By Topic

Engineering Management, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 4 • Date Nov 1988

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 8 of 8
  • New business formation through the Enterprise Development Center: a model for new venture creation

    Page(s): 221 - 231
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1016 KB)  

    Creating companies is a critical issue for the United States as a whole, and particularly for specific areas within the United States if they are to compete effectively in a global situation of hypercompetition. This creation process requires an understanding of technology development and a method for linking the alternative resources necessary. The author discusses the aspects of this process and presents one method for linking the resources required-an Enterprise Development Center (EDC). To date, all six aspects of the EDC have been successful in creating new ventures. Following the presentation of the aspects of the EDC, the author concludes with a method for developing an EDC in a specific area View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Evaluation of proposed and existing accelerated research programs by the Office of Naval Research

    Page(s): 271 - 279
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)  

    A process to evaluate proposed and existing accelerated research programs is described. The key component of the process is the use of mixed level review panels, consisting of bench-level researchers, research managers, transitioning experts, technology experts, and Navy requirements experts, to review multiple programs (nominally) in technical areas of similar science. The operational components of the review process are described in detail, and results of experiments in which program presentation, evaluation, and discussion times were varied are presented. Application experience of the process to Office of Naval Research program evaluation is presented View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Valuing the flexibility of flexible manufacturing systems

    Page(s): 250 - 257
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (588 KB)  

    The author studies the topical issue of flexible manufacturing system (FMS) justification. He contends that current evaluation methods fall short of capturing a key advantage of an FMS: the value of flexibility. He identifies various benefits of FMS that arise from the ability to switch between modes of production, and in particular, he models the value derived from the ability to better cope with uncertainty. A model to capture this value must solve for the value of flexibility together with the dynamic operating schedule of the production process. He presents a stochastic dynamic programming model that captures the essential elements of this problem. A numerical example further demonstrates the optimal mode switching decision rules View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • On managing the human factors engineering of hybrid production systems

    Page(s): 238 - 249
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1220 KB)  

    In the transition toward total automation, contemporary manufacturing systems are predominantly composed of production equipment that is neither completely manual or automated. The development of these systems, identified as hybrid production systems, employ and integrate the capacities of human operators with intelligent machines. It is argued that human activities in hybrid automated systems are critical in achieving productivity gains. Given this importance, hybrid systems must be designed to optimize production. Optimal human factors engineering is possible only when engineers and their management are aware of the technical challenges, created by hybrid systems, and the range of options available for meeting these challenges. The authors describe these challenges and their possible solutions, specifically targeted to the management of engineering and technology-based organizations View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • An integrated approach to project evaluation and selection

    Page(s): 265 - 270
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (516 KB)  

    Effective project evaluation necessitates incorporating the many conflicting objectives of decision maker(s) into decision models. Among the many proposed methodologies of multicriteria decision making, goal programming is perhaps the most popular and widely used. Although it incorporates multiple objectives and arrives at an optimal solution, its major drawback is that the decision maker(s) must specify goals and priorities a priori. To overcome this problem the Delphi method is suggested to be applied prior to goal programming formulation so that the objectives and their corresponding aspiration levels can be identified. Another drawback of goal programming is that it does not provide a systematic approach to set priorities and trade-offs among objectives. For this purpose an analytical hierarchy process is used. The application of the proposed methodology is then discussed and illustrated through an example View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Assessing the development/production transition

    Page(s): 232 - 237
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (628 KB)  

    There is evidence that profitability over the product life cycle is strongly dependent on the quality of the development to manufacturing transition, making this period strategically important in the new product development process. A model of the transition is proposed which includes the product alignment factors of market acceptance and company fit, and the organizational capability factors of culture, people, structure, and technology. Transition facilitating and inhibiting components of these factors are discussed. Based on the model and discussion, a transition quality matrix is presented to aid in the prediction of transition difficulties and the development of corrective strategies View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Technological innovation and development: prospects for China

    Page(s): 258 - 264
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (780 KB)  

    China needs to enhance its sources of capital, accept competition at individual and enterprise levels, and reduce governmental influence in the management of technological processes. In addition, shifting scientific engineering norms to share information, more effective reward mechanisms for innovation, better staff support, and upgrading management capabilities would encourage technological development. On balance, these weaknesses are outweighed by the strong national commitment to technology-based economic development and the demonstrated economic accomplishments of the past decade. Barring the unlikely resurgence of radical leftist forces, the authors predict that China will significantly impact global markets for technology-intensive products by the year 2000 View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • On alternative strategies for doing research in the management and social sciences

    Page(s): 215 - 220
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (556 KB)  

    The author delineates a number of taxonomic approaches to classifying knowledge for research into management and social sciences and points out the need for yet higher order contributions, namely those which embed that which is known in more generalized theoretical frameworks. He also discusses research strategies that do not necessarily contribute to the objective of consolidating knowledge. Lastly, he comments on some of the pitfalls of each research strategy and the relative ease or difficulty in overcoming such pitfalls depending on the strategy chosen View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

Aims & Scope

Management of technical functions such as research, development, and engineering in industry, government, university, and other settings. Emphasis is on studies carried on within an organization to help in decision making or policy formation for RD&E. 

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Rajiv Sabherwal
Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas