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IEEE Intelligent Systems

Issue 4 • Date July-Aug. 2006

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Displaying Results 1 - 21 of 21
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c2
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  • Computers Play Chess; Humans Play Go

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):2 - 3
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  • In the News

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):4 - 7
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  • A Semantic Future for AI

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):8 - 9
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (78 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In our modern information society, people need to manage ever-increasing numbers of personal devices and conduct more of their work and activities online, often using heterogeneous services. The amount of information each individual has to process is constantly growing, making this information increasingly difficult to control, channel, share, and constructively use. To mitigate this, computing mu... View full abstract»

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  • Guest Editors' Introduction: Machine Ethics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):10 - 11
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Machine ethics is concerned with how machines behave toward human users and other machines. It aims to create a machine that's guided by an acceptable ethical principle or set of principles in the decisions it makes about possible courses of action it could take. As ethics experts continue to progress toward consensus concerning the right way to behave in ethical dilemmas, the task for those worki... View full abstract»

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  • Why Machine Ethics?

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):12 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (156 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Machine ethics isn't merely science fiction; it's a topic that requires serious consideration, given the rapid emergence of increasingly complex autonomous software agents and robots. Machine ethics is an emerging field that seeks to implement moral decision-making faculties in computers and robots. We already have semiautonomous robots and software agents that violate ethical standards as a matte... View full abstract»

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  • The Nature, Importance, and Difficulty of Machine Ethics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):18 - 21
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (84 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The question of whether machine ethics exists or might exist in the future is difficult to answer if we can't agree on what counts as machine ethics. Some might argue that machine ethics obviously exists because humans are machines and humans have ethics. Others could argue that machine ethics obviously doesn't exist because ethics is simply emotional expression and machines can't have emotions. A... View full abstract»

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  • Particularism and the Classification and Reclassification of Moral Cases

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):22 - 28
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (109 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    With this article, the author explores Dancy's suggestion and describes a neural network model of classification exploring the possibility of case-based moral reasoning (including learning) without recourse to moral principles. The resulting simulations show that nontrivial case classification might be possible but reclassification is more problematic View full abstract»

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  • Computational Models of Ethical Reasoning: Challenges, Initial Steps, and Future Directions

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):29 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (318 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    How can machines support or, even more significantly, replace humans in performing ethical reasoning? This question greatly interests machine ethics researchers. Imbuing a computer with the ability to reason about ethical problems and dilemmas is as difficult a task as there is for AI scientists and engineers. The author briefly describes a few of the programs and discusses in detail two programs,... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a General Logicist Methodology for Engineering Ethically Correct Robots

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):38 - 44
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (131 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As intelligent machines assume an increasingly prominent role in our lives, there seems little doubt they eventually be called on to make important, ethically charged decisions. We think formal logic offers a way to preclude doomsday scenarios of malicious robots taking over the world. Faced with the challenge of engineering ethically correct robots, we propose a logic-based approach. We've succes... View full abstract»

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  • IEEE Computer Society Information

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 45
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  • Prospects for a Kantian Machine

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):46 - 51
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (423 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A rule-based ethical theory is a good candidate for the practical reasoning of machine ethics because it generates duties or rules for action, and rules are computationally tractable. Among principle- or rule-based theories, the first formulation of Kant's categorical imperative offers a formalizable procedure. We explore a version of machine ethics along the lines of Kantian formalist ethics, bot... View full abstract»

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  • There Is No "I" in "Robot": Robots and Utilitarianism

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):52 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (73 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this article, the author uses the 2004 film I, Robot as a philosophical resource for exploring several issues relating to machine ethics. Though the author did not consider the film particularly successful as a work of art, it offers a fascinating conception of machine morality and raises questions that are well worth pursuing. Through a consideration of the film's plot, the author examines the... View full abstract»

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  • An Approach to Computing Ethics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):56 - 63
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1343 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    It might seem impossible to "compute" ideas that humans feel most passionately about and have such difficulty codifying: their ethical beliefs. We've been attempting to make ethics computable for three reasons. First, to avert possible harmful behavior from increasingly autonomous machines, we want to determine whether one can add an ethical dimension to them. Second, we want to advance the study ... View full abstract»

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  • The Future of AI in Space

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):64 - 69
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1222 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Casual observers of NASA spacecraft, systems, and missions might assume that artificial intelligence has long been integral to what NASA does. However, the reality of high-stakes space missions must balance bold concepts with careful engineering, especially risk management. New capabilities, whether based on AI or other technologies, are adopted only when they offer overwhelming benefits to a miss... View full abstract»

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  • Making Sense of Sensemaking 1: Alternative Perspectives

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):70 - 73
    Cited by:  Papers (28)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (314 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Sensemaking has become an umbrella term for efforts at building intelligent systems. This essay examines sensemaking from various perspectives to see if we can separate the things that are doable from the things that seem more like pie-in-the-sky View full abstract»

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  • Human-Inspired Robots

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):74 - 85
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1310 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Robots are just now becoming part of our everyday life and being used by ordinary people. Developing a humanlike appearance must go hand in hand with increasing robots' cognitive, social, and perceptive capabilities. In this installment of Trends & Controversies, Hiroshi Ishiguro and Minoru Asada present the ultimate imitation of a human's appearance: an android. Humanlike robots must communic... View full abstract»

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  • How Portugal Celebrated AI's 50th Anniversary

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):86 - 88
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (693 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Institute of Engineering at Polytechnic of Porto (ISEP/IPP) in Portugal celebrated the 50th anniversary of AI. The event began with the ISEP/IPP museum unveiling its "Artificial Intelligence: 50 Years" exhibition. The author describes the celebration and exhibition, but first reviews Portugal's past accomplishments in AI View full abstract»

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  • Call for Papers

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c3
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  • [Back cover]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): c4
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Intelligent Systems serves users, managers, developers, researchers, and purchasers who are interested in intelligent systems and artificial intelligence, with particular emphasis on applications.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Daniel Zeng
University of Arizona