging marketplace results in a high risk of product obsolescence and loss of revenue. Other equally important business drivers facing the new generation of fabs also will be covered in this article View full abstract»

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  • E-manufacturing in the semiconductor industry

    Page(s): 25 - 32
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (939 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper presents a case study on how e-manufacturing is applied to enable preventive maintenance (PM) spacing. The PM schedules are generated by a mixed-integer programming-based optimizer, and the tool selection algorithm is applied for automated realtime dispatching. The fab automation systems visually display the solver results to technicians and control lot dispatching during low work-in-progress (WIP) situations. An advanced simulator-optimizer system has also been developed to test the e-manufacturing approach. It demonstrated ~20% in tool set availability (VA) and ~30% in cycle time (CT) for a thin-film tool set View full abstract»

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  • Effective utilization (Ue)

    Page(s): 33 - 38
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (526 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The Ue methodology and system is a powerful breakthrough in providing direct feedback to the tool owners. It captures the essence of measuring what is possible and helps to achieve operational excellence. This system has been in development and implementation for the last three years at Intel and has shown significant results and improvements. It can be used to drive operational execution to a new level, and since it is easily portable to multiple tools, it can be leveraged in the constant moving constraints of the factory. The potential benefits can be overwhelming if applied correctly. The methodology used for Ue can be easily used in any fab, sort, or assembly facility, given, of course, that the appropriate data are available. The Ue indicator is currently being used across multiple Intel 300-mm and 200-mm factories and is in the process of proliferation to the remaining facilities View full abstract»

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  • Managing space system anomalies using first principles reasoning

    Page(s): 39 - 50
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    This paper discusses the development of a theory of anomaly management that uses fundamental models of a system's structure, behavior, and intended use to support the detection of symptoms, the computation of possible diagnoses, and the generation of resolution actions. A software-based reasoning system based on this theory was implemented and applied to the configuration control of a space system consisting of an on-orbit satellite and a geographically distributed network of ground communication and control stations. This system was found to promote a formal and systematic analysis of possibilities when managing configuration anomalies in the Sapphire space system. This approach can be extended to more complex systems through future optimization of the processing implementation and through incorporation of other innovations such as dynamic and hierarchical modelling View full abstract»

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  • Motion stages for electronic packaging design and control

    Page(s): 51 - 61
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (954 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper reviews the design and control progress of motion stages for electronics packaging, specifically, for wire bonding, due to its characteristics of high acceleration and high accuracy. The paper also introduces both conventional serial-type and new parallel-type motion stages. Several modeling techniques and many high performance control schemes are also reviewed View full abstract»

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  • ROBOMOSP

    Page(s): 62 - 73
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1521 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper describes the design and development of the modeling and simulation environment for the robotic manipulators named ROBOMOSP (Robotics Modeling and Simulation Platform), which addresses important limitations of existing software for this purpose, under a highly parametric interface ideal for academics and research. The ROBOMOSP software platform adds novel characteristics and functions that are not found in other commercial and noncommercial robot modeling and simulation packages available today, including solution to the multibody dynamics problem using automatic calculation of the mass properties of robot multibodies, offline programming using a standard language, an API interface to allow experimentation with new algorithms, and support for remote/distributed use of the platform via socket communications. ROBOMOSP is ideal for training robotic operators, as a research aid, and for studying the mathematical and physical foundations of robotic manipulators, thanks to its ability to permit the expression of models that closely simulate the behavior of real systems within a feature-packed user-friendly interface View full abstract»

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  • Fuzzy control of a mobile robot

    Page(s): 74 - 81
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (956 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper describes the design of a new fuzzy logic-based navigation algorithm for autonomous robots. This design effectively achieves correct environment modeling and noisy and uncertain sensory data processing on low-cost hardware equipment. A hierarchical control strategy is presented in which three different reactive behaviors are fused in a single control law by means of a fuzzy supervisor guaranteeing robot safety and task accomplishment. Due to the inherent transparency of fuzzy logic, the proposed algorithm is computationally light, easily reconfigurable, and well-performing in a wide range of differing operating conditions and environments View full abstract»

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  • Visual servo control. I. Basic approaches

    Page(s): 82 - 90
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    This paper is the first of a two-part series on the topic of visual servo control using computer vision data in the servo loop to control the motion of a robot. In this paper, we describe the basic techniques that are by now well established in the field. We first give a general overview of the formulation of the visual servo control problem. We then describe the two archetypal visual servo control schemes: image-based and position-based visual servo control. Finally, we discuss performance and stability issues that pertain to these two schemes, motivating the second article in the series, in which we consider advanced techniques View full abstract»

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  • Online automation and contmol

    Page(s): 91 - 98
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    This paper is a second of a two-part series on visual servo control using computer vision data in the servo loop to control the motion of the robot. In this paper, the advantages and the means of providing classical engineering programs online via laboratory-based coursework in automation and robotics are discussed View full abstract»

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  • Call for Papers - IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering - Special Issue on RFID Systems

    Page(s): 96
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  • EURON Report

    Page(s): 97
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  • Calendar

    Page(s): 98
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine is a unique technology publication which is peer-reviewed, readable and substantive.  The Magazine is a forum for articles which fall between the academic and theoretical orientation of scholarly journals and vendor sponsored trade publications.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Eugenio Guglielmelli
Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics
      and Biomicrosystems
Universita' Campus Bio-Medico
      di Roma