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Proceedings of the IEEE

Issue 9 • Sept. 2006

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  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c1
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  • Proceedings of the IEEE publication information

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c2
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1645 - 1646
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  • Scientific Research: Investing in the Future

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1647 - 1648
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  • Special Issue on Medical Robotics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1649 - 1651
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  • A Perspective on Medical Robotics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1652 - 1664
    Cited by:  Papers (52)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (766 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper provides an overview of medical robotics, from the perspective of a researcher who has been actively involved in the field for 17 years. Like all robot systems, medical robots fundamentally couple information to physical action to significantly enhance humans' ability to perform important tasks-in this case surgical interventions, rehabilitation, or simply helping handicapped people in ... View full abstract»

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  • Medical Image Computing and Computer-Aided Medical Interventions Applied to Soft Tissues: Work in Progress in Urology

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1665 - 1677
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (590 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Until recently, computer-aided medical interventions (CAMI) and medical robotics have focused on rigid and nondeformable anatomical structures. Nowadays, special attention is paid to soft tissues, raising complex issues due to their mobility and deformation. Mini-invasive digestive surgery was probably one of the first fields where soft tissues were handled through the development of simulators, t... View full abstract»

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  • Computational Models for Image-Guided Robot-Assisted and Simulated Medical Interventions

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1678 - 1688
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (530 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Medical image analysis plays a crucial role in the diagnosis, planning, control, and follow-up of therapy. To be combined efficiently with medical robotics, medical image analysis can be supported by the development of specific computational models of the human body operating at various levels. We describe a hierarchy of these computational models, including the geometrical, physical, and physiolo... View full abstract»

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  • Computer-Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1689 - 1695
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (515 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Over the last decade, orthopaedics has been one of the most active and diverse areas of development in computer-assisted surgery. Orthopaedics has been a specially challenging area of development as many orthopaedic surgeons consider the outcomes of conventional procedures generally successful. There is significant pressure to improve the efficiency and ergonomics, reduce cost and dependence on mo... View full abstract»

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  • Active-Constraint Robotics for Surgery

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1696 - 1704
    Cited by:  Papers (29)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (450 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The concepts and benefits of hands-on robotic surgery and active-constraint robotics are introduced. The argument is made for systems to be cost effective and simple in order that they can be justified for a large range of surgical procedures. The case is made for robotic systems to have a clear justification, with benefits compared to those from cheaper navigation systems. The need to have robust... View full abstract»

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  • Robotic Compensation of Biological Motion to Enhance Surgical Accuracy

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1705 - 1716
    Cited by:  Papers (57)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (602 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Robotic technologies provide new ways to compensate quasi-periodic biological motion, enabling higher surgical accuracy without invasive measures such as cardiopulmonary bypass. This paper describes current research in robotic compensation of hand tremor, respiratory motion, and heartbeat during surgical procedures. An analysis of each physiological motion pattern is provided, as well as a descrip... View full abstract»

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  • Challenges and Opportunities for Robot-Mediated Neurorehabilitation

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1717 - 1726
    Cited by:  Papers (61)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (358 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Robot-mediated neurorehabilitation is a rapidly advancing field that seeks to use advances in robotics, virtual realities, and haptic interfaces, coupled with theories in neuroscience and rehabilitation to define new methods for treating neurological injuries such as stroke, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury. The field is nascent and much work is needed to identify efficient hardware,... View full abstract»

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  • Therapeutic Robotics: A Technology Push

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1727 - 1738
    Cited by:  Papers (50)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (787 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, we present a retrospective and chronological review of our efforts to revolutionize the way physical medicine is practiced by developing and deploying therapeutic robots. We present a sample of our clinical results with well over 300 stroke patients, both inpatients and outpatients, proving that movement therapy has a measurable and significant impact on recovery following brain inj... View full abstract»

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  • Visual-Feedback Distortion in a Robotic Rehabilitation Environment

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1739 - 1751
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (816 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We create a robotic rehabilitation environment that distorts the visual feedback of a movement representation to restore lost movements. The use of visual-feedback distortion produces a perceptual gap between the perceived (visual) and actual somatosensory experiences, in which movements can be manipulated without patients' knowledge. Previously, we reported the smallest amount of distortion that ... View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid Bionic Systems for the Replacement of Hand Function

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1752 - 1762
    Cited by:  Papers (29)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In recent years, thanks to the advancement of robotics and mechatronics, new and more effective devices for the restoration and replacement of sensory-motor function in disabled people have been developed. In all these systems, user acceptability is strictly connected to several issues such as the residual abilities of the subject, the mechatronic characteristics of the robot, and also the interfa... View full abstract»

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  • The Developing Market for Medical Robotics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1763 - 1771
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper discusses the developing market for medical robotics. It first describes some of the dynamics and market drivers in health care, and then provides an outline of the areas of consideration when developing a commercial medical robot. The paper also offers three case studies of robotic systems that have been commercialized. Finally, it summarizes some of the key ingredients to be considere... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical Engineering Hall of Fame: Arthur E. Kennelly

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1772 - 1775
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (479 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    First Page of the Article
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  • Future Special Issues/Special Sections of the Proceedings

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 1776
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  • Put your technology leadership in writing

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c3
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  • Coming in October the Proceedings of the IEEE

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c4
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Editor-in-Chief
H. Joel Trussell
North Carolina State University